Application lifecycle management
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|Software development process|
|Paradigms and models|
|Methodologies and frameworks|
|Standards and BOKs|
Application lifecycle management (ALM) is the product lifecycle management (governance, development, and maintenance) of computer programs. It encompasses requirements management, software architecture, computer programming, software testing, software maintenance, change management, continuous integration, project management, and release management.
In summary, ALM  is a set of pre-defined processes that start somewhere in the business as an idea, a need, a challenge or a risk and then pass through different development phases such as Requirements definition, design, development, testing, deployment, release and maintenance spanning across an entire lifecycle of a product. Throughout the ALM process, each of these steps is closely monitored and controlled, followed by proper tracking and documentation of any changes to the application.
ALM is Different from SDLC
ALM is a broader perspective than the Software Development Life Cycle, which is limited to the phases of software development such as requirements, design, coding, testing, configuration, project management, and change management. ALM continues after development until the application is no longer used, and may span many SDLCs.
Integrated ALM - The Modern ALM
Modern software development processes are not restricted to the discrete ALM/SDLC steps managed by different teams using multiple tools from different locations. Real-time collaboration, access to centralized data repository, cross-tool and cross-project visibility, better project monitoring and reporting are the key to develop quality software in less time.
This has given rise to the practice of integrated application lifecycle management, or integrated ALM, where all the tools and tools' users are synchronized with each other throughout the application development stages. This integration ensures that every team member knows Who, What, When, and Why of any changes made during the development process and there is no last minute surprise causing delivery delays or project failure.
Today's application management vendors focus more on API management capabilities for third party best-of-breed tool integration which ensures that organizations are well-equipped with an internal software development system that can easily integrate with any IT or ALM tools needed in a project.
ALM software suites
Some specialized software suites for ALM are:
- Application Lifecycle Framework
- Business transaction management
- Open Services for Lifecycle Collaboration
- Software project management
- Systems development life-cycle
- deJong, Jennifer (2008-04-15). "Mea culpa, ALM toolmakers say". SDTimes. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- Chappell, David, What is Application Lifecycle Management? (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2014
- "What are ALM and Integrated ALM" (PDF). Kovair Software.
- "Gartner blogpost".
- Keuper, Frank; Oecking, Christian; Degenhardt, Andreas; Verlag, Gabler (2011). Application Management: Challenges - Service Creation - Strategies. ISBN 978-3-8349-1667-9.
- Linnartz, Walter; Kohlhoff, Barbara; Heck, Gertrud; Schmidt, Benedikt (2004). Application Management Services und Support. Publicis Corporate Publishing. ISBN 3-89578-224-6.
- "Gartner Market Scope for ALM 2010".
- Hüttermann, Michael (2011). Agile Application Lifecycle Management. Manning. ISBN 978-1-935182-63-4.