Arabana language

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Arabana
Arabana-Wangkangurru
Region South Australia; west side Lake Eyre to Stuart Range, Maree, Port Augusta.
Native speakers
10 (2005) to 20 (2006 census)[1]
Dialects
Arabana
Pilta-Palta
Wangkakupa
Midlaliri
Mikiri-nganha[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ard – Arabana
wgg – Wangganguru
Glottolog arab1266[3]
AIATSIS[1] L13 Arabana (cover term), L27 Wangkangurru

Arabana or Arabuna /ˈʌrəbʌnə/[4] is an Australian Aboriginal language of the Pama–Nyungan family.

The language is in steep decline, with an estimated 250 speakers according to 2004 NILS, to just 21 speakers found in the 2006 census.[5]

Geographic Distribution[edit]

Arabana is spoken at Neales River on the west side of Lake Eyre west to Stuart Range; Macumba Creek south to Coward Springs; at Oodnadatta, Lora Creek, Lake Cadibarrawirracanna, and the Peake. Their boundary with the Kokata People on the west is marked by the margin of the scarp of the western tableland near Coober Pedy.[6]

Dialects[edit]

An Arabana man making fire, c. 1904.

Arabana has three dialects: Piltapalta, which Hercus refers to as 'Arabana Proper', Wangkakupa, and Midhaliri.[7] Wangganguru was also considered a dialect.

Phonology[edit]

Most of the nasals and laterals are allophonically prestopped.[8]

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ~ bm ŋ ɲ ~ ɟɲ n̪ ~ d̪n̪ n ~ dn ɳ
Lateral ʎ ~ ɟʎ l̪ ~ d̪l̪ l ~ dl ɭ
Vibrant r
Approximant w j ɻ

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Hercus, Luise. 1994. A grammar of the Arabana-Wangkangurru language Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia: Pacific Linguistics C128. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arabana (cover term) at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  2. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxvii
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Arabana–Wangganguru". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  5. ^ "AUSTLANG". austlang.aiatsis.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-09-12. 
  6. ^ "AUSTLANG". austlang.aiatsis.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-09-12. 
  7. ^ "AUSTLANG". austlang.aiatsis.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-09-12. 
  8. ^ Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 135

External links[edit]