Arab–Pakistan relations

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Flag of the Arab League
Flag of Pakistan

Pakistan–Arab relations refer to foreign relations between Pakistan and the various states of the Arab world which constitute the Arab League.


 Arab League  Pakistan
Population 400,652,486 180,440,005
Area 13,333,296 km² (5,148,048 sq mi) 881,913 km² (340,509 sq mi)
Population density 24.33/km² (63/sq mi) 214.3/km² (555/sq mi)
Capital Cairo Islamabad
Largest city Cairo – 20,439,541 Karachi – 24,300,000
Organisation and government type Regional organisation and Political union Islamic republic and Federal Parliamentary republic
Official languages Arabic Urdu
Main religions 91% Islam, 5.8% Christianity, 4% Others 95-98% Islam (80-95% Sunni, 5-20% Shi'a), 1.6% Christianity, 1.6% Hinduism, others
GDP (nominal) $1.526 trillion ($4,239 per capita) $285.525 billion ($1,410 per capita)


Pakistan has enjoyed a close and strong historical relationship with the Middle-Eastern region, particularly Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Syria, Jordan, Yemen and Lebanon. Today there are over One million Pakistanis living and working in Saudi Arabia alone, with a similar number in other Persian Gulf region countries that constitute the Arab League. These ties were put to the test when a massive earth-quake hit Pakistan's Northern Areas in 2005 with Saudi Arabia & UAE promptly dispatching critical aid, not only in terms of medicine & essential supplies but massive injunction of billions of dollars for the reconstruction of the region. Pakistan also enjoys extensive cultural & defense/military ties with most of the Arab League member states. Pakistan also has extensive trade ties with Arab League states, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE with Saudi Arabia ranking as Pakistan's second largest trading partner after the United States.[1] With such close association to the Arab League, Pakistan was also invited by Russian President, Vladimir Putin in 2006 to the First Session of the Russia-Islamic World Strategic Vision Group in 2006 in a bid to strengthen Moscow's ties with the big players in the Muslim world.

Army, Naval and Air Force cadets from many of the Arab League countries routinely enroll in training courses in Pakistan's well-recognized military academies while Pakistan Air Force pilots have flown Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian and Saudi fighter jets in both wars (1967 & 1973 against Israel) & peacetime as part of their 'foreign deployments'.[2] Units from the Pakistan Army, Navy and Air Force also serve allotted time periods in their respective fields in Saudi Arabia and UAE as instructors, maintenance crews, etc. while there are strong indications that a company of Elite Pakistani Commandos, the SSG maintains a permanent unit in Saudi Arabia to safeguard Islam's holiest sites as well as the Saudi Royal Family. Much of the United Arab Emirates Air Force and Army is made up of Pakistani military personnel.

In 2007 Pakistani President, Pervez Musharraf attended the Arab League summit held in Riyadh even though Pakistan had not yet gained 'Observer Member' status. Pakistan is currently in the stages of finalizing a Free Trade Agreement with the GCC countries, many of whom are also part of the Arab League while talks continue to grant Pakistan the 'Observer' status in the coming months. The country also has a long history of being an ardent supporter of several Arab causes, including Palestine, Iraq, Somalian crisis, etc.

There are over hundreds and thousands of Pakistanis in the Middle East, and many Arabs in Pakistan as well as Pakistani people who have historical Arabic origins.

Relations with Arab countries[edit]
















Saudi Arabia[edit]

Pakistan and Saudi Arabia maintain a historical and strategic relationship.





United Arab Emirates[edit]

There are over 1 million Pakistanis in the United Arab Emirates.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Pakistan-Saudi Arabia Ties". Middle East Progress. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Scramble". Scramble. Archived from the original on 17 December 2001. Retrieved 13 July 2014.