Arsk

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Arsk (in English)
Арск (Russian)
Арча (Tatar)
-  Town[1]  -
Арча, Совет мәйданы.jpg
Sovetskaya Square in Arsk
Map of Russia - Republic of Tatarstan (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia
Arsk is located in Tatarstan
Arsk
Arsk
Location of Arsk in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 56°06′N 49°53′E / 56.100°N 49.883°E / 56.100; 49.883Coordinates: 56°06′N 49°53′E / 56.100°N 49.883°E / 56.100; 49.883
Coat of Arms of Arsk (Tatarstan).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of March 2015)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administrative district Arsky District[1]
Administrative center of Arsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2014)
Municipal district Arsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Arsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Arsky Municipal District,[2] Arsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 18,114 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 13th century[citation needed]
Town status since June 27, 2008[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 422000, 422002, 422008, 422049
Arsk on Wikimedia Commons
Arsk population
2010 Census 18,114[3]
2002 Census 17,211[7]
1989 Census 13,938[8]
1979 Census 11,376[9]

Arsk (Russian: Арск; IPA: [ˈarsk]; Tatar: Cyrillic Арча, Latin Arça, [ʌrˈɕa]) is a town and the administrative center of Arsky District in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the Kazanka River, 65 kilometers (40 mi) from the republic's capital of Kazan. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 18,114.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The Tatar name of the town (Арча) can be translated as "Udmurt's" or "Udmurtian".

History[edit]

It was founded at the end of the 14th century[10] by Volga Bulgarians.[citation needed] It was the seat of Archa Darugha (a type of subdivision) during the Khanate of Kazan period. Even though the town was located in the area mostly populated by Tatars, the larger part of the darugha's population was Udmurt. It is possible that earlier population of this area was also Finnic, who later assimilated with the Tatars.

Arsk was one of the strongest forts in the khanate. In 1506, it was the site of the Battles of Arsk Field, in which Tatar forces were defeated by the Russians but later turned the tables and won one of their most significant victories in the course of the Russo-Kazan Wars.

Arsk was captured by the Russian army under Prince Vorotynsky in 1552, the same year when Kazan itself was captured. In 1606, it was rebuilt as a Russian fortress. In 1708–1796, it was the seat of Arsky Uyezd. In 1781, it was granted town status.[10] In 1918, it was taken in an anti-Bolshevik peasant rebellion. In 1920–1930, it was the administrative center of Arsky Kanton; when the kantons were abolished in 1930, it became the administrative center of the newly formed Arsky District.[10] In 1938, it was demoted in status to that of an urban-type settlement.[10] On June 27, 2008, it was granted town status again.[5]

1781 coat of arms of Arsk

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Arsk serves as the administrative center of Arsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Arsk, together with five rural localities, is incorporated within Arsky Municipal District as Arsk Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy and transportation[edit]

There are several light and food industry enterprises in the town, as well as a brick factory and a construction materials factory.[10]

The town is a station on the KazanAgryz railway.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnically, the population is 83% Tatar and 15% Russian,[10] with Mordvins, Mari, Chuvash, and Udmurts making up the remaining 2%.[citation needed]

Namesakes[edit]

The eastern part of Kazan, which had been situated out of the Arsk Gates of Kazan during Khanate's epoch, was called Arsk Field. Later, this name spread to the cemetery, now situated in Central Kazan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #7-ZRT
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Resolution #3900-III GS
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Tatarstan, p. 63

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан», в ред. Приказа №01-02/160 от 11 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Приказ Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан от 04.02.2014 №01-02/9 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан"». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan, as amended by the Order #01-02/160 of March 11, 2015 On Amending the Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan". ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №7-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Арский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №134-ЗРТ от 30 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении границ территорий муниципальных образований "город Арск" и "Наласинское сельское поселение" Арского муниципального района и внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Арский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #7-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Arsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #134-ZRT of December 30, 2014 On Changing the Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations of the "Town of Arsk" and "Nalasinskoye Rural Settlement" in Arsky Municipal District and on Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Arsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Академия наук Республики Татарстан. Институт татарской энциклопедии (1997). Населённые пункты Республики Татарстан. Краткий справочник. [Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Tatarstan. Brief Reference.location=Казань]. 
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Постановление №3900-III ГС от 27 июня 2008 г. «О преобразовании посёлка городского типа Арск Арского района Республики Татарстан». (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Resolution #3900-III GS of June 27, 2008 On the Transformation of the Urban-Type Settlement of Arsk of Arsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan. ).