Arab Socialist Movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Arab Socialist Movement
حركة الاشتراكيين العرب
Founder Akram al-Hawrani
Founded 5 January 1950 (5 January 1950)
Headquarters Damascus, Syria
Ideology Arab socialism
Arab nationalism
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation National Progressive Front
National Democratic Rally
National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change
Cabinet of Syria
1 / 35

The Arab Socialist Movement (Arabic: حركة الاشتراكيين العرب‎- Harakat Al-Ishtirakiyeen Al-'Arab) also known as Arab Socialist Party, was a political party in Syria that has split into several factions since the 1960s which continue to use the same name.


The original party traced its roots back to the 1930s radical anti-capitalist, pan-Arab group led by Akram al-Hawrani,[1] but was formally established on 5 January 1950.[citation needed] It merged with the Ba'ath Party in 1953,[2] only to withdraw again in 1963.[3] It then split into several factions:

  • One, led by Abdul-Ghani Qannout joined the Ba'ath Party-led National Progressive Front government in 1972[4][5] and has continued to support the al-Assad family's rule ever since. After Abdul-Ghani Qannout died in 2001, Ahmad al-Ahmad (died 2016) became the new secretary general; under him, the party continued its pro-government course, even during the Syrian Civil War. In course of this conflict, a member of the Arab Socialist Movement's political office, Turki Albu Hamad, formed the "Forces of the Fighters of the Tribes" militia.[3]
  • Another splinter group was led by the former officer Abdul-Ghani Ayyash (died 2010), and joined the opposition in form of the National Democratic Rally.[1]
  • One faction of Marxists, led by Akram al-Bunni, split off and formed the "National Council of Damascus Declaration for National Democratic Change", which was suppressed by the Assad government.[6]
  • Another branch has also gained legal recognition and parliamentary representation, but under the name "National Vow Movement".[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Akram al-Bunni (2013), p. 8.
  2. ^ Seale 1990, p. 65.
  3. ^ a b Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (2 April 2017). "Quwat Muqatili al-Asha'ir: Tribal Auxiliary Forces of the Military Intelligence". Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 175, 176.
  5. ^ Akram al-Bunni (2013), pp. 5, 8.
  6. ^ Akram al-Bunni (2013), p. 6.