Arab Islamic Front of Azawad
Alone among Mali's many northern rebel groups, the FIAA drew its members mainly from north-west Mali's Hassani Arab minority, which is closely related by tribal ties, dialect and culture to the Moorish population of Mauritania and the Sahrawis of Western Sahara, Algeria and Morocco. Most other rebel groups in Mali's civil war were dominated by the north's larger population of Tuareg. On January 6, 1991, the MPLA and FIAA signed the Algeria-backed Tamanrasset Accords with the government of Mali. The accord, however, failed to prevent further conflict. In December 1991 FIAA joined the United Movements and Fronts of Azawad (MFUA), which would then sign the National Pact peace treaty.
- Mali Profile, iss.co.za Archived 2012-01-15 at the Wayback Machine..
- Togo, Theodore (2002). "The Rebellion In The North Of Mali". Peacebuilding: A Caritas Training Manual (PDF). Caritas Internationalis. pp. 232–235.
- Jean Sebastian Lecocq. That desert is our country: Tuareg rebellions and competing nationalisms in contemporary Mali (1946-1996). Universiteit van Amsterdam, (2002).
- Jean-Marc Balencie, Arnaud de La Grange. Mondes rebelles: guerres civiles et violences politiques. Michalon, (1999) ISBN 978-2-84186-091-3 p.264-5
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