Apta (Hasidic dynasty)

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Illuminated pages from the pinkas ("minutes") books of the Mishnah Society of the Apter Rov's kloyz, Medzhybizh, circa 1840.

Apt is a Hasidic dynasty within Haredi Judaism. Its founder, Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt, popularly known as the Apter Rebbe or Apter Rov, was born in Zhmigrid, Poland in 1748 and died in Mezhbizh, Ukraine, Russian Empire in 1825.

Lineage of the Mezhbizh-Zinkov dynasty[edit]

Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt was the founder of the Apt-Mezhbizh-Zinkover Hasidic dynasty. In honor of the dynasty's founder, his descendants adopted the family name Heshel.

The males in this family took wives several different times from the family of the Ryzhiner Rebbe.

    • R. Meshulam Zusia of Zinkov (1813-1865)
        • R. Chaim Menachem of Zinkov (1837-1894)
        • R. Pinchas of Zinkov (1872-1916)
        • R. Abraham Joshua Heshel of Zinkov
        • R. Moses of Zinkov (1879-1923)
        • R. Abraham Joshua Heshel of Mezhbizh (1832-1881)
        • R. Israel Shalom Joseph of Mezhbizh (1853-1911)
        • R. Yitshak Meir of Mezhbizh-Haifa (1904-1985)
        • R. Abraham Joshua Heshel of Mezhbizh-Tarnopol (1892-1943)
        • R. Abraham Joshua Heshel of Kopyczynce (1888-1967). His daughter Chava was married to Shneur Zalman Gurary, a chassid of the last two Lubavitcher Rebbes.[1] Their son, Itche Meir Gurary, was asked by some Lubavitcher chassidim to become a Kopyczyncer Rebbe. However, he chose to remain as mashpia in Tomchei Tmimim of Montreal.
              • R. Moshe Mordechai Heshel of Kopyczynce (1914-1975) succeeded his father but died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage.
              • R. Zishe Heschel son of R. Moshe Mordechai is the current Kapishnitzer Rebbe and is a greatly respected Torah scholar with a large following. His older brother R. Isaac M. Heschel is the Rabbi of the Kapishnitzer Shul in Boro Park and has his own following of chassidim and admirers. The youngest brother, R. Avraham Y. Heschel is a lecturer and author focusing on Torah hashkofah and chizuk.
              • R. Meshulam Zusia Heschel, the youngest son of R. Abraham Joshua Heschel. His daughter, Shoshana Bluma Reizel, is married to Rabbi Nachum Dov Brayer.
              • Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Flintenstein, grandson of Reb AbrahamJoshua Heschel is currently the Kapishnitz-Yerushalayim Rebbe. He is the founder and director of the Ohev Yisrael Institutions, the world famous Machon Sifsei Tzaddikim for publishing of manuscripts and chassidic writings. He has a large following in both Israel and around the world.
        • R. Meshulam Zusia of Mezhbizh (1871-1920)
        • R. Moses Mordecai of Mezhbizh and Pelzovizna, Warsaw (1873-1916)


  1. ^ the Kapishnitzer Rebbe - Chabad Talk - Jewish Forum