Arab al-Fuqara

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Arab al-Fuqara

عرب الفقراء/الشيخ حلو
Village
Arab al-Fuqara is located in Mandatory Palestine
Arab al-Fuqara
Arab al-Fuqara
Coordinates: 32°27′08″N 34°54′21″E / 32.45222°N 34.90583°E / 32.45222; 34.90583Coordinates: 32°27′08″N 34°54′21″E / 32.45222°N 34.90583°E / 32.45222; 34.90583
Palestine grid140/206
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictHaifa
Date of depopulationApril 10, 1948[3]
Population
 (1945)
 • Total310[1][2]
Cause(s) of depopulationExpulsion by Yishuv forces
Current LocalitiesHadera

Arab al-Fuqara (Arabic: عرب الفقراء) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 10, 1948.[3] At that time, the land records of the village consisted of a total area of 2,714 Dunums, of which 2,513 were owned by Jews, and just 15 owned by Arabs, with the remainder being public lands (186 dunams).

Location[edit]

The village was located 42 km southwest of Haifa, south of Wadi al-Mafjar and northwest of Hadera, in a flat, sandy area.[5]

History[edit]

The Arab villagers were descendants of a section of the al-Balawina Bedouin tribe, whose primary territory was near Beersheba.[5] The area was generally swampy and malarial, and this limited population growth until the mid-1920s.

The gradual and legal expansion of the Jewish town Hadera reduced the free public land available to the Arab villagers, until only a thin strip of land between Hadera and Wadi al-Mafjar was retained (15 dunams),[5] where the land was considered non-cultivable.[6]

The village population in the 1945 statistics was 310, all Muslims.[1][2]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

On 6 April 1948, the Haganah implemented a new policy for the coastal plains, namely of clearing the whole area of its Arab inhabitants.[7] On 10 April, the villagers of Arab al-Fuqara, together with the villagers of Arab al-Nufay'at and Arab Zahrat al-Dumayri, were ordered to leave the area.[8]

Following the 1948 war, the area was incorporated into the State of Israel and the village's land is now part of the northwestern area of Hadera.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 13
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  3. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #180. Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ | unit_pref = dunam | area_total_dunam = 15Hadawi, 1970, total area of 2,714 dunams was divided as Arab owned 15 dunams, Jewish owned 2513 dunams, public 186 dunams
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.144
  6. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  7. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 245, note 628
  8. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 245, note 631

Bibliography[edit]

  • Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
  • Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
  • Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  • Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.

External links[edit]