Appletreewick

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Appletreewick
Village street, Appletreewick - geograph.org.uk - 687169.jpg
Village street, Appletreewick
Appletreewick is located in North Yorkshire
Appletreewick
Appletreewick
Appletreewick shown within North Yorkshire
Population 218 (2011)
OS grid reference SE049601
• London 190 miles (306 km)
Civil parish
  • Appletreewick
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SKIPTON
Postcode district BD23
Dialling code 01756
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°02′15″N 1°55′31″W / 54.03758°N 1.92518°W / 54.03758; -1.92518Coordinates: 54°02′15″N 1°55′31″W / 54.03758°N 1.92518°W / 54.03758; -1.92518

Appletreewick (/ˈæptrɪk/ or /ˈæpltriˌwɪk/) is a small village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England; situated 12 miles (19 km) north-east of Skipton. The local travel links are located 7 miles (11 km) from the village to Skipton railway station and 16 miles (25.7 km) from Leeds Bradford International Airport. The village has a population of 234 according to the United Kingdom Census 2001, reducing to 218 at the 2011 Census.[1]

It is in the Yorkshire Dales, located in northern England. A popular place for visitors especially in the summer months, people from nearby cities often visit Appletreewick to relax on the banks of the River Wharfe.[2]

The parish includes a large area of moorland north of the village. It includes the hamlet of Skyreholme and a few houses at the western end of the village of Greenhow.[3] The parish also includes Parcevall Hall, Stump Cross Caverns and the eastern part of Grimwith Reservoir.

History[edit]

Mock Beggar Hall in Appletreewick

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book and its name is derived from the Old English of æppel-trēow wīc, which means the Apple-tree specialised farm (or hamlet).[4][5][6] The old dialectal pronunciation of the village name is a shortened 'Ap-trick', which is sometimes still heard being used by the locals.[7][8]

The village prospered from the year 1300 when Bolton Priory acquired its manor with its extensive sheep ranges and valuable lead mines. Charters for markets and a fair were granted and the latter remained important until the impact of the railways in the mid-19th century.[9][10] The Ap-trick Onion Fair celebrated all manner of things, but given its name, it was chiefly remembered for being avenue to sell lots of onions that were brought into the village especially for the fair.[11] Records show that fight broke out between the Lord Clifford's of Skipton Castle and the Nortons of Rylstone Manor. This reinforces the belief that Appletreewick was more important than Burnsall at that time, as both noble families were in attendance.[7]

Stone houses line the steep, main street between High Hall at the top and Low Hall at the bottom. The Tudor-style grade II* listed High Hall[12] was restored by Sir William Craven (known as Appletreewick's own "Dick Whittington")[13] who became Sheriff and Lord Mayor of London at the beginning of the 17th century.[14] Craven was born in a cottage almost opposite High Hall, one of a pair converted into St. Johns church.[15] Lower down is Monks Hall, largely rebuilt in 1697 on the site of Bolton Priory's grange. The pub, the Craven Arms, was also owned by William and has much of the village history on display including a fully heather-thatched cruck barn to look round. The cruck barn was the first one to be built in Upper Wharfedale in over 300 years and used original materials such as lime and horsehair to line the walls and sheep's wool for insulation.[16][17]

A 2009 study of rural driving within England led to Appletreewick attaining the title of 'Britain's Friendliest Town to Drive Through'. The study was based upon data collected around Britain, monitoring levels of road rage, driver communication, average speeds and hand wave acknowledgments of friendly driving.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Start, Daniel (28 May 2016). "Hidden beauty spots in the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  3. ^ "History of Appletreewick, in Craven and West Riding | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  4. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Appletreewick | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-19-869103-3. 
  6. ^ Mills, A.D. (2011). A dictionary of British place-names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780199609086. 
  7. ^ a b "Appletreewick - Yorkshire Dales". yorkshiredales.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  8. ^ Speight 1900, p. 374.
  9. ^ Speight 1900, p. 369.
  10. ^ Yorkshire Dales, p. 32. Automobile Association/Ordnance Survey ISBN 0-86145-233-X
  11. ^ Speight 1900, p. 368.
  12. ^ Historic England. "High Hall  (Grade II*) (1131792)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  13. ^ Yorkshire Dales, p. 32. Automobile Association/Ordnance Survey ISBN 0-86145-233-X
  14. ^ Speight 1900, p. 370.
  15. ^ Buckley, Norman (1995). Yorkshire Dales walking : on the level. Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure. p. 8. ISBN 1-85058-439-7. 
  16. ^ Jowsey, Ed (2015). "The Craven Arms, Yorkshire Dales, pub review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  17. ^ Jenkins, Simon (1 November 2012). "Pub review: The Craven Arms, Appletreewick". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  18. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire; Cities, Towns, Villages, Hills, Rivers and Dales - Some Pubs too, in Praise of Yorkshire Ales. Catrine: Stenlake Pub. p. 12. ISBN 9781840337532. 

Sources[edit]

  • Speight, Harry (1900). Upper Wharfedale; being a complete account of the history, antiquities and scenery of the picturesque valley of the Wharfe, from Otley to Langstrothdale. London: Elliott Stock. OCLC 7225949. 

External links[edit]