Appraisal (discourse analysis)

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In discourse analysis, applied linguistics and related fields appraisal refers to the ways that writers or speakers express approval or disapproval for things or ideas.[1] Language users build relationships with their interlocutors by expressing such positions. This notion is closely related to the idea of stance in linguistics and anthropology.[2]

J.R. Martin and P.R.R. White's approach to appraisal in systemic functional linguistics regionalised the concept into three interacting domains: 'attitude', 'engagement' and 'graduation'.[1]


  1. ^ a b Martin, J.R.; White, P.R.R. (2005). The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. Palgrave. ISBN 140390409X. 
  2. ^ DuBois, John (2007). "The stance triangle". In Robert Englebretson. Stancetaking in Discourse: Subjectivity, Evaluation, Interaction. John Benjamins. pp. 139–182. ISBN 978-90-272-5408-5. Retrieved 10 May 2013.