Aqcha

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Aqcha
آقچه
Town
A shop in Aqcha
A shop in Aqcha
Aqcha is located in Afghanistan
Aqcha
Aqcha
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 36°54′41″N 66°11′9″E / 36.91139°N 66.18583°E / 36.91139; 66.18583Coordinates: 36°54′41″N 66°11′9″E / 36.91139°N 66.18583°E / 36.91139; 66.18583
Country  Afghanistan
Province Jowzjan Province
Elevation 283 m (928 ft)
Population [citation needed]
 • Total 50,000
Time zone UTC+4:30

Aqcha or Akcha (Persian spelling: آقچه), is a town in northern Afghanistan.[1] It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Sheberghan and 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of Mazar-i-Sharif. It serves as the center of the Aqcha District of Afghanistan's Jowzjan Province. The town is situated a few kilometers north of the main Sheberghan-Mazar-i-Sharif road called Aqyol (meaning White Road in most Turkic languages).

The population of the town is around 50,000 people.[citation needed] The majority of which consists mostly of ethnic Turkmens and Uzbeks.[2]

Aqcha is known for the traditional carpets and rugs that are made in the area. The predominant designs being the Turkmen, Bukhara and Fil Pah (Persian: فیل پا‎‎; literally: Elephant's Foot) designs.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Aqcha belonged to Bukhara, but in 1855 it was recovered by Dost Mohammed, when it became a khanate within the province of Afghan Turkestan.[3] At the beginning of the 20th century, it was protected by a mud wall and a citadel, with an estimated population of 8000 people, chiefly Uzbeks. The Khanate was small, but well watered and populous.[4]

The rivers rising in the southern mountains, which no longer reach the Amu Darya, terminate in vast swamps near Akcha, and the debris of yearly vegetation that springs up on the slopes of the southern hills is washed down into the swamps during floods.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aqcha Village...A Step Back in Time...". about-afghanistan.com. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Afghanistan: Situation in, or around, Aqcha (Jawzjan province) including predominant tribal/ethnic group and who is currently in control". Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 1 February 1999. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHoldich, Thomas Hungerford (1911). "Afghan Turkestan". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 319. 
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Akcha". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 454.