Arabian gazelle

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Arabian gazelle
The book of antelopes (1894) Gazella arabica.png

Extinct  (1825) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Gazella
G. arabica
Binomial name
Gazella arabica

The Arabian gazelle (Gazella arabica) is a species of gazelle known from the Arabian Peninsula. Until recently, it was only known from a single lectotype specimen mistakenly thought to have been collected on the Farasan Islands in the Red Sea in 1825. A 2013 genetic study of the lectotype specimen revealed that skull and skin do not stem from the same individual but belong to two distinct lineages of the mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella), necessitating restriction of the lectotype to the skin to conserve nomenclatural stability. A later study formalized the use of Gazella arabica for the Arabian lineage of the mountain gazelle, and synonymized Gazella erlangeri with G. arabica.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2017. Gazella arabica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T117582065A88018124. Downloaded on 30 December 2018
  2. ^ Bärmann EV, Börner S, Erpenbeck D, Rössner GE, Hebel C, Wörheide G (2013). "The curious case of Gazella arabica". Mammalian Biology. 78 (3): 220–225. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2012.07.003.
  3. ^ Bärmann, E. V., Wronski, T., Lerp, H., Azanza, B., Börner, S., Erpenbeck, D., Rössner, G. E. and Wörheide, G. (2013), A morphometric and genetic framework for the genus Gazella de Blainville, 1816 (Ruminantia: Bovidae) with special focus on Arabian and Levantine mountain gazelles. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 169: 673–696. doi: 10.1111/zoj.12066

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