Applebay GA-111 Mescalero

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GA-111 Mescalero
Role Glider
National origin United States
Designer George Applebay
First flight January 1975
Introduction 1975
Status Prototype only completed
Produced 1975
Number built One

The Applebay GA-111 Mescalero is an American high-wing, T-tailed single-seat, FAI Open Class glider that was designed by George Applebay.[1][2][3]

Design and development[edit]

The Mescalero was designed by Applebay in response to the Soaring Society of America's 1970 Sailplane Design Competition. The competition was aborted and the glider was not completed until January 1975. The aircraft is named for the Mescalero Apache tribe.[1][2]

The Mescalero is of predominantly composite construction, with the wing constructed from metal and fiberglass and the fuselage and tail all a fiberglass monocoque structure. The 72 ft (21.9 m) wing is built in two pieces, has a very high aspect ratio of 36:1 and employs a Wortmann airfoil. The aircraft can be assembled from its trailer in just ten minutes using special ground handling stands that eliminate the need to lift the large wings by hand. All control surfaces are 100% mass balanced and feature automatic connections upon assembly.[1][2][4]

The sole Mescalero completed was intended as a prototype for mass production and was registered in the Exhibition/Racing category. Applebay decided not to put the aircraft into production and concentrated on the FAI 15 metre Class Zuni instead, which did enter production.[2][3]

Operational history[edit]

In November 2012 the aircraft was still on the Federal Aviation Administration registry and based in Fort Worth, Texas. Originally registered as N100AT it is now registered as N64AT.[2][3]

Specifications (GA-111)[edit]

Data from Sailplane Directory and Soaring[1][2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Wingspan: 72 ft 0 in (21.95 m)
  • Wing area: 146 sq ft (13.6 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 36:1
  • Airfoil: Wortmann
  • Empty weight: 1,000 lb (454 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,500 lb (680 kg)


  • Maximum glide ratio: 44:1

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c d Activate Media (2006). "Mescalero Applebay". Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Said, Bob: 1983 Sailplane Directory, Soaring Magazine, page 48. Soaring Society of America November 1983. USPS 499-920
  3. ^ a b c Federal Aviation Administration (18 November 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Lednicer, David (2010). "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". Retrieved 31 May 2011.