Arab diaspora

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Arab Diaspora
العرب المغتربون
Map of the Arab Diaspora in the World.svg
Total population
According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million Arab migrants, of whom 5.8 million reside in Arab countries.
Regions with significant populations
 BrazilEstimated 15–20 million with at least partial ancestry from the Levant [1][2]
 France4-7 million[3] to 5.5[4] million people of North African (Arab or Berber) descent[5]
  • 87,227 Arab Indonesians in 2005 census (officially)[11]
  • Estimated 4–5 million of Arab and partial Arab ancestry (non-official speculations)[12]
 United States2,097,642[14]
 Chad1,536,000 (est.)[23]
 Belgium800,000 (600,000 from Morocco)[citation needed]
 Sweden377,616[citation needed]
 Burkina Faso350,000[37]
 Ivory Coast300,000[38]
 Honduras275,000 [39][40]
 Ecuador250,000 [41]
 United KingdomEngland: 230,556 (2011 census)[42]
Wales: 9,989 (2011 census)[42]
Scotland: 9,366 (2011 census)[43]
 Denmark121,000[citation needed]
 El SalvadorMore than 120,000[44][45][46][47][48]
 Japanless than 100,000[49]
 Indiaseveral thousand
Arabic (mother tongue), French, Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese, Hebrew, Indonesian, Japanese, German, Turkish, Persian and other languages among others
Predominantly Christianity in the Americas, Islam in Europe and Asia, but also Druze and irreligion, among others
Related ethnic groups

Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab emigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in Central America, South America, Europe, North America, and parts of Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa. In a more specific view, emigrants from Arab countries, such as Sudan or the Palestinian territories, also make up important national groups of their countries' diaspora in other Arab states, such as the Gulf states or Saudi Arabia.


Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of US$35.1 billion in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.[50] Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire,[51] Senegal,[52] Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.[53] Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.[citation needed]

According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry.[54] Of these 9 million Arabs, 6 million are of Lebanese ancestry,[55][56][57] making Brazil's population of Lebanese equivalent to that of Lebanon itself. However, these figures are contradicted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which is the agency responsible for official collection of statistical information in Brazil. According to the 2010 Brazilian census conducted by IBGE, there were only 12,336 Lebanese nationals living in Brazil and other Arab nationalities were so small that they were not even listed.[58] The Brazilian census does not ask about ancestry or family origin. There is a question about nationality and, according to the Brazilian law, any person born in Brazil is a Brazilian national by birth and right for any purpose, nationally or internationally - not an Arab.[59][60] The last Brazilian census to ask about family origin was conducted in 1940. At that time, 107,074 Brazilians said they had a Syrian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Iraqi or Arab father. Native Arabs were 46,105 and naturalized Brazilians were 5,447. In 1940, Brazil had 41,169,321 inhabitants, hence Arabs and their children were 0.38% of Brazil's population in 1940.[61]

Venezuela,[62] Colombia, Mexico and Chile. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras.[63] The Palestinian community in Chile[64][65] is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry.[66]

It has been estimated that there are as many as four million Indonesians with at least partial Arab ancestry.[67] They are generally well-integrated socially with Indonesian society, and identify as Indonesians.[68] In the 2010 census, 118,886 people, amounting to 0.05% of the population, identified themselves as being of Arab ethnicity.[69]

Notable people[edit]

Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include:


Engineering/Computer Science[edit]



Fashion, beauty[edit]

Film, television[edit]

Literature / theatre[edit]

Media and intellectuals[edit]


  • Salem Al Fakir (Syrian origin), Swedish singer
  • Ali B (Moroccan origin), Dutch rapper
  • Amir (Egyptian origin), Italian rapper
  • Tarak Ben Ammar (Tunisian origin), international movie producer and distributor
  • Nasri Tony Atweh (Palestinian origin), Canadian lead singer of Magic!
  • Malika Ayane (Moroccan origin), Italian singer
  • Bushido (Tunisian origin), German rapper
  • DJ Snake (Algerian origin), French DJ
  • Fredwreck (Palestinian origin), American record producer
  • Ghali (Tunisian origin), Italian rapper
  • Indila (Algerian origin), French singer
  • DJ Khaled (Palestinian origin), American DJ
  • L'Algérino (Algerian origin), French rapper
  • La Fouine (Moroccan origin), French rapper
  • Lowkey (Iraqi origin), British rapper and political activist
  • Fady Maalouf (Lebanese origin), German singer
  • Ibrahim Maalouf (Lebanese origin), French saxophonist
  • Massari (Lebanese origin), Canadian singer
  • RedOne (Moroccan origin), Swedish record producer
  • Natasja Saad (Sudanese origin), Danish rapper and reggae singer
  • Eric Saade (Palestinian Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
  • Kareem Salama (Egyptian origin), American country singer
  • Sarbel (Lebanese origin), Greek singer
  • Shakira (Lebanese origin), Colombian singer
  • Adel Tawil (Egyptian / Tunisian origin), German singer, songwriter and producer
  • Tunisiano (Tunisian origin), French rapper
  • Karl Wolf (Lebanese origin), Canadian pop star
  • Rami Yacoub (Palestinian origin), Swedish record producer
  • Zaho (Algerian origin), Canadian singer
  • Maher Zain (Lebanese origin), Swedish singer



See also[edit]




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  2. ^ Paul Amar (15 July 2014). The Middle East and Brazil: Perspectives on the New Global South. Indiana University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-253-01496-2. there are, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, more than sixteen million Arabs and descendants of Arabs in Brazil, constituting the largest community of Arabs descent outside the Middle East.
  3. ^ Crumley, Bruce (24 March 2009), "Should France Count Its Minority Population?", Time, retrieved 11 October 2014
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  5. ^ Bertet, Elsa (29 January 2008). "French-Arabs battle stereotypes". Variety. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
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  11. ^ Leo Suryadinata (2008). Ethnic Chinese in Contemporary Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 29. ISBN 978-981-230-835-1.
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  35. ^ Mazbouh-Moussa, Randa; Ohtsuka, Keis (2017). "Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: a conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service". Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health. 7 (1): 10. doi:10.1186/s40405-017-0029-0. PMC 5725521. PMID 29250480.
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  41. ^
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  55. ^ "Sleiman meets Brazilian counterpart, Lebanese community". The Daily Star. 23 April 2010.
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  66. ^ "The Arab American Institute". Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
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  68. ^ Jacobsen, Frode F. (8 January 2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-day Indonesia: An Indonesia-oriented Group with an Arab Signature. Routledge. pp. 19–22. ISBN 9781134018529 – via Google Books.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]