Colonel, 41st Ohio Infantry
|Member of the Ohio House of Representatives|
from the Wayne County district
January 6, 1896 – December 31, 1899
|Preceded by||Charles A. Weiser|
|Succeeded by||Urias F. Wells|
|Born||February 20, 1835|
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
|Died||June 5, 1910 (aged 75)|
|Resting place||Wooster Cemetery|
|Years of service||1861 1864|
Brevet Brigadier General
|Unit||41st Ohio Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aquila Wiley.|
Wiley entered Union Army service as a first lieutenant of the 16th Ohio Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to captain on May 4, 1861. He was mustered out of the volunteers on August 18, 1861. On September 19, 1861, Wiley re-enlisted as a captain in the 41st Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Wiley was promoted to major, June 22, 1861, to lieutenant colonel on December 6, 1862 and to colonel on April 15, 1863.
Wiley was wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, April 6–7, 1862. He was much more seriously wounded at the Battle of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863, resulting in his left leg being amputated. He was discharged from the volunteers on June 7, 1864. Wiley returned to the volunteer service as a captain in the Veteran Reserve Corps, March 25, 1865. He was promoted to major on April 27, 1865. He was mustered out of the volunteers on March 28, 1866.
On May 31, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Wiley for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866.
After the war, Wiley was a Democratic politician. Congressman and future president William McKinley defeated him in 1878 by a vote count of 15,489 to 14,255. Republican Allen T. Wikoff defeated him for the office of Secretary of State in 1872.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. p. 569.
- Dennis Segelquist. "Sunday, September 18, 2011: Colonel Aquila Wiley". Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- Eicher, 2001, p. 761.
- Quentin R. Skrabec (2008). William McKinley, Apostle of Protectionism. Algora Publishing. p. 73.
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