Arabs in Germany
|Regions with significant populations|
|Berlin, Bochum, Bonn, Bremen, Cologne, Dortmund, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Frankfurt, Gelsenkirchen, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig, Munich, Offenbach, Wuppertal|
|Majority Islam (mainly Sunni Islam, minorities Twelver Shia Islam, Alevism, Alawites, Sufism, Isma'ilism, Zaidiyyah, Ibadi) |
Christianity (mainly Syriac Orthodox Church, minorities Eastern Catholic Churches, Oriental Orthodoxy, Syriac Maronite Church, Coptic Orthodox Church)
|Related ethnic groups|
|Arabs (Arab diaspora)|
There is an estimated number of 400,000 to 500,000 people of Arab origin residing in Germany in 2013. In the following years, the numbers doubled as they are an estimated 1,000,000+ people. As of 31 December 2017, the total of people (from Arab League) reached 1,234,365. Most Arabs moved to Germany in the 1970s, partly as Gastarbeiter from Morocco, the Turkish Province of Mardin (see: Arabs in Turkey) and Tunisia. Later many come from Lebanon, and recently many came from Syria and Iraq. The majority of Arabs are refugees of the conflicts in the Middle East.
The first notable Arab-German was Emily Ruete, originally Salama bint Said, a Princess of Zanzibar who became pregnant by a German man who was her neighbor. Fearing retaliation, she eloped with him to Germany, converted to Christianity, and married him. She later published her autobiography, “Memoirs of an Arabian Princess”.
The largest concentration of Arab people in Germany, can be found in Berlin, where they make up 2%–3% (100,000 people) of the population. The percentage is significantly higher in the Berlin neighborhoods of Neukölln, Kreuzberg and Gesundbrunnen. Other significant centres of Arab populations in Germany can be found in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Frankfurt, Munich, Hanover and Hamburg. Most Arabs reside in urban areas and cities in former West-Germany. The only place in former Eastern Germany with a sizeable number of Arabs is Leipzig, where people of any Arab descent make up 0.8% of the total population (4,000 out of 522,800). Among the German districts with the highest shares of Arab migrants in 2011 were especially cities in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region (Frankfurt, Offenbach) and the Rhineland (Bonn, Düsseldorf) with large groups of Moroccan migrants.
|No||Country of birth||Population (2015)||Population (2016)||Population (2017)|
Clans involved in crime
In Berlin, clans of Arab descent have organised parallel societies in Berlin and Bremen where they sustain themselves by crime. In Berlin, 20 extended families with each having up to 500 members are established according to estimates of the police, but not all family members are involved in crime. According to the Landeskriminalamt, a third of a all court proceedings against organized crime concerns members of the clans. About half of the clan suspects had a German passport.
In January 2019, 1300 police took part in an effort against Arab crime clans in Essen, Duisburg, Bochum, Dortmund, Recklinghausen and Gelsenkirchen. It was the largest police operation in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Notable Germans of Arab descent
- Hamed Abdel-Samad, political scientist and author of Egyptian origin
- Khalid al-Maaly Arab writer and publisher of Iraqi origin
- Tarek Al-Wazir, politician of Yemeni origin
- Lamya Kaddor, scholar of Islamic studies and writer of Syrian origin
- Adel Karasholi, writer of Kurdish-Syrian origin
- Souad Mekhennet journalist and author of Moroccan-Turkish origin
- Najem Wali journalist and novelist of Iraqi origin
- Film, television, acting
- Lexi Alexander film director of Palestinian origin
- Elyas M'Barek, actor of Tunisian/Austrian origins
- Hisham Zreiq, filmmaker and visual artist of Palestinian origin
- Laith Al-Deen, pop musician of Iraqi origin
- Farid Bang rapper of Moroccan origin
- Bushido, rapper of Tunisian origin
- Tony D (rapper), rapper of Lebanese origin
- Samy Deluxe, rapper and hip hop artist of Sudanese origin
- Loco Dice, DJ and electronic music producer of Tunisian origin
- Senna Guemmour, pop singer and songwriter of Algerian-Moroccan origin
- Fady Maalouf, singer of Lebanese origin
- Massiv rapper of Palestinian origin
- Baba Saad, rapper of Lebanese origin
- Tarééc, singer of Lebanese-Palestinian origin
- Adel Tawil, singer of Egyptian-Tunisian origin
- U-cee, soul singer of Egyptian-Tunisian origin
- Mustapha Amari, football player of Algerian origin
- Mohamed Amsif footballer of Moroccan origin
- Mohammad Baghdadi, football player of Lebanese origin
- Karim Benyamina, football player of Algerian origin
- Soufian Benyamina, football player of Algerian origin
- Sofian Chahed, footballer of Tunisian origin
- Mounir Chaftar, footballer of Tunisian origin
- Adil Chihi, footballer of Moroccan origin
- Rola El-Halabi, boxer of Lebanese origin
- Rachid El Hammouchi footballer of Moroccan origin
- Rafed El-Masri, swimmer of Syrian origin
- Sami Khedira, football player of Tunisian origin
- Karo Murat, professional boxer Iraqi origin
- Murat Salar, football player of Egyptian-Turkish origin
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