Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Region of Sudan

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Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Region of Sudan
حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي - وطن في السودان
Founded 1970 (1970)
Headquarters Khartoum, Sudan
Ideology Neo-Ba'athism,
Saddamism
National affiliation National Consensus Forces
International affiliation Iraqi-led Ba'ath Party
Colors Black, Red, White and Green
National Assembly
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Council of States
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Party flag
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Region of Sudan (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي - وطن في السودان Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki - Watan fi Al-Sudan), previously known as the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Country of Sudan, is a political party in Sudan. The party is the Sudanese regional branch of the Iraqi-led Ba'ath Party in Sudan. While the branch has always been small, accounting for an estimated 1,000 members in 2003, it has been able to have a bigger impact than what its meager membership numbers would suggest, mostly due to Iraqi financing of the branch.[1]

After collaborating with the Arab nationalist Sudanese government for years, the Ba'ath Party broke off relations and became an opposition party in 1990; this would have disturbed Iraq if Sudan had not supported it during the 1991 Gulf crisis.[2] In 1990, the party was composed largely of students who had studied in Ba'athist Iraq.[3] The party, which was small in 1990, was influential in certain sectors, and was opposed to the National Islamic Front and was staunchly secularist.[3] Members have historically been torn between the Ba'ath and other secular party movements, such as the Sudanese Communist Party.[3] Because of Saddam Hussein's amicable relationship with the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation, the body ruling Sudan, the Ba'ath branch was oppressed by the authorities.[3] Later in 1990, 26 Ba'athi military officers were executed in Khartoum after a failed military coup.[1] In 2002, a group led by Mohamad Ali Jadein broke away from the branch and established the independent Sudanese Ba'ath Party, which has no affiliation with either the Iraqi or the Syrian-led Ba'ath Party.[4] The following year, after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, 80 Sudanese Ba'athists were allowed to return to Sudan under the condition that they would stay out of politics.[1]

Leaders[edit]

  • Kamal Bolad in 1989[5]
  • Taiseer Mutassir in 1990.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Return Of Sudanese Ba'athists". WikiLeaks. 30 April 2003. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Barltrop, Richard (2010). Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of Conflict Resolution in Sudan. I.B.Tauris. p. 210. ISBN 978-1-84511-977-5. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Sudan And The Arabs: Possibly Step-sisters; Certainly Not Brothers". WikiLeaks. 1 April 1990. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Wide Reactions to Jadein Group Statement by Baathists". Sudan Vision Daily. April 10, 2003. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Lain, Donald Ray (1989). Dictionary of the African Left: Parties, Movements and Groups. Dartmouth. pp. 58–60. ISBN 1-85521-014-2.