Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region
|National affiliation||March 8 Alliance|
|International affiliation||Syrian-led Ba'ath Party|
|Colors||Black, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)|
|Parliament of Lebanon||
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The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في لبنان Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Lubnan), officially the Lebanon Regional Branch, is a political party in Lebanon. It is the regional branch of the Damascus-based Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party. Fayez Shukr has been party leader since 2005 when he succeeded Sayf al-Din Ghazi who in turn succeeded Assem Qanso.
The Lebanese branch of the undivided Ba'ath Party had been formed in 1949–1950. Assem Qanso is the longest-serving secretary (leader) of the Lebanese Ba'ath Party; first from 1971 to 1989 and again from 2000 to 2005. During the Lebanese Civil War, the party had an armed militia, the Assad Battalion. The party joined forces with Kamal Jumblatt's Progressive Socialist Party in organizing the Lebanese National Movement, seeking to abolish the confessional state. The Lebanese National Movement was later superseded by the Lebanese National Resistance Front, in which the party participated. The party organized resistance against Israeli forces in Lebanon. In July 1987 it took part in forming yet another front, the Unification and Liberation Front.
The Lebanese Ba'ath Party is also militarily involved in the Syrian Civil War, and has sent militias under its control to aid Bashar al-Assad's government against the Syrian opposition. One of the party's militia commanders, Hussein Ali Rabiha from Nabatieh, was killed during the Daraa offensive (June 2017).
- Mahmoud Baydoun (1966–1969)
- Magali Nasrawin (1969–1971)
- Assem Qanso (1971–1989)
- Abdullah Al-Amin (1989–1993)
- Abdallah Chahal (1993–1996)
- Sayf al-Din Ghazi (1996–2000)
- Assem Qanso (2000–2005)
- Sayf al-Din Ghazi (2005–2006)
- Fayez Shukr (2006–present)
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- O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 149. ISBN 0-312-21593-2.
- O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 179. ISBN 0-312-21593-2.
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- "Militias of Lebanese Baath party Along with the Assad forces in the battles of Daraa". Al-Dorar Al-Shamia. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017.