Arab World Institute
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The Arab World Institute (abbreviated "AWI"; French: Institut du Monde Arabe, abbreviated "IMA") is an organization founded in Paris in 1980 by 18 Arab countries with France to research and disseminate information about the Arab world and its cultural and spiritual values. The Institute was established as a result of a perceived lack of representation for the Arab world in France, and seeks to provide a secular location for the promotion of Arab civilization, art, knowledge, and aesthetics. Housed within the institution are a museum, library, auditorium, restaurant, offices and meeting rooms.
The AWI is located in a building known as the Institut du Monde Arabe, the same name as the institute, on Rue des Fossés Saint Bernard in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France. Originally, a project conceived in 1973 by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. The museum was constructed between 1981 and 1987 under the presidency of French President Francois Mitterrand as part of his urban development series entitled, the "Grand Projets." The Institute promotes cooperation and exchanges between France and the Arab nations, particularly in the areas of science and technology, contributing to the understanding between the Arab world and Europe. Libya joined the institute in 1984.
The building was constructed from 1981 to 1987 and has floor space of 181,850 square feet (16,894 m2). The Architecture-Studiotogether with Jean Nouvel, won the 1981 design competition. This project is a result of funds from both the League of Arab States and the French government, with the cost of the building totaling around €230,000,000. The building acts as a buffer zone between the Jussieu Campus of Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris VI), built in large rationalist urban blocks, and the Seine. The river façade follows the curve of the waterway, reducing the hardness of a rectangular grid and offering an inviting view from the Sully Bridge. At the same time the building appears to fold itself back in the direction of the Saint-Germain-des-Prés district.
In contrast to the curved surface on the river side, the southwest façade is an uncompromisingly rectangular glass-clad curtain wall. It faces a large square public space that opens in the direction of the Île de la Cité and Notre Dame. Visible behind the glass wall, a metallic screen unfolds with moving geometric motifs. The motifs are actually 240 photo-sensitive motor-controlled apertures, or shutters, which act as a sophisticated brise soleil that automatically opens and closes to control the amount of light and heat entering the building from the sun. The mechanism creates interior spaces with filtered light — an effect often used in Islamic architecture with its climate-oriented strategies. The innovative use of technology and success of the building's design catapulted Nouvel to fame and is one of the cultural reference points of Paris.
Within the museum are objects from the Arab world ranging from before Islam through into the twentieth century. One of the main initiatives within the museum is the inclusion of special exhibitions.
- Osiris: The Submerged Mysteries of Egypt
- Voices of animals: the fables of Kalila and Dimna
- Nomadic Sculpture by Rodolphe Hammadi
- First biennial of contemporary arab photography
In popular culture
Presidents of the AWI
- Jean Basdevant (1977-1980)
- Philippe Ardant (1980-1985)
- Pierre Guidoni (1985-1986)
- Paul Carton (1986-1988)
- Edgard Pisani (1988–1995)
- Camille Cabana (1995–2002)
- Denis Bauchard (2002–2004)
- Yves Guéna (2004–2007)
- Dominique Baudis (2007-2009)
- Dominique Baudis and Bruno Levallois (2009-2011)
- Renaud Muselier and Bruno Levallois (2011-2013)
- Jack Lang (2013-)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Institut du Monde Arabe.|
- Lipstadt, Helene (1989). "Review: Les Grands Projets "Paris 1979-1989" in New York". French Politics and Society. 6: 43 – via JSTOR.
- "Institut du monde arabe". Institut du monde arabe. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
- Fitchett, Joseph (1989). "Window on the Arab World". Saudi Aramco World. 40: 20–29 – via Web.
- "Institut du Monde Arabe | Aga Khan Development Network". www.akdn.org. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
- "Exhibitions". Institut du monde arabe. 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
- Roth, Marco (October 2015). "Among the Believers". Harper's Magazine. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
- Official website (English)