Appomattox Station

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Appomattox Depot
Appomattox Station visitor info center.jpg
The former Appomattox Norfolk and Western Station in December 2007
Appomattox Station is located in Virginia
Appomattox Station
Appomattox Station is located in the US
Appomattox Station
Location Church Street & Main Street, Appomattox, Virginia
Coordinates 37°21′12.17″N 78°49′37.91″W / 37.3533806°N 78.8271972°W / 37.3533806; -78.8271972Coordinates: 37°21′12.17″N 78°49′37.91″W / 37.3533806°N 78.8271972°W / 37.3533806; -78.8271972
Built 1923
Architect Norfolk and Western Railway
Part of Appomattox Historic District (#02000510[1])
Designated CP May 16, 2002

Appomattox Station was located in the town of Appomattox, Virginia and was the site of the Battle of Appomattox Station on the day before the end of the Civil War. That station was destroyed by fire in 1898 and its replacement by fire in 1923. The current railway station, built within a block of the original location, is the Appomattox Depot (1923), a contributing property to the Appomattox Historic District.[2] The depot is now home to the Appomattox Visitor Information Center.[3]

There is a marker at Appomattox Depot that explains the final blow to General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Appomattox Station, 1865:

You are standing near the site of Appomattox Station Depot on the South Side Railroad. Here, on the afternoon of April 8, 1865, Union cavalrymen under Gen. George A. Custer dealt the Army of Northern Virginia a final blow. First, they captured trains loaded with supplies for Confederates, then they attacked and captured Gen. R. Lindsay Walker’s wagons and artillery in bivouac half a mile to the north.

When word of this disaster reached Gen. Robert E. Lee at his headquarters a few miles northeast, he knew the end was near. He and Gen. Ulysses S. Grant had exchanged letters on the subject of surrender, and Lee had suggested a meeting between the lines the next day. With Union horsemen now blocking his escape route, Lee’s only hope lay in punching through them with a combined force of infantry and cavalry, and he scheduled a breakout attack for dawn. If it failed, or if he found Federal infantry in front of him as well, then he would have no choice but to surrender.

[4]
Original station, April 1865

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ unknown (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Appomattox Historic District" (PDF).  and Accompanying two photos and Accompanying map
  3. ^ "Appomattox Visitor Information Center". Virginia Tourism Corporation. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Battle of Appomattox Station -- Final Blow". Retrieved 2009-01-11. 

External links[edit]