Arab diaspora

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Arab diaspora
عرب المهجر
Map of the Arab Diaspora in the World.svg
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 France4-7 million[7] to 5.5[8] million people of North African (Arab or Berber) descent[9]
 United States2,097,642 [16][17]
 BrazilHighly inconsistent data regarding the number of ethnic Arabs. Some sources claim there are 15 to 21 million Arabs and descendants of Arabs.[19][20] According to research conducted by IBGE in 2008, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal, 0.9% of white Brazilian respondents said they had family origins in Western Asia. This would represent a population of about 1,900,000.[21]
 Chad1,536,000 (est.)[23]
 Belgium800,000 (600,000 from Morocco)[citation needed]
 Burkina Faso350,000[38]
 Ivory Coast300,000[40]
 Honduras275,000 [41][42]
 Ecuador250,000 [43]
 United KingdomEngland: 230,556 (2011 census)[44]
Wales: 9,989 (2011 census)[44]
Scotland: 9,366 (2011 census)[45]
 El SalvadorMore than 120,000[46][47][48][49][50]
Arabic (mother tongue), French, Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese, Malay, Filipino, Hebrew, Indonesian, Japanese, German, Turkish, Persian and other languages among others
Predominantly Islam in Europe and Asia, Christianity in the Americas, but also Druze, and irreligion[citation needed]
Related ethnic groups

Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab emigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in the Americas, Europe, Southeast Asia, and West Africa. Emigrants from Arab countries, such as Sudan and the Palestinian territories, also form significant diasporas in other Arab states.


Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of US$35.1 billion in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.[52] Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire,[53] Senegal,[54] Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.[55] Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.[citation needed]

According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry.[56] Of these 9 million Arabs, 6 million are of Lebanese ancestry,[57][58][59] making Brazil's population of Lebanese equivalent to that of Lebanon itself. However, these figures are contradicted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which is the agency responsible for official collection of statistical information in Brazil. According to the 2010 Brazilian census conducted by IBGE, there were only 12,336 Lebanese nationals living in Brazil and other Arab nationalities were so small that they were not even listed.[60] The Brazilian census does not ask about ancestry or family origin. There is a question about nationality and, according to the Brazilian law, any person born in Brazil is a Brazilian national by birth and right for any purpose, nationally or internationally - not an Arab.[61][62] The last Brazilian census to ask about family origin was conducted in 1940. At that time, 107,074 Brazilians said they had a Syrian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Iraqi or Arab father. Native Arabs were 46,105 and naturalized Brazilians were 5,447. In 1940, Brazil had 41,169,321 inhabitants, hence Arabs and their children were 0.38% of Brazil's population in 1940.[63]

Colombia,[64] Argentina, Venezuela, Mexico and Chile. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras.[65] The Palestinian community in Chile[66][67] is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry.[68]

It has been estimated that there are as many as four million Indonesians with at least partial Arab ancestry.[69] They are generally well-integrated socially with Indonesian society, and identify as Indonesians.[70] In the 2010 census, 118,886 people, amounting to 0.05% of the population, identified themselves as being of Arab ethnicity.[71]

See also[edit]




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  20. ^ Paul Amar (15 July 2014). The Middle East and Brazil: Perspectives on the New Global South. Indiana University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-253-01496-2. there are, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, more than sixteen million Arabs and descendants of Arabs in Brazil, constituting the largest community of Arabs descent outside the Middle East.
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  36. ^ Dati ISTAT 2016, counting only immigrants from the Arab world. "Cittadini stranieri in Italia - 2016".
  37. ^ "Dutch media perceived as much more biased than Arabic media – Media & Citizenship Report conducted by University of Utrecht" (PDF), Utrecht University, 10 September 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2019, retrieved 29 November 2010
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  39. ^ Mazbouh-Moussa, Randa; Ohtsuka, Keis (2017). "Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: a conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service". Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health. 7 (1): 10. doi:10.1186/s40405-017-0029-0. PMC 5725521. PMID 29250480.
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  45. ^ "Ethnic group (detailed): All people" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
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  53. ^ "Ivory Coast - The Levantine Community". Retrieved 17 September 2011.
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  61. ^ Censo Demográfico 2010
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  64. ^ Habeeb Salloum, "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico", Al Jadid, Vol. 6, no. 30 (Winter 2000).
  65. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". 27 June 1936. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
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  69. ^ The world's successful diasporas, World Business
  70. ^ Jacobsen, Frode F. (8 January 2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-day Indonesia: An Indonesia-oriented Group with an Arab Signature. Routledge. pp. 19–22. ISBN 9781134018529 – via Google Books.
  71. ^ Aris Ananta; Evi Nurvidya Arifin; M Sairi Hasbullah; Nur Budi Handayani; Agus Pramono (14 July 2015). Demography of Indonesia's Ethnicity. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 121. ISBN 978-981-4519-87-8.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]