Looking from the quay towards the last remaining shipyard at Appledore
|Population||2,814 [note 1]|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|Fire||Devon and Somerset|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Appledore is a village at the mouth of the River Torridge, about 6 miles (10 km) west of Barnstaple and about 3 miles (5 km) north of Bideford in the county of Devon, England. It is the former home to Appledore Shipbuilders (closed March 2019), a lifeboat slipway and Hocking's Ice Cream, a brand of ice cream only sold in North Devon. The local football club is Appledore F.C. The ward population at the 2011 census increased to 2,814
Appledore is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 (though it mentions two other, smaller, Appledores in Devon). Its earliest recorded name, in 1335, is le Apildore in the manor of Northam. There was a Saxon settlement, but the Devon historian WG Hoskins says of the local legend that it was the site of a Viking raid in 878 AD, 'there is no authority for this identification'. The settlement prospered as a port in the Elizabethan period, and some cottages date from this period. The construction of a quay in 1845 further developed the port, and as a result Appledore has a rich maritime heritage from the second half of the 19th century. The painter Edward Calvert was born there in 1799. Shipowner Sir William Reardon Smith was born in Appledore and went to the Wesleyan school there.
The Richmond Dry Dock was built in 1856 by William Yeo and named after Richmond Bay in Prince Edward Island, where the Yeo family's shipping fleet was based. From 1882 until the 1930s it was owned by Robert Cook, and continued in use until the 1960s. It is a Grade II* listed building. There is a maritime museum in the village chronicling the history of shipbuilding and seafaring in the village.
A lifeboat service for the area around the mouth of the River Taw was introduced in February 1825. The boat was kept in the King's Watch House at Appledore for six years until a new boat house was built at Watertown, half a mile nearer the sea. From 1848 a second lifeboat was stationed at Braunton Burrows on the opposite side of the estuary but its crew always came from Appledore. A third station was built at Northam Burrows to the west of Appledore in 1851 and the Appledore boat moved there. A new station at Badsteps allowed Northam Burrows to close in 1889 and Braunton Burrows closed in 1918 as it was difficult to find men and horses to launch the boat. Appledore Lifeboat Station was rebuilt in 2001 and is home to an inshore lifeboat; a larger all-weather Tamar class boat is kept moored just off shore.
The Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway (B,WH&A,R) was most unusual amongst British railways in that although it was built as a standard gauge line (4 ft 8½in) it was not joined to the rest of the railway network, despite the London and South Western Railway having a station at Bideford, East-the-Water, meaning on the other side of the River Torridge from the main town. The line was wholly situated on the peninsula made up of Westward Ho!, Northam and Appledore with extensive sand dunes, at the mouth of the Torridge and Taw estuary. Appledore railway station and the whole line closed in 1917 having been requisitioned by the War Office (Stuckey 1962).
Sport and leisure
Appledore is served by Stagecoach Devon service 21A which run between Appledore, Northam, Bideford, East the Water, Instow, Fremington, Bickington, Barnstaple station, Barnstaple, Chivenor, Braunton, Knowle, Mullacott Cross and Ilfracombe.
A view of Appledore Shipyard from the opposite side of the Torridge estuary.
A monument to the fallen soldiers of World War II
In popular culture
In his novel Westward Ho!, Charles Kingsley describes Appledore as a "little white fishing village".
Nikolai Tolstoy, Patrick O'Brian's stepson, considers that the fictional town of Shelmerston in O'Brian's Aubrey-Maturin series may have been based on Appledore. O'Brian's wife Mary Wicksteed grew up in Appledore.
In 2008, the Jackson family (including Tito Jackson) stayed for six weeks in Appledore while searching for a house to buy in the area. The project was filmed for a Channel 4 documentary The Jacksons are Coming, which was aired on 27 November 2008.
- Combination of census data for the wards of Appledore West (728 persons) and Appledore East (1,386 persons).
*"Appledore West (Ward) 2001 Population: All people". Census 2001. Office for National Statistics. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
*"Appledore East (Ward) 2001 Population: All people". Census 2001. Office for National Statistics. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Open Domesday". Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Historical Gazetteer of English Place Names". Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Extract from Devon by W.G.Hoskins (1954)". Devon County Council. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- not the other Appledore, Devon: Appledore, Mid Devon, near Tiverton.
- "Welcome to Appledore". www.appledore.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
- "The story of the Dy Dock". Celebrating Appledore's Shipping Heritage. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2009.
- "Richmond Dock". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 15 August 2009.
- "Appledore Museum". North Devon Museums Trust. Retrieved 15 August 2009.
- Leach, Nicholas (2009). Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelveheads Press. pp. 39–44. ISBN 978-0-906294-72-7.
- Tolstoy, Nikolai (2005). Patrick O'Brian: The Making of the Novelist, 1914-1949. W. W. Norton. p. 217. ISBN 978-0393061307.
- "The Jacksons to hit reality TV - in Devon". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group. 2 April 2008. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009.
- Hume, Mick (28 November 2008). "Last Night's TV: The Jacksons Are Coming". The Times. London: Times Newspapers. Retrieved 20 March 2009.
- Stuckey, Douglas (1962). The Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway 1901-1917. Pub. West Country Publications.
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