Apsheronsk

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Apsheronsk (English)
Апшеронск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Krasnodar Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Apsheronsk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Apsheronsk
Apsheronsk
Location of Apsheronsk in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: 44°28′N 39°44′E / 44.467°N 39.733°E / 44.467; 39.733Coordinates: 44°28′N 39°44′E / 44.467°N 39.733°E / 44.467; 39.733
Flag of Apsheronsk (Krasnodar krai).png
Flag
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai[1]
Administrative district Apsheronsky District[1]
Town Apsheronsk[1]
Administrative center of Apsheronsky District,[1] Town of Apsheronsk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Municipal district Apsheronsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Apsheronskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Apsheronsky Municipal District,[2] Apsheronskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 40,225 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1863[5]
Town status since 1947[citation needed]
Previous names Apsheronskaya[5]
Dialing code(s) +7 86152[citation needed]

Apsheronsk (Russian: Апшеро́нск) is a town and the administrative center of Apsheronsky District of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Pshekha River (in the Kuban's basin). Population: 40,225 (2010 Census);[3] 39,608 (2002 Census);[6] 34,505 (1989 Census);[7] 33,400 (1968).

Etymology[edit]

The name comes from Persian language word "Ab Shuran" which means "Salty Water". This is also the name of a peninsula in Republic of Azerbaijan where the capital Baku in located in Absheron peninsula.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1863 as the stanitsa of Apsheronskaya (Апшеронская).[5]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification Apsheronsk has a humid subtropical climate climate (Cfa).

There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Apsheronsk. The average annual temperature in Apsheronsk is 12.0 °C. The warmest month of the year is July with an average temperature of 22.5 °C. In January, the average temperature is 1.8 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year.

The driest month is February with 62 mm. Most precipitation falls in November and December, with an average of 94 mm. About 941 mm of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Apsheronsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
16.1
(61)
21.0
(69.8)
24.7
(76.5)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
22.9
(73.2)
17.0
(62.6)
11.6
(52.9)
7.3
(45.1)
16.3
(61.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.2
(36)
5.3
(41.5)
11.3
(52.3)
16.1
(61)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
17.8
(64)
12.4
(54.3)
7.9
(46.2)
4.0
(39.2)
12.0
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.2
(34.2)
6.6
(43.9)
11.3
(52.3)
15.1
(59.2)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
12.8
(55)
7.8
(46)
4.3
(39.7)
0.8
(33.4)
7.7
(45.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 87
(3.43)
62
(2.44)
66
(2.6)
69
(2.72)
78
(3.07)
92
(3.62)
74
(2.91)
76
(2.99)
73
(2.87)
76
(2.99)
94
(3.7)
94
(3.7)
941
(37.04)
Source: climate-data.org[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Apsheronsk serves as the administrative center of Apsheronsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated within Apsheronsky District as the Town of Apsheronsk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Apsheronsk is incorporated within Apsheronsky Municipal District as Apsheronskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's main industries are forestry and woodworking.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

The Apsheronsk narrow-gauge railway is the longest railway of its type in Russia.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #747-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 22. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Climate-data". Retrieved October 14, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №747-КЗ от 2 июля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Апшеронский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городских и сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №119, 24 июля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #747-KZ of July 2, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Apsheronsky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).