April 1927

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
April 29, 1927: Government dynamites floodwall in Louisiana in hopes of saving New Orleans
April 12, 1927: Thousands of Communists arrested and executed in surprise move by Chiang Kai-shek

The following events occurred in April 1927:

April 1, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

April 2, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The United Kingdom announced that it was increasing its troop strength in China, from 17,000 to 22,000 men.[2]
  • A "fire following a storm of great intensity" destroyed the town of Körösmezö, Czechoslovakia (now Yasinia, Ukraine)[3]
  • Born: Ferenc Puskás, soccer football star who played 1943-56 in Hungary and 1958-66 for Real Madrid, and scored 84 goals in international matches, in Budapest (d.2006); and Kenneth Tynan, English theatre critic, in Birmingham (d. 1980)

April 3, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

April 4, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • Colonial Air Transport inaugurated the first regularly scheduled airline service in America, carrying six passengers on a flight that departed Boston at 6:15 pm and landed near New York City (at Hadley Field, New Jersey), at 9:00 pm. The first ticket was sold to Mrs. Gardiner Fiske for 25 dollars.[5]
  • The Urdu language daily newspaper, Inqilab, described as a periodical that "changed the course of Muslim politics... of the entire Indo-Pakistan subcontinent" [6] was founded by Ghulam Rasul Mehr and Abdul Majid Salik. The paper, which lasted until 1949, two years after Pakistan attained independence.
  • The Victor Talking Machine Company introduced "the automatic orthophonic Victrola", the first phonograph that could be loaded with multiple (up to 12) records and then play them in sequence.[7]
  • Born: Joe Orlando, American comic book artist, in Bari, Italy
  • Died: Vincent Drucci, 27, American gangster nicknamed "the Schemer", and leader of the North Side Gang. Drucci was shot while trying to wrest a gun from Chicago police detective Dan Healy. His funeral was attended by 1,000 mourners.

April 5, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 6, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • On the tenth anniversary of America's entry into World War I, a proposal for an international treaty "to outlaw war" was made by Aristide Briand, the Foreign Minister of France. The Kellogg–Briand Pact would be signed on August 27, 1928, by Briand and U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg.[11]
  • U.S. President Calvin Coolidge vetoed a resolution, passed by the Philippine territorial legislature, calling for a plebiscite on whether the Philippines should become independent of the United States.[12]
  • An explosion at the refinery of Producers & Refiners Oil Company killed 13 employees and broke almost all of the windows in the company town of Parco, Wyoming.[13]
  • Webber College (now Webber International University) was founded by Roger and Grace Babson (who also founded Babson College) in Babson Park, Florida.[14] One of the nation's first schools of business for women, it was the first private, not-for-profit college chartered under Florida's then new educational and charitable laws.
  • Born: Gerry Mulligan, American jazz musician, baritone sax player, in Queens (d. 1996)

April 7, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

  • At 3:25 in the afternoon, the Bell Telephone Company made the first successful demonstration of long distance mechanical television transmission, transmitting a 30 line image at the rate of 10 images per second with the aid of a system using the rotating Nipkow disc. Herbert Hoover (at that time the U.S. Secretary of Commerce appeared before a camera in Washington, and as he spoke over a loudspeaker by telephone to AT & T President Walter S. Gifford, Hoover could be observed on a 2 by 3-foot (0.91 m) television screen by an audience in New York. Hoover told the group, "Human genius has now destroyed the impediment of distance, in a new respect, and in a manner hitherto unknown." The breakthrough in the invention of a completely electronic television system would take place five months later on September 7.[15] Hoover's speech was followed by the first American television entertainment, a performance (from a studio in Whippany, New Jersey) by vaudeville comedian "A. Dolan", who appeared as an Irishman and then donned blackface for a minstrel show act.[16]
  • The epic French film Napoléon directed by Abel Gance and starring Albert Dieudonné premiered at the Palais Garnier in Paris.

April 8, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

  • The beam wireless service was inaugurated between Sydney and London by Amalgamated Wireless Company, allowing messages to be sent at the speed of light at the unprecedented distance of more than 10,000 miles (16,000 km). Using shortwave radio, messages could be sent by telegraph between the two locations.[17]

April 9, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

April 10, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Ballet Mécanique, composed by George Antheil, was given its American premiere at Carnegie Hall, and booed and hissed by the crowd. Combining classical music with the sounds of machinery (including factory whistles, elevated trains, canning machinery, and airplanes), but no dancers, the ballet had debuted in Paris on June 19, 1926, and was not performed again for more than sixty years.[23]
  • Born: Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American geneticist and 1968 Nobel Prize laureate, in New York City (d.2010)

April 11, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

April 12, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 13, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 14, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

April 15, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

April 16, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

April 17, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

April 18, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • Armed robbers near Limón in Mexico's Jalisco state, stopped a passenger train that was en route from Guadalajara to Mexico City, shot anyone who resisted, and then set fire to the wooden cars. More than 150 people died in the holdup.[37]
  • Chiang Kai-shek declared himself to be Chairman of the National Government Committee President of China, with a capital at Nanjing. The other government continued to function at Beijing.[38]
  • Born:

April 19, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 20, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 21, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

April 22, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

  • In the biggest disaster relief effort to that time, U.S. President Calvin Coolidge announced the formation of a committee to aid flood victims through the American Red Cross. "The Government is giving such aid as lies within its power," Coolidge stated, supplying boats and tents for refugees, but added that "the burden of caring for the homeless" was that of the Red Cross. "For so great a task additional funds must be obtained immediately," Coolidge urged the public to make "generous contributions" to the Red Cross. The government spent $10 million on relief, while the Red Cross collected $17.5 million in cash and $6 million in supplies to take care of 600,000 flood victims.[43]

April 23, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Twenty-one workers were burned to death and more than one hundred were injured in an explosion and fire that destroyed the auto body plant of Briggs Manufacturing Company in Detroit. A subsequent investigation concluded that the blast had been caused by a spark that ignited nitrocellulose fumes in the process of lacquering car bodies.[44]
  • Cardiff City won the FA Cup after beating Arsenal 1–0 at Wembley Stadium before a crowd of 91,206. The winning goal was scored accidentally when Arsenal's goalie knocked the ball into the net while trying to gather it in.[45] The 52nd championship game was the first FA Cup final to be broadcast on the radio, and the only one to be won by a non-English team.[46] p
  • Born: Walter J. Karplus, Austrian-born American computer science pioneer, in Vienna

April 24, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

April 25, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • The design was chosen for the flag of Alaska as part of a contest among the territory's schoolchildren. Thirteen-year-old orphan Benny Benson, who based his design on the North Star and the Big Dipper against a dark blue field, won a $1,000 prize and a trip to Paris.[48]
  • The musical Hit the Deck premiered at the Belasco Theater, introducing Vincent Youmans's hit song "Sometimes I'm Happy". James J. Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music: Classical, Popular, and Folk (Courier Dover Publications, 2000) p515;
  • Born: Althea Gibson, American tennis player, first African-American to win the Wimbledon championship; in Silver, South Carolina
  • Died: Earle Williams, 46, American silent film actor, leading man for Vitagraph Studios

April 26, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Lieutenants Commander Noel Davis and Stanton H. Wooster, who were aspiring to win the Orteig Prize by becoming the first persons to fly an airplane from New York to Paris, were killed in a test flight of their Keystone Pathfinder monoplane. Unable to climb with its heavy fuel load, the American Legion crashed into trees while attempting a takeoff from Virginia's Langley Field.[49]

April 27, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 28, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

  • In Aba, Japan, three-year-old Chyu Kuryama was struck by a small meteorite, which was later displayed in a museum. Although she was hit in the head, she was not seriously injured. The first reported instance in the United States of a person being hit by a meteorite would be on November 30, 1954, when Mrs. E. Hulitt Hodges of Sylacuga, Alabama, would be hit by an 8-pound stone.[50]
  • The airplane Spirit of St. Louis, piloted by Charles Lindbergh, was flown for the first time, shortly after he had overseen its manufacture in accordance with his specifications. Lindbergh tested the single engine monoplane at the Dutch Flats, near San Diego. On May 20, he would use the craft in an attempt to become the first person to fly an airplane from New York to Paris.[51]
  • Died: Li Dazhao, 39, co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party, was hanged along with 19 other persons arrested at the Soviet Embassy in Beijing.[52]

April 29, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

April 30, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Another Reorganization", New York Times, April 1, 1927, p22
  2. ^ "Another 5,000 British Troops Going East", Montreal Gazette, April 4, 1927, p1
  3. ^ "Balkan Town Burning", Montreal GazetteApril 4, 1927, p1
  4. ^ Mamta Rajawat, Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India (Anmol Publications, 2004)
  5. ^ Crocker Snow, Log Book: A Pilot's Life (Brassey's, 1997) pp47-49
  6. ^ M.H. Syed, Encyclopaedia of Modern Journalism and Mass Media (Anmol Publications, 2005) p277
  7. ^ Miami Daily News, April 4, 1927, p2
  8. ^ Jim Cox, American Radio Networks: A History (McFarland, 2009) p47
  9. ^ Donald E. Davis, Southern United States: An Environmental History (ABC-CLIO, 2006) p237
  10. ^ "Italy-Hungary Treaty to be Signed Today", Los Angeles Times, April 5, 1927, p6
  11. ^ Frederic L. Kirgis, The American Society of International Law's First Century: 1906-2006 (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006)
  12. ^ "Coolidge Vetoes Filipino Plebiscite on Independence", New York Times, April 7, 1927, p1
  13. ^ "Thirteen Killed by Blast in Oil Refining Plant" Miami Daily News, April 6, 1927, p1
  14. ^ "About Webber: An overview of Webber International University"
  15. ^ Gary R. Edgerton, The Columbia History of American Television (Columbia University Press, 2009) p32; "Hoover Speaks at Public Bow of Television", St. Petersburg (FL) Times, April 8, 1927, p1
  16. ^ Ed McMahon, with David Fisher, When Television Was Young: The Inside Story with Memories by Legends of the Small Screen (Thomas Nelson Inc, 2007) pp13-14; "Far-Off Speakers Seen As Well As Heard Here in First Test of Television", New York Times April 8, 1927, p1
  17. ^ Bernard Harte, When Radio Was the Cat's Whiskers (Rosenberg, 2002) p193; "Beam Wireless to Open", Montreal Gazette, April 6, 1927, p18; "England-Australia Wireless Beam Service Now Sends 200 Words a Minute Both Ways", New York Times, April 8, 1927, p3
  18. ^ Branko M. Lazić and Milorad M. Drachkov, Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern (Hoover Press, 1986) p264
  19. ^ "Sacco-Vanzetti Doomed to Die", Pittsburgh Press, April 9, 1927, p1
  20. ^ Bruce Watson, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Men, the Murders, and the Judgment of Mankind (Viking Press, 2007), p178
  21. ^ APBR.org; "Brooklyn Celtics Win World Cage Title", San Antonio Light, April 10, 1927, p32
  22. ^ Andrew Kantar, Black November: The Carl D. Bradley Tragedy (MSU Press, 2006) p16
  23. ^ Gilbert Chase, America's Music, from the Pilgrims to the Present (University of Illinois Press, 1992) p452; Townsend Ludington, A Modern Mosaic: Art and Modernism in the United States (UNC Press, 2000) p176-178
  24. ^ Peter Berresford Ellis, Eyewitness to Irish History (John Wiley and Sons, 2007) p260
  25. ^ Parks M. Coble, Jr., The Shanghai Capitalists and the Nationalist Government, 1927-1937 (Harvard East Asian Monographs, 1986) p30
  26. ^ Frederic E. Wakeman, Policing Shanghai, 1927-1937 (University of California Press, 1996) pp123
  27. ^ Wenqian Gao (translated by Peter Rand and Lawrence R. Sullivan), Zhou Enlai: The Last Perfect Revolutionary (PublicAffairs, 2007) p55-57
  28. ^ Mike Cox, Texas Disasters: True Stories of Tragedy and Survival (Globe Pequot Press, 2006) pp 99-108; "More than 125 Lives Taken in Texas Tornado", Montreal Gazette, April 13, 1927, p1 "62 Known Dead After Tornado Destroys Town" Gettysburg Times, April 13, 1927, p1
  29. ^ Mario Paz, International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering: Codes, Programs, and Examples (Springer, 1994) 65; "More Than 25 Persons Killed in Earthquake" Montreal Gazette, April 15, 1927, p1
  30. ^ Ari Kelman, A River and Its City: The Nature of Landscape in New Orleans (University of California Press, 2003) p160; "Mississippi's Flood Stage Sets Record", Schenectady Gazette, April 16, 1927, p1
  31. ^ Thomas Valone, Electrogravitics II: Validating Reports on a New Propulsion Methodology(Integrity Research Institute, 2000) p29
  32. ^ George S. Pabis, Daily Life along the Mississippi (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007) p176; Over 27,000 square miles (70,000 km2) in seven states flooded; at least 246 killed Bob Freitag, et al., Floodplain Management: A New Approach for a New Era (Island Press, 2009) p3
  33. ^ "Fall Hurts Four Noted Air Pilots", Sarasota (FL) Herald, April 17, 1927, p1
  34. ^ Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, as told to Peter Seewald, Salt of the Earth: The Church at the End of the Millennium (Ignatius Press, 1997) p43
  35. ^ Herbert P. Bix, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan (HarperCollins, 2001) p184;
  36. ^ Joseph Rothschild, East Central Europe between the Two World Wars (University of Washington Press, 1974) p228
  37. ^ "More Than 150 Slaughtered in Bandit Outrage", Montreal Gazette, April 21, 1927, p1 ; "Bandit Outrage Survivors Tell of Train Attack" Miami Daily News, April 21, 1927, pA-21
  38. ^ William C. Kirby, State and economy in Republican China: a handbook for scholars, Volume 1 (Harvard University Asia Center, 2000) p61
  39. ^ "Boston Marathon", in Historical Dictionary of Track and Field, by Peter Matthews (Scarecrow Press, 2012) p40
  40. ^ "Mae West Now Wielding Mop While in Jail", Sarasota Herald, April 20, 1927, p1; Paul D. Buchanan, American Women's Rights Movement: A Chronology of Events and of Opportunities from 1600 to 2008 (Branden Books, 2009) p153
  41. ^ "Tanaka to Become Japanese Premier", Montreal Gazette, April 19, 1927, p2
  42. ^ Anuradha Mathur and Dilip da Cunha, Mississippi Floods: Designing a Shifting Landscape By (Yale University Press, 2001) p51 "The Levee Break at Mounds Landing", "Fatal Flood", pbs.org
  43. ^ David A. Moss, When All Else Fails: Government as the Ultimate Risk Manager (Harvard University Press, 2004) p258; "Coolidge Asks Nation for $5,000,000 Fund to Aid 75,000 Flood Refugees", New York Times, April 23, 1927, p1
  44. ^ Robert W. Dunn, Labor and Automobiles (International Publishers, 1929, reprinted by READ BOOKS, 2008) p138 "20 DEAD, 100 HURT IN EXPLOSION", Miami Daily News, April 23, 1927
  45. ^ "King and 90,000 See Welsh Eleven Win", New York Times, April 24, 1927, pV-1
  46. ^ Doug Lennox, Now You Know Soccer (Dundurn Press Ltd., 2009)
  47. ^ Robert Jackson Alexander, International Trotskyism, 1929-1985: A Documented Analysis of the Movement (Duke University Press, 1991) p206
  48. ^ "Alaska to Have Flag", Montreal Gazette, April 26, 1927, p1
  49. ^ "U.S. TRANS-ATLANTIC PLANE CRASHES, TWO PERISH", Ottawa Evening Citizen, April 26, 1927, p1; Tom D. Crouch, Wings: A History of Aviation from Kites to the Space Age (W. W. Norton & Company, 2004) pp255-256
  50. ^ "Dark Time", by Richard Preston, reprinted in Galileo's Commandment: 2,500 Years of Great Science Writing (Macmillan, 1999) p465; "The Aba, Japan, Aerolite: A Recent Meteoritic Fall that Injured a Human Being", by Issei Yamamoto, reprinted in Popular Astronomy Vol. LIX (1951) pp430-431
  51. ^ Leonard Mosley, Lindbergh: A Biography (Courier Dover Publications, 2000) p82
  52. ^ "Great Brutality in Red Execution", Montreal Gazette, April 30, 1927, p1
  53. ^ Craig E. Colten, Transforming New Orleans and Its Environs: Centuries of Change (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000) pp113-117; "State Orders Levee Cut to Save New Orleans", Los Angeles Times, April 27, 1927, p1
  54. ^ "91 Miners Lose Lives in Everittsville Pits", Atlanta Constitution, May 2, 1927, p1; "The Disaster of April 30, 1927"
  55. ^ Tom Ogden, Haunted Hollywood: Tinseltown Terrors, Filmdom Phantoms, and Movieland Mayhem (Globe Pequot, 2009) p98
  56. ^ Lawrence M. Friedman, Crime and Punishment in American History (Basic Books, 1994) p428
  57. ^ Tino Balio, The American Film Industry(University of Wisconsin Press, 1985) p244