Ara Darzi, Baron Darzi of Denham

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The Lord Darzi of Denham

Official portrait of Lord Darzi of Denham.jpg
Official parliamentary portrait, 2019
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health
In office
29 June 2007 – 21 July 2009
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byThe Lord Hunt of Kings Heath
Succeeded byThe Baroness Thornton
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
19 July 2007
Life Peerage
Personal details
Born
Ara Warkes Darzi

(1960-05-07) 7 May 1960 (age 61)[1]
Baghdad, Iraq
Spouse(s)The Rt Hon. The Lady Darzi of Denham
Children
  • Freddie
  • Nina
Alma materRoyal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Trinity College, Dublin
Known for
Websitewww1.imperial.ac.uk/medicine/people/a.darzi

Ara Warkes Darzi, Baron Darzi of Denham, OM, KBE, PC, FRS, FMedSci, FREng[9] (Armenian: Արա Վարդգես Դարզի; born 7 May 1960) is an Armenian-British surgeon, academic, and politician.

Lord Darzi is an academic surgeon and holds the Paul Hamlyn Chair of Surgery at Imperial College London, specialising in the field of minimally invasive and robot-assisted surgery, having pioneered many new techniques and technologies. He is co-director of the Institute of Global Health Innovation at Imperial College London. He has become strongly identified with trying to change the National Health Service (NHS)[6][7] in England and is recognised internationally as an advocate for applying innovative reforms to health systems globally.[5][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

Until resigning the whip in July 2019, Darzi sat as a Labour member of the House of Lords, but now sits as an independent peer because of his perception that Jeremy Corbyn failed to control anti-semitism within Labour.[19]

Early life and family[edit]

Darzi was born in Baghdad, Iraq to Armenian parents displaced by the 1915 Armenian genocide.[20] His family had lived in Erzurum, Ottoman Empire (now Turkey). His paternal great-grandparents, Tatyos and Elbiz Shiroian, had one daughter and four sons. Elbiz and her daughter, Arevalous (Darzi's grandmother), were the only survivors of the genocide. They fled on foot to northern Iraq with the aid of a friend of Tatyos. Darzi's father was born in Mosul and his mother was born in Baghdad.[21]

Darzi is fluent in Armenian and served as a choirboy for Armenian religious services, growing up in Baghdad .[21] He graduated from Baghdad College, but the situation in Iraq in the late 1970s led to his family's emigration. At 17, he moved to Ireland to study medicine,[22] while his parents and sister eventually settled in London. "We were refugees. We had thrived in Iraq. But it was quite clear that we had to move on again. The first Persian Gulf war was looming. I remember my father saying: 'The kids need to get out of here,'" Darzi recalled in 2015.[21]

He studied medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, obtaining the degrees of LRCP&SI MB BCh BAO in 1984, and subsequently obtained the postgraduate degree of MD at Trinity College, Dublin. He moved to the UK from Ireland in 1990 to further his career in surgery. In 1991, he was appointed as a consultant surgeon at Central Middlesex Hospital at the age of 31 and then moved to St Mary's Hospital in 1994.

His wife, Wendy, is Irish. They have two children, Freddie and Nina.

Medical career[edit]

Darzi joined Imperial College London in 1994, obtained his Professorship in 1996 and became the Chair of Surgery and Head of Department in 1998. Darzi holds the Paul Hamlyn Chair of Surgery at Imperial College London and the Institute of Cancer Research. He is also an honorary consultant surgeon at St Mary's Hospital, and the Royal Marsden Hospital. He has held many senior administrative appointments within the Faculty of Medicine at Imperial College, Research Council, Editorial Board of Scientific Journals, and medical royal colleges.

Darzi was educated in Ireland, awarded an MD from Trinity College Dublin and the fellowships of essentially all the Royal Colleges of Surgeons in the British Isles (Ireland FRCSI, England FRCS, and both Scottish Colleges FRCSEd, FRCPSG). He also holds the fellowship of the American College of Surgeons and has been elected as a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, an honorary fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and more recently a foreign associate of the Institute of Medicine. From 2005 to 2008 he was president of Bath Institute of Medical Engineering (BIME). In December 2008 he received an honorary degree (Doctor of Engineering) from the University of Bath. In 2010 he was made a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, and an honorary fellow of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence.

Darzi's main clinical and academic interest is in minimally invasive surgery and allied technologies in which he and his team are internationally recognised. He leads a team of researchers covering a wide spectrum of engineering and basic sciences research topics including Medical Image Computing, Biomedical Engineering, Clinical Safety, surgical education and training at post-graduate and undergraduate levels and Robotics. He has published more than 800 peer review papers[23] and authored, co-authored or edited several books.[11][12][14][15]

This work has received international recognition including the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Excellence in Higher and further education 2001,[24] Hamdan Award for Medical Research Excellence in 2004.[25] In 2006 Darzi and his department were awarded the Rector's Research Excellence Award for their work on surgical robots. He has also delivered many named lectures around the globe.

On 2 May 2013, Lord Darzi was elected Fellow of the Royal Society.[26]

Darzi is an enthusiastic advocate of Patient record access arguing that interested patients and carers, especially those accustomed to self-management of their condition, should take the lead in creating apps and other means of accessing records that are customised to the needs of patient groups.[27]

Political career[edit]

In December 2006 NHS London asked Darzi to "develop a strategy to meet Londoners' health needs over the next five to ten years" and so his report Healthcare for London: A Framework for Action was published on 11 July 2007.[28] Largely implemented, it recommended the development of academic health science centres and the introduction of more primary services in one place: polyclinics. The plan for moving care from hospitals to GP-led polyclinics was not successful. Nick Clegg called it "the central imposition of a polyclinic on every primary care trust, regardless of the geography, demographics and clinical needs of the area". However, his call for trauma, acute stroke and heart attack services to be centralised in specialist units succeeded and has been widely copied.[29]

He was also National Advisor in Surgery to the Department of Health. Darzi's report in this role 'Saws and Scalpels to Lasers and Robots: Clinical case for change’ (April 2007), argued for a change to the way surgery is organised to maximise patient benefits.[30]

On 29 June 2007 Darzi was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in the Department of Health in the House of Lords at the Department of Health by Prime Minister Gordon Brown. He was duly raised to the peerage on 12 July 2007 as Baron Darzi of Denham, of Gerrards Cross in the County of Buckinghamshire.[31] His appointment was a small part of a political shift by government to incorporate more talents, with historical predecessors such as the Ministry of All the Talents: however, he only lasted two years in the post.[32]

Darzi was tasked with leading a national review to plan the course of the NHS over a decade, reporting to the Prime Minister, Chancellor, and Secretary of State for Health in June 2008. He cooperated with the Department of Health to undertake the “NHS Next Stage Review”.[6]

Darzi was quoted in The Times as saying that "...This Review should be both clinically-led and evidence-based". The final report of the Review, High Quality Care for All, was published in June 2008 to considerable public and academic acclaim. The Financial Times stated that it was "the world's most ambitious attempt to raise the quality and effectiveness of an entire nation's healthcare".[33] The Lancet said that:[34]

Darzi has wisely thrown out regulation as the organising principle of the NHS. He has replaced it with quality... This cultural shift is a radical re-visioning of purpose for the NHS—away from the political command and control of processes and towards professional responsibility for clinical outcomes

Through High Quality Care for All, academics suggested that Darzi has updated traditional notions of professionalism and described a new accountability in clinical practice. Following publication, Darzi remained in his ministerial post. He was associated with the plan to develop Polyclinics in England. The plan for moving care from hospitals to GP-led polyclinics was quietly reversed when the costs became apparent, but his call for trauma, acute stroke and heart attack services to be centralised in specialist units was seen as successful and was widely copied.[29]

In June 2009, Darzi was appointed as a member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.[35] In July 2009, Darzi relinquished his post as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State. The Prime Minister praised his "outstanding contribution"[36] while The Guardian said that:[37]

Instead of waging war on the medics, as his Blairite predecessors had done, Darzi invited them to take a hand in designing their own targets and bound them into reform. He stressed the quality of care after Labour's decade-long obsession with quantity. And while the drive for private involvement continued, it took a less dogmatic turn. The NHS's morale improved, as did its public standing.

Since 2018, Darzi has been leading the National Health Service’s Accelerated Access Collaborative.[38]

Darzi resigned as a Labour peer on 9 July 2019 to sit as an independent, citing alleged tolerance of antisemitism by the party leadership.[19] Labour rejected the claims on antisemitism as "false and offensive", pointing to the extra resources put into addressing cases, the number dealt with and the low number relative to Labour's membership.[39]

Parliamentary voting record[edit]

According to parliamentary monitoring website, TheyWorkForYou, as of May 2021 Darzi's voting record shows the following trends:[40]

  • consistently against measures to prevent climate change
  • generally for more EU integration

Armenian issues[edit]

In October 2016 Darzi joined other prominent Armenians on calling the government of Armenia to adopt "new development strategies based on inclusiveness and collective action" and to create "an opportunity for the Armenian world to pivot toward a future of prosperity, to transform the post-Soviet Armenian Republic into a vibrant, modern, secure, peaceful and progressive homeland for a global nation."[41]

In November 2019, after the US House of Representatives recognized the Armenian genocide, Darzi wrote in The Guardian that he "remain[s] dismayed by the British government’s refusal to acknowledge the slaughter of an estimated 1.5 million Armenians in a wave of violence that followed the fall of the Ottoman empire." He added that it is "a source of intense pain and regret to me and my compatriots that our own government persists in denying the genocide out of fear of offending Turkey."[42]

Global health and innovation[edit]

After July 2009, Lord Darzi returned to his clinical and academic work and has expanded his involvement in global health issues. In June 2010 he was appointed Chairman of the Institute for Global Health Innovation at Imperial College, a body dedicated to improving healthcare around the world and reducing health inequalities in developed and developing countries.

In November 2010, under David Cameron, Darzi became a United Kingdom Global Ambassador for Health and Life Sciences; a role he continued until 2012.[43] In 2012 the Institute of Global Health Innovation (IGHI) hosted the inaugural Global Health Policy Summit in London, during the London 2012 Olympic Games. This event brought together global healthcare leaders, academics and industry to debate key topics on global health and included a keynote address by Prime Minister David Cameron.

In September 2013, Darzi was appointed by the Mayor of London Boris Johnson to lead a review of health and wellbeing and services in London. The London Health Commission which reported in October 2014 proposed the toughest measures seen in the UK to tackle the "obesity emergency" that leaves one in three 10-year-olds overweight or obese, including Ofsted-style ratings highlighting the best and worst schools at promoting healthy eating, and requiring chain restaurants to include "traffic light" calorie warnings on menus. He called for the Mayor to rewrite the London Plan to give borough councils greater protecting in banning takeaways from within 400m of the school gates.[44]

Also in 2013, Lord Darzi hosted the World Innovation Summit for Health in Doha, Qatar, under the Patronage of Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser al Missned and Qatar Foundation. This international event attracted more than one thousand delegates from industry, academic and the healthcare sector and world-renowned political and royal figures including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, His Royal Highness The Duke of York, Princess Lalla Salma of Morocco, HRH Princess Ghida Talal of Jordan and Princess Dina Mired of Jordan.

He has also run training courses for doctors in Armenia and helped Armenian doctors come to London for clinical training. He has also performed several laparoscopic surgeries in Yerevan, and supplied hospitals in Armenia with equipment and surgical kits.[21]

Other activities[edit]

Darzi, along with Amal Clooney, was involved in the release of two Reuters journalists, Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, from Myanmar on 7 May 2019.[45]

In 2021, Darzi commissioned a COVID-19 vaccine promotion ad for the NHS, with his friends Elton John and Michael Caine.[46]

Corporate boards[edit]

  • Evelo Biosciences, Member of the Board of Directors (since 2018)[47]
  • AbbVie, Member of the Advisory Board

Non-profit organizations[edit]

Awards and honours[edit]

In 2002, Darzi was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) for his services to medicine and surgery and subsequently was created a Life Peer on 12 July 2007, as Baron Darzi of Denham, of Gerrards Cross in the County of Buckinghamshire.[18][52] He was appointed to Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council in June 2009.[citation needed] Darzi was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2013.[53] In January 2014, Darzi was awarded the Qatari sash of Independence by the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani in recognition of his contribution to the development of Qatar's health sector.[citation needed] Darzi was named by the Health Service Journal as the 38th most influential person in the English NHS in 2015.[54] In the 2016 New Year Honours, he was awarded the Order of Merit, for services to medicine.[55][56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DARZI OF DENHAM". Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press.(subscription required)
  2. ^ Davies, P. (2010). "Darzi centres: An expensive luxury the UK can no longer afford?". BMJ. 341: c6287. doi:10.1136/bmj.c6287. PMID 21059729. S2CID 35512708.
  3. ^ Nduka, C. C.; Monson, J. R. T.; Menzies-Gow, N.; Darzi, A. (1994). "Abdominal wall metastases following laparoscopy". British Journal of Surgery. 81 (5): 648–652. doi:10.1002/bjs.1800810506. PMID 8044537. S2CID 1118718.
  4. ^ Taffinder, N. J.; McManus, I. C.; Gul, Y.; Russell, R. C. G.; Darzi, A. (1998). "Effect of sleep deprivation on surgeons' dexterity on laparoscopy simulator". The Lancet. 352 (9135): 1191. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(98)00034-8. PMID 9777838. S2CID 690832.
  5. ^ a b Aziz, O.; Constantinides, V.; Tekkis, P. P.; Athanasiou, T.; Purkayastha, S.; Paraskeva, P.; Darzi, A. W.; Heriot, A. G. (2006). "Laparoscopic Versus Open Surgery for Rectal Cancer: A Meta-Analysis". Annals of Surgical Oncology. 13 (3): 413–424. doi:10.1245/ASO.2006.05.045. PMID 16450220. S2CID 28743077.
  6. ^ a b c High Quality Care for All: Nhs Next Stage Review Final Report by Lord Darzi: Command Paper 7432 (Cm.). Stationery Office Books (TSO). 2008. ISBN 978-0-10-174322-8.
  7. ^ a b Boseley, S. (2009). "Ara Darzi: An innovative surgeon who led reforms of UK's NHS". The Lancet. 374 (9695): 1057. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61691-3. PMID 19782859. S2CID 3181645.
  8. ^ "Honours and Memberships". Imperial College London. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Darzi, Rt Hon Professor Lord Ara OM PC KBE HonFREng FRS FMedSci". Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  10. ^ Moorthy, K.; Munz, Y.; Sarker, S. K.; Darzi, A. (2003). "Objective assessment of technical skills in surgery". BMJ. 327 (7422): 1032–1037. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7422.1032. PMC 261663. PMID 14593041.
  11. ^ a b Alfred Cuschieri; Grace Pierce; Ara Darzi; Borley, Neil R.; Rowley, David T. (2003). Clinical surgery. Oxford: Blackwell Science. ISBN 0-632-06394-7.
  12. ^ a b Ara Darzi; Thanos Athanasiou; Debas, Haile T. (2010). Key Topics in Surgical Research and Methodology. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-71914-4.
  13. ^ Thanos Athanasiou; Ara Darzi (2011). Evidence Synthesis in Healthcare: A Practical Handbook for Clinicians. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-0-85729-175-2.
  14. ^ a b Ara Darzi (1996). Retroperitoneoscopy. Informa Healthcare. ISBN 1-899066-29-2.
  15. ^ a b Nduka, Charles; Ara Darzi; Talamini, Mark A.; Dunn, David (1997). Atlas of laparoscopic surgical technique. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. ISBN 0-7020-2011-7.
  16. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic
  17. ^ Interview with Lord Ara Darzi by the British Medical Journal on YouTube
  18. ^ a b Hawkes, N. (2009). "Ara Darzi resigns as health minister but remains government adviser". BMJ. 339: b2898. doi:10.1136/bmj.b2898. S2CID 71583038.
  19. ^ a b "Two Labour peers resign whip over 'anti-Semitism'". BBC News. 9 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  20. ^ Professor Patrick Chinnery. "Citation for award of the degree of Honorary Doctor of Medicine to Lord Ara Darzi by Newcastle University" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  21. ^ a b c d "Lord Ara Darzi" (PDF). Armenian Interests (355). 29 March 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  22. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/features/desert-island-discs/castaway/42d3c3a3, Ara Darzi: Desert Island Discs Castaway, first broadcast on 22 June 2008
  23. ^ "ara darzi – Google Scholar". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  24. ^ "Home". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  25. ^ Hamdan Award for Medical Research Excellence, awarded by Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum Award for Medical Sciences, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  26. ^ "- Royal Society". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  27. ^ Darzi, Ara (13 November 2014). "Only patients can unlock the potential of electronic records". Health Service Journal. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ a b "Can Lord Darzi's plan improve Londoners' health?". Guardian. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Saws and scalpels to lasers and robots advances in surgery : Department of Health – Publications".
  31. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/26287[bare URL]
  32. ^ The Independent[bare URL]
  33. ^ "NHS plans to raise quality of care". Financial Times. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  34. ^ Horton, R. (2008). "The Darzi vision: Quality, engagement, and professionalism". The Lancet. 372 (9632): 3–6. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60963-0. PMID 18603140. S2CID 28423686.
  35. ^ "Privy Council Members". Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  36. ^ "Lord Darzi resigns: full text of letters exchanged with Gordon Brown". Telegraph.co.uk. 15 July 2009. Archived from the original on 18 July 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  37. ^ "In praise of ... Ara Darzi". The Guardian. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  38. ^ New chair appointed to improve patient access to innovation in the NHS Department of Health and Social Care, press release of June 19, 2018.
  39. ^ "Ex-Labour general secretary Lord Triesman leads group of peers in quitting 'antisemitic' party". Sky News. 9 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  40. ^ "Voting record - Lord Darzi of Denham".
  41. ^ "'Global Armenians' Ad in NY Times Calls For 'Inclusive Leadership' in Armenia". Asbarez. 28 October 2016. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020.; text also available at "The Future for All Armenians Is Now". auroraprize.com. Aurora Prize for Awakening Humanity. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020.
  42. ^ Darzi, Ara (6 November 2019). "Recognising the Armenian genocide". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 December 2019.
  43. ^ "PM announces new Business Ambassadors Number 10". Archived from the original on 14 April 2011.
  44. ^ "Fast-food takeaways could be banned from opening near schools as Mayor tackles child 'obesity emergency'". Evening Standard. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  45. ^ "Myanmar Releases Pulitzer Prize-Winning Reuters Journalists". NPR. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  46. ^ "NHS enlists Elton John and Michael Caine to promote Covid vaccines". www.campaignlive.co.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  47. ^ Board of Directors Evelo Biosciences.
  48. ^ Advisory Panel Africa Research Excellence Fund (AREF) .
  49. ^ Selection Committee Aurora Prize.
  50. ^ Global Advisory Board Duke Institute for Health Innovation (DIHI).
  51. ^ "People". J-Clinic. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  52. ^ "No. 58397". The London Gazette. 19 July 2007. p. 10417.
  53. ^ "Ara Darzi". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  54. ^ "HSJ100 2015". Health Service Journal. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  55. ^ "No. 61470". The London Gazette. 13 January 2016. p. 546.
  56. ^ "New Year Honours 2016: Barbara Windsor and AP McCoy head list". BBC News. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Jones of Birmingham
Gentlemen
Baron Darzi of Denham
Followed by
The Lord Janvrin