Peninsular Arabic

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Peninsular Arabic
Southern Arabic
Arabian Peninsula
Linguistic classification: Afro-Asiatic
Glottolog: arab1393[1]

Peninsular Arabic, or Southern Arabic, is the varieties of Arabic spoken throughout the Arabian Peninsula. This includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq and Jordan.

As this area is the homeland of the Arabic language, it is common to expect the language spoken there to be closer to Classical Arabic. This is not the case. Although these dialects may have retained archaic features such as the conservation of nunation for indeterminate nouns, they are as divergent from Classical Arabic as other dialects may be (or sometimes even more divergent).


An overview of the different Arabic varieties

The following varieties are usually noted:


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Arabian Peninsula Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.