April 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 27 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Apr. 29

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 11 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For April 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 15.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • Virgin-martyr Anna Shashkina, new martyr of Yaroslavl-Rostov (1939)[9][19]

Other commemorations[edit]

  • The Miracle at Carthage (c. 610 - 641)[20][21]
  • Repose of Hieroschemamonk Dionysius (Ignat) of Kolitsou Skete, Mt. Athos (2004)[18]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "At Prusa, in Bithynia, the holy martyrs Patritius, bishop, Acatius, Menander, and Polyenus."[2]
  3. ^ "At Atino, St. Mark, who being made bishop by the blessed apostle Peter, was the first to preach the Gospel to the inhabitants of that region, and received the crown of martyrdom in the persecution of Domitian, under the governor Maximus."[2]
  4. ^ The "Great Synaxaristes" lists the following Saints and Martyrs for April 28th; however they are listed for April 29th in the Slavonic menaion:
    • Nine martyrs at Cyzicus:
      • Theognes, Rufus, Antipater, Theostichus, Arcemas, Magnus, Theodorus, Thaumasius, and Philemon
    Similarly, the "Great Synaxaristes" lists the following Saints and Martyrs for April 29th; however they are listed for April 28th in the Slavonic menaion:
    • Apostles Jason and Sosipater of the Seventy, and:
      • Virgin Martyr Cercyra
      • Martyrs Saturninus, Jakischolus (Inischolus), Faustianus, Januarius, Marsalius, Euphrasius, Mammius - the holy seven former thieves;
      • Martyrs Vitalius and his wife Valeria
      • Martyr Zenon
      • Martyr Neon
  5. ^ There is another Saint Auxibius (+102), whose feast day is on February 17.[12][13]
  6. ^ "The same day, the saints Aphrodisius, Caralippus, Agapius, and Eusebius, martyrs."[2]
  7. ^ "[Roman, Gallican and Spanish Martyrologies. Ado, Usuardus, and Notker.] "S. APHRODISIUS and his companions have met with a very remarkable fate. The Martyrologies mention Aphrodisius, Carilippus, Agapitus, Eusebius, Malina, and others, as martyrs, and some add, at Tarsus, in Cilicia. But at Béziers, in France, S. Aphrodisius is venerated on this day as the first bishop of the see; and a strange story is told of him. He is said to have been an Egyptian, who received SS. Mary, Joseph, and the infant Saviour, into his house on the occasion of the flight into Egypt. And when he heard of the miracles and death and resurrection of Christ, he was converted, and went and joined himself to the Apostles, and received the Holy Ghost along with them on the day of Pentecost. Then he was appointed bishop under S. Peter, and travelled with him. Afterwards he went with Sergius Paulus to Gaul; Sergius Paulus became first bishop of Narbonne, and Aphrodisius first bishop of Beziers, by the appointment of S. Paul, the apostle of the Gentiles. And there he suffered martyrdom with his companions, Carilippus, or Ciryppius, Agapius and Eusebius.
    But as Henschenius has shewn, this story is made up of scraps of legendary matter from various sources, of absolutely no authority. This is not all. On the strength of the place of martyrdom of these saints not being inserted in some Martyrologies, the forger of the Chronicle of Flavius Dexter in the 16th cent. set them all down as having suffered at Capana, in Portugal, in the year 76. Relying on the impudent forgery of Higuera, in 1651, De Arze Reynoso, B. of Plasencia, in whose diocese Capana was, obtained authority from the Holy See to solemnize the festival of these saints, as a double with proper office, and indulgences for forty days to all who should assist at the offices, and pray for the extirpation of heresy and peace between Christian princes. S. Aphrodisius is represented at Bourges with his head in his hands."[15]
  8. ^ By tradition he was one of four pilgrims from England - the other three were Ardwine, Bernard and Hugh - they all reposed in Gallinaro in the south of Italy. Many scholars doubt their historicity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). St. Patricius, Bishop of Prusa, in Bithynia, Martyr. The Lives of the Saints, Volume IV: April. 1866. (Bartleby.com).
  2. ^ a b c The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 119-120.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h April 28. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  4. ^ Ὁ Ὅσιος Μέμνων ὁ Θαυματουργός. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ a b April 29/May 12 Archived March 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  6. ^ Venerable Memnon the Wonderworker. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  7. ^ Οἱ Ἅγιοι ἐννέα Μάρτυρες ἐν Κυζίκῳ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Martyr Philemon at Cyzicus. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  9. ^ a b c d e May 11 / April 28. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  10. ^ Bishop Nikolai Velimirovch. The Prologue from Ohrid. April 28.
  11. ^ Ὁ Ἅγιος Αὐξίβιος Β’ Ἐπίσκοπος Σόλων τῆς Κύπρου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ St Auxibius Bishop of Soli, Cyprus. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  13. ^ Ὁ Ἅγιος Αὐξίβιος Ἐπίσκοπος Σόλων Κύπρου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ a b c Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  15. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. APHRODISIUS AND COMPANIONS, MM. (DATE UNCERTAIN.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Fourth: April. London: John C. Nimmo, 1897. p. 358-359.
  16. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 184-185.
  17. ^ Ὁ Ἅγιος Κύριλλος Ἐπίσκοπος Τούρωφ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ a b April 28/May 11 Archived March 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  19. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.32.
  20. ^ Διήγηση γενομένου θαύματος ἐν Καρθαγένῃ Βορείου Ἀφρικῆς. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ The Miracle at Carthage. Full of Grace and Truth (blog). Wednesday, April 28, 2010.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (in Russian) 11 мая (28 апреля). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (in Russian) 28 апреля (ст.ст.) 11 мая 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).