Apple Lisa with a ProFile hard drive
|Type||hard disk drive|
|Release date||September 1981|
|Introductory price||5 MB US$3,499 (equivalent to $9,419 in 2017)|
The ProFile was the first hard disk drive produced by Apple Computer, initially for use with the Apple III personal computer. The original model had a formatted capacity of 5 MB and connected to a special interface card that plugged into an Apple III slot. In 1983, Apple offered a ProFile interface card for the Apple II, with software support for Apple ProDOS and Apple Pascal.
Also in 1983, Apple introduced the Lisa computer, which was normally sold with a ProFile. The ProFile could be connected to the built-in parallel port of the Lisa, or to a port on an optional dual-port parallel interface card. Up to three such interface cards could be installed, so in principle up to seven ProFile drives could be used on a Lisa.
The 5 MB ProFile was Apple's first hard drive, and was introduced in September 1981 at a price of US$3,499. Later a 10 MB model was offered, but required an upgraded PROM/interface card to recognize the additional 5 MB.[when?]
Internally, the ProFile consisted of a bare Seagate ST-506 stepper motor drive and mechanism, without the usual Seagate electronics, a digital and an analog circuit board designed and manufactured by Apple, and a power supply.
Later Lisa models could be configured with an internal 10 MB "Widget" voice-coil drive with a proprietary controller designed and built entirely by Apple, but the Widget was never offered as an external product for use with other Apple computers.
Apple did not offer another hard drive until it released the Hard Disk 20 designed specifically for the Macintosh 512K in September 1985 which could not be used on the Apple II or III families, or Lisa series. The ProFile could not be used on the Macintosh or the Apple IIc computer (for which Apple never offered an external hard disk drive of any kind).
By September 1986, the ProFile would be superseded by the introduction of the first cross-platform Hard Disk 20SC SCSI-based drive for the Macintosh and interface card for the Apple II family (excluding the IIc series, which had no SCSI interface of any kind) and Lisa/XL series.
- Inside Apple:A storehouse of knowledge(Vol. 1 No. 2), Page 3, Byte Magazine(Volume 08 Number 05) 1983-05
- "Apple II computer". oldcomputers.net. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- InfoNews/Software: Apple, InfoWorld, 11 Jan 1982, Page 34, ...Medical Clinix will work with the floppy diskettes or the new Apple Profile harddisk...
- It's official! Apple rools out the III(again), By Paul Freiberger and John Markoff, InfoWorld, 30 Nov 1981, Page 1, ...Profile, the new 5-megabyte hard disk, greatly increase the system's online storage capacity. Seagate, of Scotts Valley, California, is producing the drive for Apple...Profile, which is now being shipped to dealers...is priced at $3495...
- Apple Charts The Course For IBM, By Barbara E. McMullen and John F. McMullen, PC Mag, 21 Feb 1984, Page 127, ...For example, it developed the Apple Profile, for the III in 1981...
- LISA PERIPHERALS: Disk Drives, Microcomputer User's Handbook: The Complete and Up to Date Guide to Buying a Business Computer, Editors: Dennis Longley, Michael Shain, Publisher: Springer, 1983, ISBN 9781349067374, Page 166, ...The Lisa is supplied with a Profile 5-1/4 inch hard disk unit providing a further 5 Mb of storage. Additional Profile units may be added via interface expansion cards...
- Advert, InfoWorld, 15 Feb 1982, Page 46, Comparison table: ...Apple ProFile / Integrated Backup: None / Error Correction : None / Capacity Formated: 5 MBytes / Avg Seek Time: 95 ms / Suggested List : $3495...
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