April 1966

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The following events occurred in April 1966:

April 1, 1966 (Friday)[edit]

  • General Pham Xuan Chieu, a member of South Vietnam's 10-man military junta who was appearing as an emissary of Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyễn Cao Kỳ to seek popular support, was surrounded by a mob of 1,000 students and Buddhist activists as he arrived at city government offices. The group then held him captive, transported him around the city in a cycle rickshaw, forced him to make a speech at the local radio station, and then released him unharmed.[1][2]
  • At the Communist Party Congress, Soviet Defense Minister Rodion Y. Malinovsky made a cryptic reference to "the blue belt" of national defense, then discussed recently constructed intercontinental ballistic missiles and nuclear submarines, along with other weapons that could destroy "any planes and many rockets of the adversary".[3]
  • Born: Chris Evans, English radio presenter, in Warrington
  • Died: Brian O'Nolan, 54, Irish humorist who wrote under the pen names "Flann O'Brien" and "Myles na Gopaleen", of throat cancer[4]

April 2, 1966 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Ten thousand protesters (including 2,000 South Vietnamese soldiers and sailors in uniform) marched through the streets of Da Nang in South Vietnam and denounced both the United States and the South Vietnamese government of Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky.[5] Da Nang Mayor Nguyen Van Man, who had allowed protesters free use of city offices, motor vehicles and printing facilities, was accused of treason by Ky, who said that he planned to have Man executed by a firing squad.[6]
  • On his fourth day in office, Ecuador's new President, Clemente Yerovi, announced that he was cancelling a presidential election that had been scheduled for July.[7]
  • Died: C. S. Forester (Cecil Louis Troughton Smith), 66, English adventure novelist

April 3, 1966 (Sunday)[edit]

  • At 18:44 UTC (9:44 p.m. in Moscow), the Soviet lunar probe Luna 10 became the first man-made object to orbit the Moon.[8] Luna 10 would make a complete trip around the Moon every three hours and would transmit signals back to earth until May 30.[9][10][11]
  • A North Sea gale ran the British passenger ship Anzio aground at Donna Nook, Lincolnshire, near the mouth of the Humber River and was demolished. The ship, which had recently been purchased and was en route from London to Inverness to be delivered to its new owners, was occupied only by its skipper, Adam Fotheringham and twelve other crewmembers, and there were no survivors.[12][13][14] The bodies of ten men, all wearing life jackets but killed after being battered by debris and the rocks, washed ashore on the beach [15] while three men (including Captain Fotheringham, were presumed to have gone down with the ship.[16]
  • Died: Battista Farina, 72, Italian car designer

April 4, 1966 (Monday)[edit]

April 5, 1966 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The first Congressional hearing about unidentified flying objects (UFOs) was convened in Washington, before the House Armed Services Committee, chaired by U.S. Representative L. Mendel Rivers of South Carolina.[23] The request for the Congressional investigation had been made by House Republican leader (and future U.S. President) Gerald R. Ford of Michigan.[24]
  • The International Convention on Load Lines was signed in London, UK.[25][26]
  • The final original episode of Dr Kildare was broadcast on NBC television. In its final season, the popular show had been moved from one hour on Thursday nights, to half-hour programs shown on Monday and Tuesday "with disastrous results" [27] and was canceled after poor ratings.[28]
  • Soviet Union Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin said in a speech to the 23rd Communist Party Congress that the nation would begin measuring economic success by profits rather than by achievement of production target quantities. Starting in 1967, Kosygin said, nearly one-third of factory workers would be eligible for incentive bonuses, and asked the Party Congress to approve a new Five Year Economic Plan implementing the changes.[29]

April 6, 1966 (Wednesday)[edit]

April 7, 1966 (Thursday)[edit]

  • After an 80-day operation, the United States finally recovered the hydrogen bomb that had been lost off of the coast of Spain in the Mediterranean Sea. After being raised from the sea by a winch, the bomb was loaded onto the rescue ship USS Petrel and shipped back to the United States.[35][36]
  • Test pilot Robert G. Ferry landed a Hughes OH-6A Pawnee helicopter in Ormond Beach, Florida after flying 2,213.1 miles from Culver City, California without refueling, to set the record for the longest non-stop helicopter flight.[37][38]
  • Police in Japan arrested Dr. Mitsuru Suzuki at the Chiba University Hospital, where he was employed as a bacteriologist. Between December 25, 1964, and March 15, 1966, Dr. Suzuki had deliberately infected 200 people— four of them fatally— including many of his co-workers, with various diseases from bacteria that he had placed into food. Over a period of 15 months, he laced a sponge cake with dysentery; and medicines, shellfish, a cake, bananas, and bottles of a soft drink with typhoid. Suzuki was prosecuted for 66 cases of infecting people, but not for any of the deaths. [39]
  • The United Kingdom asked the United Nations Security Council for authority to use force to stop the Joanna V, an oil tanker that anchored outside the harborwas loading petroleum at a port in Portuguese East Africa (now Mozambique) and preparing to violate the United Nations embargo against Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) [40]

April 8, 1966 (Friday)[edit]

  • Leonid Brezhnev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since he taking over leadership from Nikita Khrushchev in 1964, was unanimously elected by the Party's Central Committee as the party's leader, now referred to as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In addition, the 12-man Presidium of the CPSU was renamed the Politburo, and its roster was changed to 11 members. The last of the "old Bolsheviks" in the Kremlin hierarchy, 70-year old Anastas Mikoyan and 78-year old Nikolai Shvernik were allowed to retire, and Shvernik was replaced by newcomer Arvid Ya. Pelshe. The other ten members of the Politburo were Brezhnev, Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, party ideologist Mikhail Suslov, Russian Federation premier Gennady Voronov, Russian first deputy premiers Kiril Mazurov and Dmitry Polyansky, and Ukraine Party First Secretary Pyotr Shelest.[41]
  • All 494 people on board the Norwegian cruise ship Viking Princess were saved from a fire that swept through the luxury ocean liner while it was sailing in the Caribbean Sea between Aruba and Curaçao, although three of the passengers died of heart attacks during their escape. "It's funny the way the passengers all stuck together," a passenger would later say, "It was a very peculiar thing. No shouting or screaming." The ship's captain, Otto Thoresen, said that it took the passengers only ten minutes to enter lifeboats after the 'abandon ship' order was given. At the time, the closest ship, the German vessel Cap Norte, was still 90 minutes away.[42]
  • In one of the most controversial covers of TIME Magazine, the national newsweekly's cover for Good Friday, 1966, was had a black background and, in bold red letters, the question "Is God Dead?" [43]
  • NASA launched its first Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, OAO-1, with detection instruments that would measure stellar ultraviolet radiation without the interference that ground-based telescopes faced on Earth. Unfortunately, the spacecraft's batteries were depleted two days after the launch, after a high-voltage arc when powering up the trackers.[44]
  • The terrorist group Fatah caused its first death in Israel when an Israeli farmer was killed by a land mine that had been placed by members who had sneaked across the border with Syria.[45] After more mine casualties, Israel would launch air strikes against Syria and in June, would take the first strike against its Arab neighbors in the Six Day War.
  • The last poll tax in the United States was outlawed when a three-judge panel of the Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals voided the requirement in Mississippi, in accordance with the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections. Since 1890, a registered voter had to present receipts showing payment of the poll tax for the two preceding Januarys before being allowed to cast a vote in a Mississippi election.[46] Ostensibly, the law had been justified as a fundraiser for the "common school fund", but the poll tax accounted for only 0.43% of Mississippi's education revenues.[47] As a practical matter, the poll tax was a deterrent to participation by low income Southerners, and most African-Americans. Earlier in the year, similar decisions had outlawed the taxes in Texas, Alabama and Virginia.
  • Two boys, aged 13 and 12, who ran away from their homes in Fayetteville, North Carolina, sneaked on to a railroad box car and then found themselves locked inside for the next 13 days. The sealed car was carrying a cargo of nearly empty beer bottles to the Schlitz Brewing Company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and for nearly two weeks, they survived by drinking small amounts of stale beer, until April 21, when they arrived in Milwaukee and workmen at the brewing company heard their cries for help.[48]
  • The Norwegian cargo ship Stavfjord collided with the Cuban ship Oriente 16 nautical miles (30 km) north of Ameland, Netherlands. Both ships sank, but all crew rescued by the Dutch ship Luden.[49]
  • Born: Robin Wright, American actress, in Dallas

April 9, 1966 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The United Nations Security Council adopted its Resolution 221 by a 10-0 vote, with five abstentions, authorizing the United Kingdom to use military force to enforce a U.N. embargo against Southern Rhodesia. Two permanent members, the Soviet Union and France, abstained, but did not veto the British sponsored resolution. The vote authorized the Royal Navy to halt the Greek oil tanker Joanna V, already at anchor outside the Portuguese Mozambique port of Beira, from going any further and unloading its petroleum cargo for delivery through a pipeline to Rhodesia.[50] and to stop the incoming ship Manuela from sailing into Beira.[51]
  • Died: Sutan Sjahrir, 56, Indonesia independence leader and that nation's first Prime Minister; and Barry Butler, 31, English footballer, in a car accident[52]

April 10, 1966 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Royal Navy, acting under the authorization of the UN Security Council, boarded the oil tanker Manuela and directed it not to continue toward Beira. Over the next two years, the Navy would stop 29 more ships in order to prevent Rhodesia from getting oil through its pipeline from Mozambique.[53]
  • The Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party approved a directive that disapproved of almost all of the literary and artistic works that had been created since the 1949 founding of the People's Republic, on the ground that they reflected an "anti-party and anti-socialist black line... that combines bourgeois literary theory and modern revisionis literary theory" that was contrary to the thought of Chairman Mao. The ruling, sent out nationwide, made criminal suspects of China's artists and writers during the Cultural Revolution.[54]
  • New Jersey became the first U.S. state to create a Public Defender's Office to pay for free criminal defense for anyone charged with a crime and unable to afford a provate attorney.[55]
  • The march of grape farm workers from Delano, California came to a conclusion after 250 miles and 25 days as the original group of 65 was joined by thousands of supporters at the State Capitol building at Sacramento, where union leader Cesar Chavez announced the successful negotiation of a favorable contract between the National Farm Workers Association and Schenley Industries.[56]
  • Died: Evelyn Waugh (Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh), 62, British writer of novels, biographies and travel books

April 11, 1966 (Monday)[edit]

  • The inaugural Singapore Grand Prix motor race was won by Lee Han Seng of Singapore. The race would be discontinued after 1973, but revived thirty-five years later in 2008.
  • Emmett Ashford made his debut as the first African-American Major League Baseball umpire, appearing in Washington, D.C. at third base in the Washington Senators' season opening game against the Cleveland Indians. Cleveland won, 5-2, before a record Washington baseball crowd of 44,468.[57]
  • The conservative newsweekly U. S. News and World Report became the first American news magazine to analogize the Vietnam War as a "stalemate" with neither side likely to defeat the other. Newsweek would not use the term until December 19, and TIME not until June 30, 1967.[58]
  • Sandoz Pharmaceuticals, the only licensed distributor in the United States of LSD discontinued all further American sales of the hallucinogenic drug. According to a spokesman, Sandoz had "released it only to highly qualified clinical investigators", but voluntarily quit due to "unforseen public reaction".[59]
  • Born: Lisa Stansfield, English singer, in Manchester
  • Died: Chris Soumokil, 60, South Moluccan separatist leader who fought against the government of Indonesia, was executed in an Indonesian prison. On April 25, 1950, he had proclaimed the "Republic of South Maluku" on several of the islands that made up the South Moluccas and named himself President, but had been arrested in 1963.[60]

April 12, 1966 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • For the first time, North Vietnam was bombed by American B-52 planes, after years of bombing runs by smaller planes. In the largest bombing mission by any nation since World War II, 29 B-52s dropped 585 tons of bombs on the Mụ Giạ Pass through the Annamese Mountain Range, in an attempt to break the supply line that was nicknamed the "Ho Chi Minh trail".[61] Although the objective was to create landslides that would close off the pass completely,[62] a reconnaissance mission the next day found that the Viet Cong guerillas had cleared the area, filled the craters in the road, and were driving their trucks through the pass once more.[63] After a second wave of intensive bombings and an equally intensive clearing of the pass, a CIA appraisal would later note that the "Communists will spare no effort to keep it open".[64]
  • Singer Jan Berry of the rock music duo Jan & Dean was seriously injured when he lost control of his Corvette automobile and crashed into a parked truck on Sunset Boulevard in Beverly Hills, California, near (but not at) the slight turn on the Boulevard that was the inspiration for the group's 1963 hit song, "Dead Man's Curve". Berry would remain in a coma for ten months and then undergo years of rehabilitation after awakening.[65][66]
  • U.S. President Johnson told France's President de Gaulle that the United States would not comply with his ultimatum to remove all American troops before April 1, 1967.[67]
  • The first reported instance of a flag burning in the course of protests against Vietnam took place in a theater in New York City, where an antiwar skit entitled LBJ was being performed.[68]
  • The trial of Egyptian dissident Sayyid Qutb began in Cairo, after his indictment on charges of conspiring to overthrow the government of President Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United Arab Republic. Qutb and two of his accused co-conspirators would be convicted and hanged on August 29.[69]
  • Died: Sir Waithilingam Duraiswamy, 91, Ceylonese lawyer, politician and speaker of the State Council of Ceylon

April 13, 1966 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the 1966 Uniform Time Act, setting a common date (the last Sunday in April) for all states in the U.S. to set their clocks forward one hour, beginning on April 29, 1967, and to set clocks forward one hour on the last Sunday in October, starting in 1967. At the time, 18 states observed daylight savings time (DST), 14 switched time zones rather than changing their clocks, and the other 18 left the option up to their local governments. Before the Uniform Act was passed, the prescribed days for changing the clocks varied across the nation; in the state of Iowa alone, there were 23 different DST periods.[70]
  • Field Marshal Abdul Salam Arif, the 45 year old President of Iraq, was killed in a helicopter crash, along with ten of his aides, after the aircraft failed during a sandstorm after their takeoff from Al-Qurnah in southern Iraq, north of the port of Basra. The dead included Interior Minister Abdul Latif Daraji and Minister of Industry Mustafa Abdullah, and the Basra district governor.[71][72] Prime Minister Abdel Rahman Bazzaz became the Acting President, pending a selection of Marshal Arif's successor.
  • One day after the Atlanta Braves played their first regular season baseball game since moving from Milwaukee (a 3-2 loss in Atlanta to the New York Mets),[73] Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Circuit Court Judge Elmer W. Roller ordered the team to return to Milwaukee by May 18, unless the National League intended to grant Milwaukee an expansion franchise in 1967. Judge Roller also fined the league, the Braves, and the other nine NL teams $5,000 apiece for violating Wisconsin's antitrust laws. Major League Baseball Commissioner William D. Eckert announced that Judge Roller's decision would be appealed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court.[74][75] The state Supreme Court would reverse Judge Roller's ruling in August.[76]
  • William Olson, a 24 year old American Peace Corps volunteer and teacher from Spencer, New York, was eaten by a crocodile while he and five other Corps members were swimming in the Baro River at Gambela, Ethiopia. Olson, whose remains were recovered only after the crocodile was killed and opened up, was the first Corps volunteer to die in Ethiopia, and the first to be killed by an animal.[77][78]
  • Died: Felix von Luckner, 84, German naval officer known during World War One as "the Sea-Devil" (Der Seeteufel). During the war, he commanded his sea raider SMS Seeadler (literally "Sea Eagle") in the capture of 16 merchant ships, with a minimum loss of enemy lives; Carlo Carrà, 85, Italian Futurist painter; and Georges Duhamel, 81, French novelist

April 14, 1966 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Lieutenant General Nguyen Van Thieu, President and leader of the military junta that ruled South Vietnam, signed a decree promising that free national elections for a civilian government would take place by September 15.[79][80]
  • The three convicted assassins of Malcolm X were each sentenced to life in prison, after having been found guilty of murdering the Black Nationalist leader at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City on February 21, 1965. "Norman 3X" Butler (later Muhammad Abdul Aziz), "Thomas 15X" Johnson (later Khalil Islam) and Thomas Hagan (aka Talmadge Hayer), all members of the Black Muslim's Nation of Islam movement, had been found guilty on March 11. Johnson had been the first to fire, cutting down Malcolm X with two blasts from a shotgun, and Hagan and Butler then completed the execution with their pistols.[81] Butler and Johnson would be paroled in 1985 and 1987, respectively, while Hagan would be released from prison after 44 years in 2010.[82][83]
  • Vatican City released the results of its 1966 census, and announced that the 108.7 acre nation had a population was 890 people inside its walls, of whom 566 were Vatican citizens. Of that 566 people, 60 were priests, 124 were other members of the clergy, 220 were members of the Swiss Guard, 162 were civilian employees and their families.[84]

April 15, 1966 (Friday)[edit]

  • An American military spokesman reported that there had already been 1,361 U.S. servicemen killed in the Vietnam War as of April 9, already more than the 1,342 that had died during the entire year of 1965. By April, according to the press release, the combat death rate for U.S. Army, Marine, Navy and Air Force personnel had was now averaging 100 people per week.[85]
  • A mob of 2,000 Indonesian Chinese protesters attacked the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Jakarta, smashing windows and doors, throwing documents into bonfires, and teraring down the PRC flag. The protesters, Indonesian citizens with Chinese ancestry, made the attack after a two-hour rally in which they pledged their loyalty to Indonesia.[86]
  • Uganda's Prime Minister Milton Obote declared himself to be the President of Uganda under the newly approved constitution of that African nation. The office had been vacant since March 2, when Dr. Obote sent the ceremonial President, Sir Edward Mutesa, into exile.[87]
  • Born: Chai Ling, Chinese women's rights activist who guided the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 while she was a student at Beijing University; in Rizhao, Shandong province

April 16, 1966 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The millennium of the founding of the nation of Poland, and the 1,000th anniversary of the date that its rulers first endorsed the Christian faither, was celebrated by both church and state in separate ceremonies at the city of Gniezno. Poland's first ruler, Mieszko the First, had received Christian baptism on Easter Sunday, April 15, 996, at the age of 26. Church ceremonies at St. Adalbert's Cathedral ended in time for Communist Party leaders to assemble at the town square for public addresses.[88]
  • After 83 years at West 39th Street and Broadway, New York City's original Metropolitan Opera House conducted its final performance before closing its doors. A standing-room-only crowd watched a five-hour performance of operatic arias by 60 different singers at "The Met". To introduce the program, the Met's general manager, Sir Rudolf Bing, summed up the move to the new location at the Lincoln Center on West 63rd Street, saying "The company goes on and will do all we can to deserve your continued support. The queen is dead. Long live the queen!" [89]
  • Italian poet Dante Alighieri was cleared of charges of conspiracy against the city of Florence, and of corruption in public office, following an eight-hour hearing convened in Arezzo by a court headed by former Court of Cassations President Ernesto Eula, and that included former Prime Minister Giovanni Leone. Dante had been sentenced to death in both 1303 and 1315 after trials in Florence, but was subsequently exiled and had passed away on September 13, 1321. The hearing was the last event in a series of celebrations of the 700th anniversary of Dante's birth.[90]
  • Chinese intellectual, poet and journalist Deng Tuo was publicly chastised by the government newspaper Beijing Daily, which revealed that he had written literary and political works that were now judged as counterrevolutionary, and listed the various pen names that he had used. More denunciations followed and on May 17, he committed suicide.[91]
  • Died: Nandalal Bose, 83, Indian painter

April 17, 1966 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Major General Abdul Rahman Arif was sworn in as the new President of Iraq, three days after the death of his younger brother and predecessor in office, Abdul Salam Arif. He would remain in office for a two years, before being overthrown by Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr on July 17, 1968.[92][93]
  • Ian Smith, the Prime Minister of Rhodesia, announced that his nation was severing the last of its ties to the United Kingdom, closing the British mission in the capital oat Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe and removing the last of its staffers at the former High Commissioner's office at the Rhodesia House.[94]
  • Wrotham transmitting station in Kent, England, became the first BBC transmitter to broadcast in stereo.
  • In one of the better known unidentified flying object (UFO) cases of the decade, two deputies with the Sheriff's office of Portage County, Ohio, Dale Spaur and W.L. Neff, were investigating a traffic accident at 5:00 a.m., when they were alerted by the dispatcher that there was an unknown object heading toward their vicinity. Spaur, a U.S. Air Force pilot during the Korean War, would say later that he saw a circular object that he estimated at 30 feet in diameter, 1,000 feet off of the ground. He and Neff then followed it for 85 miles from Atwater, Ohio, being joined by other lawmen as they crossed into Pennsylvania, before losing track of it at the town of Freedom. On the same morning, police in Benton Harbor, Michigan received reports about UFO sightings as well.[95][96] Sadly, Spaur would lose his job and his marriage, and he and the other persons involved in the chase would be ridiculed by the public.[97]

April 18, 1966 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Cultural Revolution was officially proclaimed in the People's Republic of China, with the publication of the government announcement that gave the name that would define the era of upheaval. The official People's Liberation Army daily newspaper, Jiefangjun Bao published a front page editorial with the title "Hold High the Great Red Banner of Mao Tse-tung's Thought, and Actively Participate in the Great Socialist Cultural Revolution" [98][99]
  • The first official sporting event ever played on AstroTurf, the original artificial turf made to resemble grass, took place at the Houston Astrodome in Texas.[100] Originally, the turf was installed only in the infield. Astros outfielder Jimmy Wynn would later comment, "You could already feel the difference in how quickly the ball moved when it took its first good roll or hard bounce off that surface. It occurred to me that big changes were coming." [101] The visiting Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Houston Astros in that game, 6-3.[102] The Dodgers and the Astros had previously been the first to test the turf in a preseason exhibition game on March 19.[103]
  • Bill Russell became the first African-American head coach in the National Basketball Association (NBA), when the Boston Celtics named him to the helm at the end of the regular season.[104] Russell, who would continue to play for the Celtics even while coaching them, was named after Red Auerbach decided to retire from coaching in order to spend full-time as the Celtics' general manager.[105]
  • The Sound of Music, which had already broken the record for highest grossing motion picture, earned five Oscars out of ten nominations, including the award for Best Picture at the 38th Academy Awards.[106][107][108]
  • As a counter to France's announcement that it would withdraw from NATO on July 1, West Germany's Foreign Minister Gerhard Schroeder informed his French counterpart, Maurice Couve de Murville, that the 75,000 French troops in West Germany would either have to be placed under German authority, or withdrawn.[109]
  • The government of India declared the new Paradip Port to be the nation's eighth major port. Located in the state of Odisha, Paradip was also the first major port on India's east coast.[110]

April 19, 1966 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Roberta Gibb of San Diego became the first woman to run in the Boston Marathon, though unofficially, because the foot race was officially limited to men at the time. Gibb had applied to the Amateur Athletic Association in 1965 to run for that year's Marathon, and was rejected with a letter explaining that it was "not physiologically possible for a woman" to run the distance of more than 26 miles. On the day of the 1966 race, Gibb dressed in a hooded sweatshirt and sweatpants, hid near the starting line, then jumped in with the other runners as the race began in Hopkinton.[111] Unofficially, Gibb (whose married name was Mrs. Roberta Bingay) finished in 124th place in the field of more than 500 contestants, completing the course in 3 hours, 21 minutes and 25 seconds.[112] Winning the laurels in first place was Kenji Kimihara, who, as with the finishers in second (Seiichiro Sasaki), third (Toru Terasawa) and fourth place (Hikokoaru Okabe) was from Japan.[113]
  • Ian Brady and Myra Hindley went on trial at Chester Crown Court, before Mr Justice Fenton Atkinson, for the murders of three children who had vanished between November 1963 and October 1965. They would be convicted two weeks later.[114]
  • Died: Javier Solís, 34, Mexican singer of ranchera & bolero music, from complications following routine gallbladder surgery)[115] and Väinö Tanner, 85, Finnish politician

April 20, 1966 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • President Liu Shaoqi of China first came under criticism from the Red Guards, the group of students who carried out the call from Chairman Mao Zedong to identify national enemies as part of the Cultural Revolution. President Liu was accused of being a capitalist and a member of the "bourgeois and feudal remnants" of pre-revolutionary China. As a scapegoat for China's problems, Liu would be fired, arrested and tortured before his death in 1969.[116]
  • Sixty people were killed and 122 injured when a terrorist bomb exploded at a passenger train at a railroad station in Lumding, in the Assam State in northeastern India. The Indian government attributed the blast to Naga separatists.[117] Only three days later, another bomb attack, this time in the Assamese town of Diphu, would kill 29 people.[118]
  • Born: David Filo, American billionaire, computer entrepreneur and co-founder (with Jerry Yang) of Yahoo!; in Madison, Wisconsin; and Vincent Riendeau, Canadian ice hockey player, in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec

April 21, 1966 (Thursday)[edit]

April 22, 1966 (Friday)[edit]

April 23, 1966 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The New York Herald Tribune and a more recent product of merger, the New York World-Telegram and Sun both published their final issues.[130][131] That evening, negotiations between the Newspaper Guild of New York and the Publishers Association of New York City failed and the newspaper employees walked out on strike, postponing plans for their merged company, World Journal Tribune, Inc., to publish.
  • Aerial combat in the Vietnam War entered a new phase as the North Vietnamese Air Force sent its first MiG-21 to fight against U.S. Air Force bombers. Two B-66 Destroyers were being escorted to their mission by a flight of F-4 Phantoms when the MiG-21, faster and better armed than previous North Vietnamese jets, came in behind them. Despite attempts by one of the F-4s to shoot down the MiG-21, neither side struck the other during the first mission.[132]
  • The cassock, a long black, multi-buttoned garment that had served as the standard uniform for Roman Catholic clergy in Italy, Spain and Poland for centuries, was no longer required to be worn at all times, as the dress code was eased by church. Under new rules, priests were allowed to wear "modern" suits (jacket and pants) with the clerical collar, though not while in Rome, or when performing religious duties or teaching religion in schools.[133]
  • Died: George Ohsawa (born Nyoichi Sakurazawa), 72, Japanese founder of the macrobiotic diet and philosophy

April 24, 1966 (Sunday)[edit]

April 25, 1966 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Kelud volcano in Indonesia, in East Java, erupted, sending lava and hot ash over into the surrounding area. According to the Indonesian news agency Antara, the village of Bambunan was destroyed [135] along with much of another nearby hamlet, Margomuijo.[136] The final death toll for three days of eruptions, including a larger blast on April 27, was 175 people, with another 60 missing.[137] The final toll, after the cessation of the eruption on May 7, would be 215. [138]
  • Eleven schoolchildren, mostly 7 and 8 years old, were killed by a drunken driver in Belgium in the town of Waregem-Asse while their teacher was giving them a lesson on how to safely cross the street.[139] The children had been standing on a sidewalk when a bakery truck skidded on to the curb after coming around a curve.[140] The driver, 43 year old Emile Tibeout, was later charged with manslaughter.[141]
  • The first edition of the British newspaper Morning Star (formerly the Daily Worker) was issued.[142]
  • TASS, the official Soviet news agency, reported that Asmar Salakhova of the Armenian SSR was the oldest woman in the world at the supposed age of 153 years old. Mrs. Salkhova claimed that she had been born in 1812, that she had been forced to go into exile at the age of 65 after an invasion in 1877, and that after 62 years away, when she was 137, "her dream came true" of returning home in 1949.[143]
  • Died: Maria Nikolaevna Kuznetsova, 85, Russian/Soviet opera singer and dancer

April 26, 1966 (Tuesday)[edit]

April 27, 1966 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • In the first meeting between the leader of the Roman Catholic Church and a governmental minister from any Communist nation, Pope Paul VI received Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in a private audience at the Vatican.[150][151]
  • LANSA Flight 501 crashed into the side of Mount Talaula in Peru while on a flight from Lima to Cuzco, killing all 43 passengers and six crew.[152] Subsequent investigation concluded that the pilot of the Lockheed Constellation airplane, operated by Líneas Aéreas Nacionales S. A. (LANSA), misjudged the height of the mountains, resulting in an impact while at an altitude of 12,600 feet.[153]
  • A 17-year old American girl sneaked aboard the British submarine HMS Walrus while it was docked at Baltimore. A runaway, she was discovered after the sub was four hours out to sea, saying that she had wanted to go to England, and the Walrus returned to the United States. The Royal Navy attaché to the U.S., Captain Douglas Scobe, told reporters later, "Taking one of their citizens is rather overextending our appreciation of their hospitality in Baltimore." [154]

April 28, 1966 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Battle of Sinoia: In Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), the British South Africa Police killed seven ZANLA men in combat, escalating the second Chimurenga or Rhodesian Bush War[155][156] The force of 21 men, armed with AK-47 machine guns and grenades and calling itself "The Armageddon Group", had entered Rhodesia from Zambia, then split into three groups; another group of seven reached a white-owned farm and murdered a husband and wife, marking the first of the "white farm murders" in Rhodesia.[157] The anniversary of the confrontation at Sinoia (now called Chinhoyi) is now celebrated as Chimurenga Day, marking the beginning of black liberation from the white minority government.
  • A high tension wire electrocuted 19 sugar cane workers near the city of São Simão in Brazil, and injured 25 others, when the truck they were riding in made contact with the fallen line.[158]
  • American composer Douglas Moore's stage opera Carry Nation, about the temperance crusader Carrie Nation, was performed for the first time in Lawrence, Kansas as part of the centennial celebration of the founding of the University of Kansas. It would be presented by the New York City Opera on March 28, 1968.[159]
  • Born:: John Daly, American professional golfer and 1991 PGA champion, in Carmichael, California; Too $hort (stage name for Todd Anthony Shaw), American hip-hop artist, in Los Angeles; and Ali-Reza Pahlavi, titular prince of Iran and second in line for the abolished Pahlavi family monarchy at the time of his death; in Tehran (committed suicide 2011)[160]

April 29, 1966 (Friday)[edit]

April 30, 1966 (Saturday)[edit]


  1. ^ Wiest, Andrew A. (2008). Vietnam's forgotten army: heroism and betrayal in the ARVN. New York City, New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-9410-6. , p. 59.
  2. ^ "Mob Grabs General", Chicago Tribune, April 2, 1966, p1
  3. ^ "'Blue belt' defence system reference remains unexplained", Saskatoon (Sask.) Star-Phoenix, April 2, 1966, p1
  4. ^ Ó Nualláin, Micheál (1 October 2011). "The Brother: memories of Brian". The Irish Times. Irish Times Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Assail U.S., Ky in Da Nang", Chicago Tribune, April 2, 1966, p1
  6. ^ "I Won't Flee Da Nang, Says City's Mayor", Chicago Tribune, April 4, 1966, p3
  7. ^ "President Cancels Ecuador Elections", Montreal Gazette, April 4, 1966, p2
  8. ^ David Harland, NASA's Moon Program: Paving the Way for Apollo 11 (Springer, 2010) p140
  9. ^ Wesley T. Huntress, Jr. and Mikhail Ya Marov, Soviet Robots in the Solar System: Mission Technologies and Discoveries (Springer, 2011) p158
  10. ^ Zarya - Luna 10 chronology
  11. ^ "Russia Puts Luna 10 into Moon Orbit", Chicago Tribune, April 4, 1966, p1
  12. ^ "Volunteer Crew Drowns in North Sea Gale". The Times (56597). London. 4 April 1966. col D, p. 12. 
  13. ^ "Anzi Victims' Bodies Washed Ashore". The Times (56601). London. 9 April 1966. col G, p. 5. 
  14. ^ "10 Men Killed As Gale Smashes British Vessel", Bridgeport (CT) Telegram, April 4, 1966, p1
  15. ^ "Scots Drowned as Ship Grounds", Glasgow Herald, April 4, 1966, p1
  16. ^ "Search for Anzio Bodies Continues— Crew List Shows 13 on Board", Glasgow Herald, April 5, 1966, p7
  17. ^ Colin Burgess, Moon Bound: Choosing and Preparing NASA's Lunar Astronauts (Springer, 2013) pp300-301
  18. ^ Courtney G. Brooks, et al., Chariots for Apollo: The NASA History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft to 1969 (Courier Corporation, 2012) p206
  19. ^ "U.S. Adds 19 to Moon Team", Chicago Tribune, April 5, 1966, p3
  20. ^ "The New Smyrna Beach Tornado - 11/2/97". National Weather Service Melbourne, Florida office. Archived from the original on May 7, 2009. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  21. ^ "Chinese Riot in Hong Kong", Chicago Tribune, April 7, 1966, p1
  22. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PWdkAAAAIBAJ&sjid=rnwNAAAAIBAJ&pg=2091,4260484&dq=viceregal+injured&hl=en
  23. ^ Richard M. Dolan, UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973 (Hampton Roads Publishing, 2002) pp300-301
  24. ^ "UFO Reports Don't Worry U.S. Air Force", Cumberland (MD) News, April 7, 1966, p3
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ "Load Line", in Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements by Edmund Jan Osmańczyk and Anthony Mango (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p1334
  27. ^ "Dr. Kildare Hangs Up His Smock", Newport (RI) Daily News, April 6, 1966, p21
  28. ^ "Dr. Kildare", in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present by Tim Brooks and Earle F. Marsh (Random House, 2009) p371
  29. ^ "Russia to Speed Up Adoption of Profit and Bonus Incentives", Chicago Tribune, April 6, 1966, p3
  30. ^ Philippe Margotin and Jean-Michel Guesdon, All The Songs: The Story Behind Every Beatles Release (Hachette Books, 2014)
  31. ^ Richard James Burgess, The History of Music Production (Oxford University Press, 2014) p99
  32. ^ Barry Miles, Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now (Macmillan, 1998) p291
  33. ^ Dennis Deninger, Sports on Television: The How and Why Behind What You See (Routledge, 2012) p42
  34. ^ *D. Butler and G. Butler (ed.). Twentieth Century British Political Facts 1900–2000. 
  35. ^ "Ship Carrying H-Bomb Quits Spain for U.S.", Chicago Tribune, April 10, 1966, p2
  36. ^ Charles C. Bates, et al., Geophysics in the Affairs of Man: A Personalized History of Exploration Geophysics and Its Allied Sciences of Seismology and Oceanography (Elsevier, 2013) p231
  37. ^ Craig Glenday, Guinness World Records 2013 (Random House, 2013) p225
  38. ^ "Helicopter completes record flight", Redlands (CA) Daily Facts, April 7, 1966, p1
  39. ^ W. Seth Carus, Bioterrorism and Biocrimes: The Illicit Use of Biological Agents Since 1900 (The Minerva Group, 2002) pp61-63
  40. ^ Karel Wellens, Resolutions and Statements of the United Nations Security Council: (1946-1989) ; a Thematic Guide (Martinus Nijhoff, 1990) p78
  41. ^ "Soviet Leader Gets New Title in Party", The Age (Melbourne), April 9, 1966, p3
  42. ^ "Miraculous Escape From Burning Liner", Ottawa Journal, April 9, 1966
  43. ^ Andrew S. Finstuen, Original Sin and Everyday Protestants: The Theology of Reinhold Niebuhr, Billy Graham, and Paul Tillich in an Age of Anxiety (University of North Carolina Press, 2009) p45
  44. ^ David M. Harland and Ralph Lorenz, Space Systems Failures: Disasters and Rescues of Satellites, Rocket and Space Probes (Springer, 2007) p227
  45. ^ Eric Hammel, Six Days in June: How Israel Won the 1967 Arab-Israeli War (Pacifica Military History, 2010) p11
  46. ^ "Mississippi Poll Tax Ruled Out", Lake Charles (LA) American-Press, April 9, 1966, p8
  47. ^ "Mississippi Poll Tax Hit By Judges", Pasadena (CA) Independent, April 9, 1966, p8
  48. ^ "In Boxcar 12 Days, Boys Okay", Milwaukee Journal, April 21, 1966; "Beer Dregs Keep Boys Alive On 13-Day Train Ride", Montreal Gazette, April 22, 1966, p1
  49. ^ "Cargo Ships Sink off Dutch Coast". The Times (56601). London. 9 April 1966. col C, p. 8. 
  50. ^ Leo Gross, Essays on International Law and Organization (Springer, 2014) p512
  51. ^ "U.N. VOTES OIL BLOCKADE", Chicago Tribune, April 10, 1966, p1
  52. ^ Dickinson, Jason; Brodie, John (2005). The Wednesday Boys: A Definitive Who's Who of Sheffield Wednesday Football Club 1880–2005. Sheffield: Pickard Communication. p. 54. ISBN 0-9547264-9-9. 
  53. ^ Rob McLaughlin, United Nations Naval Peace Operations in the Territorial Sea (Martinus Nijhoff, 2009) p134
  54. ^ "Summary of the Symposium Convened by Comrade Jiang Qing at the Behest of Comrade Lin Biao on the Work of Literature and Arts in Armed Forces", in Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, by Guo Jian, et al (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p302
  55. ^ John Wefing, The Life and Times of Richard J. Hughes: The Politics of Civility (Rutgers University Press, 2009) p155
  56. ^ Stuart A. Kallen, We Are Not Beasts of Burden: Cesar Chavez and the Delano Grape Strike, California, 1965-1970 (Twenty-First Century Books, 2010) p87
  57. ^ "Indians Rally in 9th to Beat Senators, 5 to 2", The Post-Standard (Syracuse, NY), April 12, 1966, p16
  58. ^ James Landers, The Weekly War: Newsmagazines and Vietnam (University of Missouri Press, 2004) p177
  59. ^ "Company Ends Sales of Hallucinatory Drug", Milwaukee Journal, April 14, 1966, p4
  60. ^ Mary Kate Simmons, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization: Yearbook, 1995 (Kluwer Law International, 1997) pp119-120
  61. ^ "B-52s IN FIRST N. VIET RAID— Airforts Blast Pass in Ho Chi Minh Trail", Chicago Tribune, April 12, 1966, p1
  62. ^ Van Staaveren, Jacob (1993). Interdiction in Southern Laos 1960-1968. Center for Air Force History. p. 135-7. ISBN 978-1-4102-2060-8.
  63. ^ Andrew Wiest, Rolling Thunder in a Gentle Land: The Vietnam War Revisited (Osprey Publishing, 2007) p217
  64. ^ "An Appraisal of the bombing of North Vietnam (through 14 May)" (PDF). CIA. 21 May 1966. 
  65. ^ Chris Epting, Led Zeppelin Crashed Here: The Rock and Roll Landmarks of North America (Santa Monica Press, 2007)p24
  66. ^ "Surf Icon Jan Berry Dies At 62", Billboard Magazine, April 10, 2004, p8
  67. ^ "U.S. Defies Troop Edict of De Gaulle", Chicago Tribune, April 13, 1966, p1
  68. ^ Michael Welch, Flag Burning: Moral Panic and the Criminalization of Protest (Transaction Publishers, 2000) p51
  69. ^ "Qutb, Sayyid", by Ellis Goldberg, in Dictionary of African Biography, Volume 4 (Oxford University Press, 2012) p155
  70. ^ David Prerau, Seize the Daylight: The Curious and Contentious Story of Daylight Saving Time (Basic Books, 2009) pp175-177
  71. ^ "President of Iraq Killed", Ottawa Journal, April 14, 1966, p1
  72. ^ "CRASH KILLS IRAQ PRESIDENT", San Mateo (CA) Times, April 14, 1966, p1
  73. ^ "Atlanta's Opener 'Unlucky 13'", Chicago Tribune, April 13, 1966, p3-1
  74. ^ "BRAVES ORDERED BACK TO MILWAUKEE", Chicago Tribune, April 14, 1966, p3-1
  75. ^ "ROLLER: EXPAND IN '67 OR BRAVES HERE IN '66", The Milwaukee Sentinel, April 14, 1966, p1
  76. ^ Ron Briley, Class at Bat, Gender on Deck and Race in the Hole: A Line-up of Essays on Twentieth Century Culture and America's Game (McFarland, 2003) p150
  77. ^ "Teacher in Peace Corps Is Victim of Crocodile", Albuquerque (NM) Journal, April 17, 1966, pC-6
  78. ^ Peter Hathaway Capstick, Death in the Long Grass: A Big Game Hunter's Adventures in the African Bush (Macmillan, 1977) p211
  79. ^ "JUNTA TO STAND DOWN— Elections for Vietnam by September", The Age (Melbourne), April 15, 1966, p1
  80. ^ "Saigon Rulers Bow to Election Demands", Milwaukee Journal, April 14, 1966, p1
  81. ^ "3 Malcolm X Killers Given Life Terms", Syracuse (NY) Post-Standard, April 15, 1966, p2
  82. ^ "All 3 of Malcolm X' Assassins are Free". HistoryOnAir.com
  83. ^ "Killer of Malcolm X Is Granted Parole", by Andy Newman and John Eligon, New York Times, March 19, 2010
  84. ^ "The Vatican Reveals Population Facts", St. Petersburg Times, April 16, 1966, p3-A
  85. ^ "U.S. Death Toll In Viet Nam Sets A Record", St. Petersburg Times, April 16, 1966, p3-A
  86. ^ "Indonesian Chinese Sack Peking's Embassy", "Montreal Gazette", April 16, 1966, p2
  87. ^ "Premier Becomes President", Glasgow Herald, April 16, 1966, p9
  88. ^ "Polish State, Church Hail Millennium", Chicago Tribune, April 17, 1966, p 5
  89. ^ "'The Queen Is Dead!' Metropolitan Opera Lowers Final Curtain in Its Old Home", Chicago Tribune, April 17, 1966, p 1
  90. ^ "Dante Cleared!: But It's A Bit Late— He Died Over 600 Years Ago", Cincinnati Enquirer, April 18, 1966, p 6
  91. ^ Timothy Cheek, Propaganda and Culture in Mao's China: Deng Tuo and the Intelligentsia (Clarendon Press, 1997) p 283
  92. ^ Harris M. Lentz, Heads of States and Governments Since 1945 (Routledge, 2014)
  93. ^ "Iraq's Leader Gets Support For Takeover", Montreal Gazette, April 18, 1966, p1
  94. ^ "Rhodesia Cuts Its Last Link With UK", The Age (Melbourne), April 18, 1966, p1
  95. ^ "Sheriff's Deputies Claim They Gave Chase To UFO", UPI report in St. Petersburg (FL) Times, April 18, 1966, p4-A
  96. ^ Richard H. Hall, The UFO Evidence: A Thirty-Year Report (Scarecrow Press, 2001) p44
  97. ^ "Weird Encounter With 'Flying Saucer' Proves Grim Turning Point in Life of Deputy Sheriff", Bridgeport (CT) Post, October 9, 1966, p1
  98. ^ Chiu-Sam Tsang, Society, Schools & Progress in China: The Commonwealth and International Library: Education and Educational Research (Elsevier, 2014) pp36-37
  99. ^ Wolfram Eberhard, A History of China (University of California Press, 1977) p348
  100. ^ Josh Leventhal, Take Me Out to the Ballpark: An Illustrated Tour of Baseball Parks Past and Present (Black Dog & Leventhal, 2011)
  101. ^ Jimmy Wynn, with Bill McCurdy, Toy Cannon: The Autobiography of Baseball's Jimmy Wynn (McFarland, 2010) p72
  102. ^ "Astros Lose to Dodgers on Nylon!", Chicago Tribune, April 19, 1966, p3-1
  103. ^ "Dodgers Win Despite Woes On New Grass", AP report in Petersburg (VA) Progress-Index, March 20, 1966, p26
  104. ^ "Black Firsts in Politics, Entertainment, Sports and Other Fields", by Lerone Bennett, Jr., in Ebony Magazine (March 1982) p133
  105. ^ "Boston Names Russell Head Coach for 1966-67 Season— Center is First Negro to Head Major Team", Chicago Tribune, April 19, 1966, p3-1
  106. ^ "Oscars To 'Music', Christie, Marvin", The Pittsburgh Press, April 19, 1966, p1
  107. ^ Charmian Carr, Forever Liesl: A Memoir of The Sound of Music (Penguin, 2001)
  108. ^ "All Time Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  109. ^ "French Force in NATO Gets Bonn's Terms", Chicago Tribune, April 19, 1966, p2
  110. ^ S. Sudalaimuthu and S. Anthony Raj, Logistics Management for International Business: Text and Cases (PHI Learning, 2009) p169
  111. ^ "Gibb, Roberta", in A to Z of American Women in Sports, by Paula Edelson (Infobase Publishing, 2014) p88
  112. ^ "She Outruns Males— Bride 124th in Marathon", Milwaukee Sentinel, April 20, 1966, p2-2
  113. ^ "Japanese Runners Sweep Boston Marathon", Montreal Gazette, April 20, 1966, p35
  114. ^ Davenport-Hines, Richard, "Hindley, Myra (1942–2002)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, retrieved 5 July 2009  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  115. ^ Ibid.
  116. ^ "Cultural Revolution", in Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture, by Dorothy Perkins (Routledge, 1999) p109
  117. ^ "Train Blast Kills 55 in East India", Milwaukee Journal, April 21, 1966, p2
  118. ^ "Second Train Explosion Hits Indian State", Odessa (TX) American, April 25, 1966, p8
  119. ^ "The Measure of a Man's Heart", LIFE Magazine, 20 May 1966. Accessed 15 April 2014
  120. ^ "Plastic Heart Put In Man's Chest", Milwaukee Sentinel, April 22, 1966, p1
  121. ^ "Man Who Lived With Artificial Heart Is Buried", Mount Vernon (IL) Register-News, April 30, 1966, p1
  122. ^ "Haile Selassie Mobbed", Pasadena (CA) Independent, April 22, 1966, p2
  123. ^ "21 April – Today in History". New Europe Issue 882. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  124. ^ Erin C. MacLeod, Visions of Zion: Ethiopians and Rastafari in the Search for the Promised Land (New York University Press, 2014) p69
  125. ^ Linda Edwards, A Brief Guide to Beliefs: Ideas, Theologies, Mysteries, and Movements (Westminster John Knox Press, 2001) p293
  126. ^ "Television and Radio Programmes", Glasgow Herald, April 21, 1966, p16
  127. ^ "81 KILLED, 17 SURVIVE ON GI TROOP PLANE", Pittsburgh Press, April 23, 1966, p1
  128. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43959. p. 4947. 21 April 1966. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
  129. ^ "Gurkha V.C. Will Fly to Britain", Glasgow Herald, April 23, 1966, p1
  130. ^ Harry Rosenfeld, From Kristallnacht to Watergate: Memoirs of a Newspaperman (State University of New York Press, Sep 15, 2013) p101
  131. ^ "Personalities" by Chuck Conconi, WashingtonPost.com, March 31, 1986
  132. ^ Marshall L. Michel III, Clashes: Air Combat Over North Vietnam, 1965-1972 (Naval Institute Press, 2007) p42
  133. ^ "Italian Priests Get Dress Rules Relaxed", Fresno (CA) Bee, April 26, 1966, p15-A
  134. ^ "Lissouba, Pascal", in Dictionary of African Biography, Volume 4 (Oxford University Press, 2012) p509
  135. ^ "Indonesian Volcano Demolishes Village", Colorado Springs (CO) Gazette-Telegraph, April 28, 1966, p1
  136. ^ "Volcano Toll 50", Ogden (UT) Standard-Examiner, April 29, 1966, p1
  137. ^ "Volcano Dead 175", Bridgeport (CT) Post, May 7, 1966, p19
  138. ^ Clive Oppenheimer, Eruptions that Shook the World (Cambridge University Press, 2011) p50
  139. ^ "Van Kills 11 Children During Road Safety Lesson", Glasgow Herald, April 26, 1966, p1
  140. ^ "Truck Skids Into Safety Class, Kills 11", Milwaukee Sentinel, April 26, 1966, p1
  141. ^ "Drunk Driver Charged With Manslaughter", Lake Charles (LA) American-Press, April 27, 1966, p1
  142. ^ Sean Coughlan, "Pressing on", BBC News Magazine, 21 March 2005. Accessed 16 April 2014
  143. ^ "Feels Fine At 153, Russian Granny Says", Pittsburgh Press, April 25, 1966, p1
  144. ^ "Munich, Sapporo Awarded Games— Montreal Loses On Second Ballot", Montreal Gazette, April 27, 1966, p19
  145. ^ "The Olympic Games and Olympic Winter Games", in Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement, by John Grasso, et al. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p lxxii
  146. ^ J. E. Peterson, Oman's Insurgencies: The Sultanate's Struggle for Supremacy (Saqi Press, 2013)
  147. ^ "Present Arms, Fire on Sultan", Chicago Tribune, April 29, 1966, p1
  148. ^ Abdel Razzaq Takriti, Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976 (Oxford University Press, 2013) pp78-80
  149. ^ "Mill Blast Fatal to 32", Syracuse (NY) Post-Standard, April 27, 1966, p1
  150. ^ O'Sullivan, John (2009). The President, the Pope, and the Prime Minister: Three Who Changed the World. Regnery Publishing. pp. 94–5. ISBN 1-59698-016-8. 
  151. ^ "Pope Paul VI Sees Gromyko in Private", Chicago Tribune, April 27, 1966, p1
  152. ^ "Report Andes Plane Crash", Chicago Tribune, April 28, 1966, p1
  153. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  154. ^ "Girl Tries to Hitch Ride on British Sub", Chicago Tribune, April 28, 1966, p1
  155. ^ Sibanda, Eliakim M. (January 2005). The Zimbabwe African People's Union 1961–87: A Political History of Insurgency in Southern Rhodesia. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa Research & Publications. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-59221-276-7. 
  156. ^ "Africans Shot Dead in Battle with Police", Glasgow Herald, April 30, 1966, p1
  157. ^ Ben Freeth, Mugabe and the White African (Lion Books, 2011) p20
  158. ^ "Fallen Wire Kills 19 Riding Truck", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 30, 1966, p1
  159. ^ "Moore, Douglas (Stuart)", in Dictionary of American Classical Composers, by Neil Butterworth (Routledge, 2013) p314
  160. ^ Yearbook of the Encyclopedia Americana - Page 37
  161. ^ "4,000 Fresh Troops Boost U.S. Viet Power to 250,000", AP report in Waukesha (WI) Daily Freeman, April 29, 1966, p1
  162. ^ "Celtics Take 8th Crown in Row, 95 to 93!", Chicago Tribune, April 30, 1966, p3-1
  163. ^ Port de Calais - Hovercraft Archived April 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 14 April 2014
  164. ^ "English Channel Hovercraft Runs Are Introduced", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, May 10, 1966, p1
  165. ^ Colin A. Ross, Satanic Ritual Abuse: Principles of Treatment (University of Toronto Press, 1995) p68
  166. ^ "Find Prince's Body in Rhine", Chicago Tribune, May 2, 1966, p10
  167. ^ "Coach Leaves Team Fortune", 'Chicago Tribune, May 7, 1966, p1