April 1910

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1910
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Apr. 21, 1910: Mark Twain dies at age 74

The following events occurred in April 1910:

April 1, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Italian village of Cavahero, with fifty houses, was destroyed by lava from Mount Etna, but the inhabitants were all able to leave beforehand.[1]
  • Died: Robert W. Patterson, 59, editor of the Chicago Tribune. He was survived by his wife, their three children, and Beatrice, his goose.

April 2, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Both Houses of the Maryland State Legislature passed the Negro Disenfranchisement Bill, revoking the right of African-Americans to vote in state and local elections, on grounds that it had not voted to ratify the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution.[2] Governor Crothers vetoed the bill on April 8.[3]
  • In Paris, Dr. Eugene Doyen announced that he had discovered a germ-destroying medicine, which he called mycolysine.[3] Dr. Doyen claimed that the balm would stop skin cancer.[4]
  • Aviator Hubert Le Blon became the sixth person in history to die in an airplane accident, while flying in stormy weather at San Sebastian, Spain.[5]
  • Born: Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement, in Minas Gerais; (d. 2002); and Arnie Herber, American pro football player, in Green Bay (d. 1969)

April 3, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

April 4, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

Aurobindo
  • Sri Aurobindo, formerly Aravinda Ghosh, arrived by ship in Pondicherry, at that time a colony in French India. The former activist for the independence of India from the British renounced terrorism in favor of spiritualism, and spent the last forty years of his life writing philosophical works.[8]
  • The city of Highland, Indiana, was incorporated.

April 5, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

Seidel

April 6, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Brownsville Affair: A military court of inquiry affirmed the convictions of 167 members of the black 25th United States Regiment, on charges of complicity of the 1906 shooting of two white men in Brownsville, Texas, and the men were dishonorably discharged. It was not until 1972, after publication of John D. Weaver's book The Brownsville Raid, that Army reopened the investigation and concluded the men had been innocent.[12]
  • Turkish troops moved into Albania, at that time a part of the Ottoman Empire, to suppress a revolt over taxes.[3]

April 7, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • SMS Moltke, the first Moltke-class battlecruiser for the Imperial German Navy, was launched from Hamburg. The new class of ships had 32 big guns and thicker armor.[13]
  • The British House of Commons voted 339–237 in favor of Prime Minister Asquith's legislative veto resolution.[3]

April 8, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The "Digges Bill", which took away the right of blacks in Maryland to vote in state and local elections, was vetoed by Governor Austin Crothers, not because it was racist, but because it was "impractical". Governor Crothers signed a bill permitting Maryland voters to decide on whether to approve the Digges Amendment to the Maryland Constitution.[14]
  • The Los Angeles Motordrome opened in Playa Del Rey, California, housing the a mile long motor race track made of wood, permitting unprecedented speeds. The track, modeled after a velodrome used for bicycle racing, was the first designed for the short lived sport of board track racing, popular up until the 1930s.[15] Caleb Bragg raced one mile in 37.56 seconds, and Barney Oldfield broke that record at 36.23 s. Other races ran from 2 to 100 miles.[16]

April 9, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • As part of the process of disestablishment in France, in which formerly state owned church properties were turned over to the general public, the shrine at Lourdes and all of its property were turned over to the ownership of the local commune, to be used for whatever purposes the residents wanted. The council of Lourdes voted unanimously to turn the shrine into a trusteeship, giving authority back to the bishop to use it as he saw fit.[17]
  • Born: Nouhak Phoumsavan, President of Laos 1992–98, in Ban Phalouka (d. 2008)

April 10, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The American Interstate Commerce Commission ruled that on Pullman cars on trains, beds on upper berths should be sold for less than those on lower berths.[3]
  • Fourteen construction workers at Novice, Texas, were killed instantly when a mixup of signals caused a worker to set off a dynamite charge before the area had been cleared.[18]
  • Born Abraham A. Ribicoff, Connecticut politician; Governor, 1955–61; U.S. Senator 1963–81; in New Britain (d. 1998); Yevgeny Fyodorov, Soviet scientist (d. 1981); and Paul Sweezy, American Marxist and founder of Monthly Review, in New York City (d. 2004)

April 11, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

April 12, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Duncan Campbell Scott, Canada's Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1913 to 1932, wrote a letter describing what he referred to as "the final solution of our Indian Problem", declining to address concerns about the higher death rate of Canada's aboriginal people in residential schools. Beginning in the 1920s, Scott oversaw changes in the law requiring all Indian children over the age of seven to be relocated to year-round boarding schools. The letter was first brought to light by Canadian activist Kevin Annett in his book Hidden from History: The Canadian Holocaust (2001)[19]
  • Died: William Graham Sumner, 69, American anthropologist, credited as founder of the concept of ethnocentrism.

April 13, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

Deakin
Fisher

April 14, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

April 15, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The 1910 United States Census was taken as more than 70,000 workers began the enumeration process.[23] The final tally was 92,228,496.[24]
  • Japan's "Submarine No. 6" sank in Hiroshima Bay, with a loss of her entire crew of 14, after an outside vent was left open during a dive. For more than two hours, the sailors labored to raise the sub before being overcome by carbon monoxide, events that were described by the commander, Lieutenant Tsutomu Sakuma in a letter that he wrote to the Emperor as death approached, urging him to "study the submarine until it is a perfect machine, absolutely reliable. We can then die without regret." [25]
  • The city of Harlingen, Texas, was incorporated.[26]
  • Born: Eddie Mayo, American baseball player, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (d. 2006)

April 16, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

April 17, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Rosa Blazek gave birth to a son, Franzl, at the General Hospital in Prague, in the only recorded case of a pregnancy and childbirth for a conjoined twin. Rosa and her sister Josepha were 31 when Rosa became pregnant. Both died in 1922 shortly after moving to the United States.[28]
  • The German balloon Delitzch was destroyed after being struck by a lightning bolt at Eisenach, killing the four man crew on board.[3]
  • Born: Ivan Goff, Australian screenwriter, in Perth (d. 1999)

April 18, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) presented to Congress a petition with 500,000 signatures in favor of granting American women the right to vote. After arriving in a procession of 45 cars (one for each of the United States) at the U.S. Capitol, the suffragists separated the petitions for delivery to their Senators and Representatives, who in turn presented the petitions to the Speaker of the House and to the Vice-President.[29]

April 19, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 20, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Halley's Comet reached perihelion, making its closest approach to the Sun since 1835, and was visible to the naked eye for the first time since its return to the solar system. Some viewers on the island of Curaçao had been able to discern the comet in pre-dawn hours on the 19th.[31] The comet remained visible through the rest of May as it traveled away from the solar system, not to return until 1986.
  • French aviator Roger Sommer became the first person to carry five persons on an airplane, when he brought four passengers along for a five-minute flight at Charleville.[32]
  • Forty coal miners were killed near Mulga, Alabama, in an explosion.[33] Two days later, another 18 miners were killed near Amsterdam, Ohio.[34]
  • Samuel J. Scott, a 15-year-old boy working in Belfast on the construction of the RMS Titanic, fell from a ladder and died of a fractured skull. He was the first of eight people who died on the Titanic prior to its wreck two years later in April 1912.[35]
  • Born: Robert F. Wagner, Jr., Mayor of New York City, 1954–65 (d. 1991)

April 21, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Samuel Langhorne Clemens, beloved to millions of readers for his writings under the pen name Mark Twain, died at the age of 74 at his home in Redding, Connecticut. Twain, who had angina pectoris, went into a coma at 3:00 pm and was dead by 6:30. Appropriately, his last words were handwritten rather than spoken, a note to his daughter Clara: "Give me my glasses".[36]

April 22, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

April 23, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

April 24, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Parliamentary elections were held in France, resulting in a slight increase in the ruling party majority. Aristide Briand remained as Prime Minister.[37][38]
  • The 200 African-American residents of Coleman, Texas, mostly employees of the Santa Fe Railroad and their families, were forced to leave town permanently by the White population.[39]

April 25, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

April 26, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 27, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • A herd of nine elephants rampaged through Danville, Illinois, after escaping from a train bringing a circus to town. Several people were injured, one seriously, and 100 houses were damaged.[44]
  • Juan Vincente Gomez was unanimously elected President of Venezuela by that nation's Congress. Gomez, who had staged a coup the previous November, had resigned on April 19 pending the election. For eight days, Constantin Guererro served as Acting President.[6]
  • Born: Chiang Ching-kuo, Prime Minister of Republic of China (Taiwan), 1972–78, President 1978–88, in Fenghua (d. 1988); and Jim Zyntell, American football player and last, alphabetically, among all NFL players, in Boston (d. 1992)

April 28, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

April 29, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

April 30, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Vice-Governor of the Belgian Congo ordered the introduction of the "medical passport", mandatory for all black African subjects, ostensibly to combat the spread of sleeping sickness. Formerly, a document (feuille de route) was required only for persons travelling outside their home area. The medical passport was mandatory for all residents, to be presented upon request to any colonial official, an idea picked up by other colonies.[49]
  • In the battle of Kačanik Pass, Turkish troops defeated Albanian rebels.[37]
  • Born: Srirangam Srinivasarao, nicknamed "SriSri", Indian Telugu language poet, in Visakhapatnam (d. 1983)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lava Buries Village", Washington Post, April 2, 1910, p1
  2. ^ "Disenfranchise Negroes of Maryland", San Antonio Light and Gazette, April 3, 1910, p1
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (May 1910), pp543–546
  4. ^ "New 'Elixir of Life'", Washington Post, April 11, 1910, p1
  5. ^ "By the Way", U.S. Air Service Magazine (February 1920), p25
  6. ^ a b Bulletin of the International Bureau of the American Republics (June 1910)
  7. ^ "Roosevelt Will Not Pay Visit to Pope", Washington Post, April 4, 1910, p1
  8. ^ "Stamp to commemorate 100th anniversary of Sri Aurobindo's arrival", The Times of India, July 30, 2009
  9. ^ "Socialist Elected", Washington Post, April 6, 1910, p1
  10. ^ "The Advernture of the Abernathy Boys"[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Polson, Montana Travel Portal
  12. ^ "A Step Back For Blacks", TIME Magazine, July 3, 2006
  13. ^ Gary Staff, German Battlecruisers: 1914–1918 (Osprey 2006), p14
  14. ^ "Will Veto Digges Bill", Washington Post, April 9, 1910, p3
  15. ^ UMTRI Research Review, April–June 2008, p10
  16. ^ "Speed Records Established", Atlanta Constitution, April 9, 1910, p2
  17. ^ Owen Chadwick, A History of the Popes, 1830–1914 (Oxford University Press, 2003), p400
  18. ^ "14 Men Killed By Explosion of Dynamite", Atlanta Constitution, April 11, 1910, p1
  19. ^ Akha Heritage Foundation
  20. ^ Election Results, University of Western Australia
  21. ^ "President Taft Throws First Ball Over Plate", Atlanta Constitution, April 15, 1910, p13; John Sayle Watterson, The Games Presidents Play: Sports and the Presidency (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006) p84
  22. ^ The Lemelson Center Archived July 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Smithsonian.org
  23. ^ "Uncle Sam Begins Big Count Friday", Indianapolis Star, April 11, 1910, p2
  24. ^ U.S. Census Bureau
  25. ^ http://www.nids.go.jp/dissemination/kiyo/pdf/bulletin_j7-2-3_8.pdf[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ City of Harlingen
  27. ^ "New Season Brings Renovated Arena for Northeastern" Archived October 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., U.S. College Hockey Organization website
  28. ^ J. David Bleich, Bioethical Dilemmas: A Jewish Perspective (Ktav Publishing, 1998), p315; Francine LaSala, Carny Folk: The World's Weirdest Sideshow Acts (Citadel Press, 2005), pp42–46;
  29. ^ "Suffragists Storm National Capitol", New York Times, April 19, 1910, p1
  30. ^ Peter Baldry, The Battle Against Bacteria: A Fresh Look (CUP Archive, 1976), pp79–80
  31. ^ "Comet Is Getting Near", New York Times, April 20, 1910, p1
  32. ^ "Five Fly on an Aeroplane", New York Times, April 21, 1910, p1; "By the Way", U.S. Air Service Magazine (February 1920), p25
  33. ^ "40 Killed In Coal Pit", Indianapolis Star, April 21, 1910, p1
  34. ^ "18 Miners Killed", Washington Post, April 23, 1910, p1
  35. ^ Stephen Cameron, Titanic: Belfast's Own (Wolfhound Press, 1998), p24
  36. ^ "Mark Twain Dead", Washington Post, April 22, 1910, p1
  37. ^ a b c d e f g "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1910), pp670–672
  38. ^ Rois et Presidents website
  39. ^ "Blacks Driven By Angry Mob", Atlanta Constitution, April 25, 1910, p1
  40. ^ "Gov. Hughes Given High Court Place", Indianapolis Star, April 26, 1910, p1
  41. ^ Mother'sDayShrine.com; "Mother's Day: Governor Designates Sunday, May 8, For Its Observance", The Messenger (Beckley, West Virginia), April 29, 1910, p3
  42. ^ "Bjornson Dead; The Lyric Poet", Atlanta Constitution, April 28, 1910, p1
  43. ^ "Folding Bed Kills", Washington Post, April 28, 1910, p1
  44. ^ "Elephants Raid City", Washington Post, April 28, 1910, p1
  45. ^ Harry Jones, Liberalism and the House of Lords: The Story of the Veto Battle, 1832–1911 (Methuen & Co., 1912)
  46. ^ "Paulhan Wins Big Aero Race", Washington Post, April 28, 1910, p1
  47. ^ "San Francisco Gets the Fair", by Hamilton Wright, Popular Mechanics (April 1911), p580
  48. ^ "Australia's Prime Ministers", National Archives of Australia
  49. ^ Maryinez Lyons, The Colonial Disease: A Social History of Sleeping Sickness in Northern Zaire, 1900–1940 (Cambridge University Press, 2002), p128