Appomattox Campaign Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Appomattox Campaign of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1][2] The Confederate order of battle is shown separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Union forces[edit]

LTG Ulysses S. Grant, Commanding

Staff:

Escort:

Headquarters Guard:

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George G.Meade

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Headquarters units

Provost Guard


   Bvt BG George N. Macy

  • 1st Indiana Cavalry, Company K
  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry, Company C: Cpt Edward A. Flint
  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry, Company D: Cpt James J. Higginson
  • 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry: Ltc James W. Walsh
  • 11th U.S. Infantry, 1st Battalion: Cpt Alfred E. Latimer
  • 14th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Battalion: Cpt William H. Brown
Independent Brigade


   Bvt BG Charles H. T. Collis

Headquarters Guard
Quartermaster's Guard
  • Independent Company, Oneida (New York) Cavalry: Cpt James E. Jenkins

Engineers

Engineer Brigade


   BG Henry W. Benham

  • 15th New York Engineers (9 companies): Col Wesley Brainerd
  • 50th New York Engineers: Col William H. Pettes[4]
Other engineers
  • Battalion, U.S. engineers: Maj Franklin Harwood

Artillery


     BG Henry J. Hunt

Siege Train


   Bvt BG Henry L. Abbot

Artillery Reserve


   BG William Hays[5]

II Corps[edit]

MG Andrew A. Humphreys

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Bvt MG Nelson A. Miles

1st Brigade


   Col George W. Scott
   Col George N. Macy

2nd Brigade


   Col Robert Nugent

3rd Brigade


   Bvt BG Henry J. Madill (w, April 2)
   Bvt BG Clinton D. MacDougall

4th Brigade


   Bvt BG John Ramsey

Second Division


     BG William Hays[9]
     BG Thomas A. Smyth
     Bvt MG Francis C. Barlow[10]

1st Brigade


   Col William A. Olmsted

2nd Brigade


   Col James Patrick McIvor

3rd Brigade


   BG Thomas A. Smyth[11] (mw, April 7)
   Col Daniel Woodall

Unattached

Third Division


     Bvt MG Gershom Mott (w, April 6)
     BG Régis de Trobriand

1st Brigade


   BG Régis de Trobriand
   Col Russell B. Sheperd

2nd Brigade


   BG Byron R. Pierce

3rd Brigade


   Bvt BG Robert McAllister

Artillery Brigade


   Ltc John G. Hazzard

V Corps[edit]

MG Gouverneur K. Warren[12]
Bvt MG Charles Griffin[13]

Escort

Provost Guard

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Bvt MG Charles Griffin
     Bvt MG Joseph J. Bartlett[13]

1st Brigade


   BG Joshua L. Chamberlain

2nd Brigade


   Bvt BG Edgar M. Gregory

3rd Brigade


   Bvt MG Joseph J. Bartlett
   Bvt BG Alfred L. Pearson[13]

Second Division


     Bvt MG Romeyn B. Ayres

1st Brigade


   Bvt BG Frederick Winthrop (mw, April 1)
   Col James G. Grindlay
   BG Joseph Hayes[15]

  • 5th New York: Cpt Henry Schickhardt, Ltc William F. Drum[13]
  • 15th New York Heavy Artillery: Ltc Michael Wiedrich (w, April 1), Maj Louis Eiche
  • 140th New York: Ltc William S. Grantsynn
  • 146th New York: Col James G. Grindlay, Lt Henry Loomis
2nd Brigade


   Bvt BG Andrew W. Denison (w, March 31)
   Col Richard N. Bowerman (w, April 1)
   Col David L. Stanton

3rd Brigade


   Bvt BG James Gwyn

Third Division


     Bvt MG Samuel W. Crawford

1st Brigade


   Col John A. Kellogg

2nd Brigade


   BG Henry Baxter

3rd Brigade


   Bvt BG Richard Coulter

Unattached
Artillery Brigade


   Bvt BG Charles S. Wainwright

  • 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery B: Cpt Robert E. Rogers
  • 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery D: Lt Deloss M. Johnson
  • 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery H: Maj Charles E. Mink
  • 15th New York Heavy Artillery, Company M: Cpt William D. Dickey
  • 4th U.S. Artillery, Battery B: Lt John Mitchell (w, March 29), Lt William P. Vose
  • 5th U.S. Artillery, Battery D and G: Lt Jacob B. Rawles

VI Corps[edit]

MG Horatio G. Wright

Escort

  • 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company E: Cpt William H. Royd, jr.
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Bvt MG Frank Wheaton

1st Brigade


   Bvt BG William H. Penrose

2nd Brigade


   Bvt BG Joseph E. Hamblin

3rd Brigade


   Col Oliver Edwards

Second Division


     Bvt MG George W. Getty

1st Brigade


   Col James M. Warner

2nd Brigade


   Bvt MG Lewis A. Grant (w, April 2)
   Ltc Amasa S. Tracy
   Col Charles Mundee
   Ltc Amasa S. Tracy
   Bvt MG Lewis A. Grant

3rd Brigade


   Col Thomas W. Hyde

Third Division


     BG Truman Seymour

1st Brigade


   Col William S. Truex

2nd Brigade


   Bvt BG J. Warren Keifer

Artillery Brigade


   Maj Andrew Cowan

IX Corps[edit]

MG John G. Parke

Provost Guard

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Bvt MG Orlando B. Willcox

1st Brigade


   Col Samuel Harriman

2nd Brigade


   Col Ralph Ely

3rd Brigade


   Col James Bintliff[22]
   Ltc Gilbert P. Robinson

Acting Engineers

Second Division


     Bvt MG Robert B. Potter (w, April 2)
     BG Simon G. Griffin

1st Brigade


   Bvt BG John I. Curtin

2nd Brigade


   BG Simon Goodell Griffin
   Col Walter Harriman

Third Division


     BG John F. Hartranft

1st Brigade


   Ltc William H. H. McCall
   Col Alfred B. McCalmont[15]

  • 200th Pennsylvania: Maj Jacob Rehrer, Ltc William H. H. McCall
  • 208th Pennsylvania: Ltc Mish T. Heintzelman
  • 209th Pennsylvania: Ltc George W. Frederick
2nd Brigade


   Col Joseph A. Mathews

  • 205th Pennsylvania: Maj B. Mortimer Morrow (w, April 2), Cpt Joseph G. Holmes
  • 207th Pennsylvania: Col Robert C. Cox[23]
  • 211th Pennsylvania: Col Levi A. Dodd
Artillery Brigade


   Bvt BG John C. Tidball

Cavalry
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry: Col William W. Sanders

Cavalry[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

2nd Division[24]


     MG George Crook

1st Brigade


   Bvt MG Henry E. Davies, Jr.

2nd Brigade


   Bvt BG John Irvin Gregg (c, April 7)
   Col Samuel B. M. Young

3rd Brigade


   Bvt BG Charles H. Smith

Army of the James[edit]

MG Edward O. C. Ord

Chief of Staff: Bvt BG Theodore Read (mw, April 6)

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Headquarters units

Headquarters guards
Engineers
Pontoniers
Unattached Cavalry

Defenses of Bermuda Hundred[edit]

MG George L. Hartsuff

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Infantry Division


     Bvt MG Edward Ferrero

1st Brigade


   Bvt BG Gilbert H. McKibbin

2nd Brigade


   Col George C. Kibbe

Artillery
  • New York Light Artillery, 33rd Battery: Cpt Alger M. Wheeler

Separate Brigade


     BG Joseph B. Carr

Fort Pocahontas, Virginia


   Ltc Ashbel W. Angel

  • 38th New Jersey (4 companies): Maj William H. Tantum
  • 20th New York Cavalry, Company D: Cpt Wayland F. Ford
  • 16th New York Heavy Artillery, Companies E and H: Cpt Henry C. Thompson
  • 184th New York, Company I: Cpt George Wetmore
Harrison's Landing, Virginia


   Col Wardwell G. Robinson

  • 184th New York: Ltc William P. McKinley
  • 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry, Company I: Lt Horace Hudson
Fort Powhatan, Virginia


   Col William J. Sewell

  • 38th New Jersey (6 companies): Col William J. Sewell
  • 20th New York Cavalry, Company F: Lt John E. Pollard
  • 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (detachment): Lt Frederick Grill
  • 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry, Company E: Cpt Charles W. Emerson
Artillery


   Bvt BG Henry L. Abbot

XXIV Corps[edit]

MG John Gibbon

Headquarters Guard
Cpt Charles E. Thomas

  • 4th Massachusetts Cavalry, Company F: Cpt Joseph J. Baker
  • 4th Massachusetts Cavalry, Company K: Cpt Charles E. Thomas
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Robert S. Foster

1st Brigade


   Col Thomas O. Osborn

3rd Brigade


   Col George B. Dandy

  • 10th Connecticut: Ltc Ellsworth D. S. Goodyear (w, April 2), Cpt Francis G. Hickerson
  • 11th Maine: Ltc Jonathan A. Hill, Maj Charles P. Baldwin (w, April 1), Ltc Jonathan A. Hill (w, April 9), Cpt Henry C. Adams
  • 24th Massachusetts:[28] Cpt Thomas F. Edmands
  • 100th New York: Maj James H. Dandy (k, April 2), Cpt Edwin Nichols
  • 206th Pennsylvania: Col Hugh J. Brady
4th Brigade


   Col Harrison S. Fairchild

Third Division


     BG Charles Devens

1st Brigade


   Col Edward H. Ripley

2nd Brigade


   Col Michael T. Donohoe

3rd Brigade


   Col Samuel H. Roberts

Independent Division


     Bvt MG John W. Turner

1st Brigade


   Ltc Andrew Potter

2nd Brigade


   Col William B. Curtis

3rd Brigade


   BG Thomas M. Harris

Artillery


   Maj Charles C. Abell

  • 3rd New York Light Artillery, Battery E: Cpt George E. Ashby
  • 3rd New York Light Artillery, Battery H: Cpt Enoch Jones
  • 3rd New York Light Artillery, Battery K: Cpt James R. Angel
  • 3rd New York Light Artillery, Battery M: Cpt John H. Howell
  • New York Light Artillery, 17th Battery: Cpt George T. Anthony
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery A: Cpt William Stitt
  • 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery F: Lt Charles E. Guild
  • 1st U.S. Artillery, Battery B: Cpt Samuel S. Elder
  • 4th U.S. Artillery, Battery L: Lt Henry C. Hasbrouck
  • 5th U.S. Artillery, Battery A: Lt Charles P. Muhlenberg
  • 5th U.S. Artillery, Battery F: Lt Henry B. Beecher

XXV Corps[edit]

MG Godfrey Weitzel

Provost Guard

  • 4th Massachusetts Cavalry, Companies E & H: Maj Atherton H. Stevens, Jr.
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     Bvt MG August V. Kautz

1st Brigade


   Bvt BG Alonzo G. Draper

2nd Brigade


   BG Edward A. Wild

3rd Brigade


   BG Henry G. Thomas

Attached Brigade[30]


   Bvt BG Charles S. Russell

Cavalry
  • 2nd U.S. Colored Troops Cavalry: Col George W. Cole

Second Division


     BG William Birney

1st Brigade


   Col James Shaw, Jr.

2nd Brigade


   Col Ulysses Doubleday

3rd Brigade


   Col William W. Woodward

Artillery Brigade


   Cpt Loomis L. Langdon

  • Connecticut Light Artillery, 1st Battery: Cpt James B. Clinton
  • New Jersey Light Artillery, 4th Battery: Cpt Charles R. Doane
  • New Jersey Light Artillery, 5th Battery: Cpt Zenas C. Warren
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery E: Cpt Henry Y. Wildey
  • 3rd Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery C: Cpt Martin S. James
  • 1st U.S. Artillery, Battery D: Lt Redmond Tully
  • 1st U.S. Artillery, Battery M: Lt Egbert W. Olcott
  • 4th U.S. Artillery, Battery D: Cpt Frederick M. Follett

Cavalry[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry Division[24]


     BG Ranald S. Mackenzie

1st Brigade


   Col Robert M. West

2nd Brigade


   Col Samuel P. Spear (w, April 1)
   Col Andrew W. Evans[31]

Artillery

Army of the Shenandoah[edit]

MG Philip H. Sheridan

Chief of staff: Col James Forsyth[32]

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG Wesley Merritt

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Thomas C. Devin

1st Brigade


   Col Peter Stagg

2nd Brigade


   Col Charles L. Fitzhugh

3rd (Reserve) Brigade


   BG Alfred Gibbs

Artillery

Third Division


     Bvt MG George A. Custer

1st Brigade


   Col Alexander C. M. Pennington Jr.

2nd Brigade


   Col William Wells

3rd Brigade


   Col Henry Capehart

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLVI, Part 1, pages 564-580
  2. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the campaign.
  3. ^ Disabled, April 2.
  4. ^ Commanding detachment at Washington, D. C., the remainder of regiment serving in the field under Bvt. Colonel Ira Spaulding and other subordinate officers.
  5. ^ a b c In command from April 6.
  6. ^ Attached from VI Corps.
  7. ^ Attached from II Corps.
  8. ^ Temporarily disabled April 2.
  9. ^ Assigned to command of Artillery Reserve April 6.
  10. ^ Assigned April 6.
  11. ^ Succeeded General Hays in command of division April 6; was relieved the same day by assignment of General Barlow, and resumed command of Third Brigade. Mortally wounded April 7. During the time Smyth commanded the division, Colonel Woodall commanded the Third Brigade, which he resumed April 7, when Smyth was wounded.
  12. ^ Relieved of command, April 1.
  13. ^ a b c d In command from April 1.
  14. ^ Brady's and Jardine's companies Michigan Sharpshooters attached.
  15. ^ a b c d In command from April 3.
  16. ^ a b Consolidated April 1 and commanded by Major Funk.
  17. ^ In command part of April 2.
  18. ^ Commanded 3rd and 4th Vermont on March 31.
  19. ^ a b In command from April 4.
  20. ^ Sick from April 2.
  21. ^ In command April 2.
  22. ^ In command from April 2.
  23. ^ In command of brigade parts of April 2 and 3.
  24. ^ a b Temporarily assigned April 1 to Sheridan's cavalry command.
  25. ^ Detached with Artillery Brigade, IX Army Corps.
  26. ^ On expedition into North Carolina.
  27. ^ Provost guard at division headquarters.
  28. ^ Detached at Bermuda Hundred.
  29. ^ Detached from First Brigade, Second Division.
  30. ^ Detached from Third Brigade, Second Division.
  31. ^ Calkins, p. 89.
  32. ^ Marvel, p. 177.

References[edit]