Aquarius Dwarf

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Aquarius Dwarf
Aquarius Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg
Aquarius Dwarf by HST
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Aquarius
Right ascension 20h 46m 51.8s[1]
Declination −12° 50′ 53″[1]
Redshift -141 ± 2 km/s[1]
Distance 3.2 ± 0.2 Mly (980 ± 50 kpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 14.0[1]
Type IB(s)m[1]
Apparent size (V) 2′.2 × 1′.1[1]
Notable features displays a blueshift
Other designations
DDO 210,[1] AqrDIG,[3] PGC 65367[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

The Aquarius Dwarf is a dwarf galaxy and an irregular galaxy, first catalogued in 1959 by the DDO survey. It is located within the boundaries of the constellation of Aquarius. It is a member of the Local Group of galaxies, albeit an extremely isolated one; it is one of only a few known Local Group members for which a past close approach to the Milky Way or Andromeda galaxy can be ruled out, based on its current location and velocity.

Local Group membership was firmly established only in 1999, with the derivation of a distance based on the tip of the red-giant branch method. Its distance from the Milky Way of 3.2 ±0.2 Mly (980 ±40 kpc) means that Aquarius is quite isolated in space. It is one of the least luminous Local Group galaxies to contain significant amounts of neutral hydrogen and support to ongoing star formation, although it does so only at an extremely low level.[2] Because of its large distance, the Hubble Space Telescope is required in order to study its stellar populations in detail. RR Lyrae stars have been discovered in Aquarius, indicating the existence of stars more than 10 billion years old, but the majority of its stars are much younger (median age 6.8 billion years). Among Local Group galaxies, only Leo A has a younger mean age, leading to the suggestion that delayed star formation could be correlated with galaxy isolation.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for Aquarius Dwarf. Retrieved 2007-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b van den Bergh, Sidney (April 2000). "Updated Information on the Local Group". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 112 (770): 529–536. arXiv:astro-ph/0001040free to read. Bibcode:2000PASP..112..529V. doi:10.1086/316548. 
  3. ^ "SIMBAD Astronomical Database". Results for Aquarius Dwarf. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  4. ^ Cole, Andrew; et al. (November 2014). "Delayed Star Formation in Isolated Dwarf galaxies: Hubble Space Telescope Star Formation History of the Aquarius Dwarf Irregular". The Astrophysical Journal. 795 (1): 54. arXiv:1409.1630free to read. Bibcode:2014ApJ...795...54C. doi:10.1088/0004-637X.