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Approbativeness [noun], is an excessive eagerness to become the subject of approval or praise.
One of the rare examples of the word's use, appears in a letter of 1829, from Mrs Helen Martineau, in which she comments on the figures in an embroidered fire-screen made by her youngest sister Isabella Higginson (1808-1860):
The Gypsey is my most especial admiration, and no less James’s too, who says he hopes [Isabella] has not the organ of approbativeness, or woe betide her where she is an object of such unbounded praise.
In Phrenology, approbativeness is a term used to define the faculty or mental power associated with desires such as esteem, ambition, and superiority. Nowadays, approbativeness is often linked to the emotion of vanity, and, as such, is distinguished from self-esteem, which is linked to the emotion of pride. In Psychology, approbativeness may be seen as an inordinate desire for applause and adulation, where the subject strives to be the centre of attention, with a consequent sensitivity to criticism and blame. For example,
Then think of the president’s skull, which is stuffed with other humours: insecurity, insincerity, victimhood, paranoia, mockery, self-delusion, suspicion, calculation, illogic, vindictiveness, risk, bullying, alimentiveness, approbativeness, vitativeness. Gall, divided into three parts.
- Helen Martineau to Emily Higginson, 17 February 1829 (shorthand, transcribed by Tony Rail and Beryl Thomas); Harris Manchester College Oxford, JAMES MARTINEAU PAPERS: MS J Martineau, 9, Correspondence of Helen Martineau.
- Helen Martineau to Emily Higginson, 17 February 1829; Harris Manchester College Oxford, JAMES MARTINEAU PAPERS: MS J Martineau, 9.
- The American Phrenological Journal, vol.1, 1839, p.170.
- Dowd, Maureen (18 February 2017). "Trapped in Trump's Brain". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2017.