Bombus pomorum

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Bombus pomorum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Genus: Bombus
Subgenus: Thoracobombus
Species: B. pomorum
Binomial name
Bombus pomorum
(Panzer, 1805)[1]

The apple humble-bee or apple bumblebee (Bombus pomorum) is a species of bumblebee.[1]

Description[edit]

This bumblebee is black with a red tail, an oblong head, and a long proboscis. The male has pale hairs on the collar, scutellum, and first tergite (abdominal segment).[2] The queen has a body length between 20 and 22 mm (0.79 and 0.87 in), the worker around 14 mm (0.55 in), and the male 15 mm (0.59 in).[3]

Distribution[edit]

The apple humble-bee is found in western and central Europe and western Turkey, from northern France to the Perm region in Russia, but it is declining and once had a much wider distribution.[4] It has been found once in the United Kingdom, in Kent, but it is doubtful if it ever has been established there.[2]

Ecology[edit]

This species is mainly found in wood-edges and open fields. The Turkish subspecies B. p. canus, however, lives on more or less alpine steppes at altitudes between 1,600 and 3,500 m (5,200 and 11,500 ft).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Benton, Ted (2006). "Appendix 1: Species Considered Extinct in Britain". Bumblebees. London, UK: HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 529–530. ISBN 0007174519. 
  3. ^ "Obsthummel – Bombus pomorum" (in German). Wildbienen. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Pierre Rasmont. "Bombus (Thoracobombus) pomorum (Panzer, 1805)". Université de Mons. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Pierre Rasmont. "Bombus (Thoracobombus) pomorum (Panzer, 1805)". Atlas Hymenoptera – Bombus of Turkey. Université de Mons. Retrieved 4 February 2013.