Arabs in Germany

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Arabs in Germany
العرب في المانيا
Total population
1,301,745[1] (1.56%)
Regions with significant populations
Berlin, Bochum, Bonn, Bremen, Cologne, Dortmund, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Frankfurt, Gelsenkirchen, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig, Munich, Offenbach, Wuppertal
Languages
Arabic, German
Religion
Majority Islam (mainly Sunni Islam, minorities Twelver Shia Islam, Alevism, Alawites, Sufism, Isma'ilism, Zaidiyyah, Ibadi)
Christianity (mainly Syriac Orthodox Church, minorities Eastern Catholic Churches, Oriental Orthodoxy, Syriac Maronite Church, Coptic Orthodox Church)
Druze
Mandaeans
Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Arabs (Arab diaspora)

Arab Germans are German citizens of Arab descent. They form the second-largest predominantly Muslim immigrant group in Germany after the large German–Turkish community.

There is an estimated number of 400,000 to 500,000 people of Arab origin residing in Germany in 2013.[2] In the following years, the numbers doubled as they are an estimated 1,000,000+ people.[2] As of 31 December 2017, the total of people (from Arab League) reached 1,234,365.[3] and 67,380 people from the two majoritarian Arabic-speaking countries namely Chad[4] and Eritrea.[5] That means the total number of people from majoritarian Arabic-speaking countries was 1,301,745[6] on 31 December 2017. Most Arabs moved to Germany in the 1970s, partly as Gastarbeiter from Morocco, the Turkish Province of Mardin (see: Arabs in Turkey) and Tunisia. Later many come from Lebanon, and recently many came from Syria and Iraq. The majority of Arabs are refugees of the conflicts in the Middle East.

The first notable Arab-German was Emily Ruete, originally Salama bint Said, a Princess of Zanzibar who became pregnant by a German man who was her neighbor.[7] Fearing retaliation, she eloped with him to Germany, converted to Christianity, and married him. She later published her autobiography, “Memoirs of an Arabian Princess”.[8]

Geographical distribution[edit]

The largest concentration of Arab people in Germany, can be found in Berlin, where they make up 2%–3% (100,000 people) of the population. The percentage is significantly higher in the Berlin neighborhoods of Neukölln, Kreuzberg and Gesundbrunnen. Other significant centres of Arab populations in Germany can be found in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Frankfurt, Munich, Hanover and Hamburg.[2] Most Arabs reside in urban areas and cities in former West-Germany. The only place in former Eastern Germany with a sizeable number of Arabs is Leipzig, where people of any Arab descent make up 0.8% of the total population (4,000 out of 522,800).[9] Among the German districts with the highest shares of Arab migrants in 2011 were especially cities in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region (Frankfurt, Offenbach) and the Rhineland (Bonn, Düsseldorf) with large groups of Moroccan migrants.[10]

No Country of birth Population (2015)[3] Population (2016)[3][11] Population (2017)[3]
1.  Syria 366,556 637,845 698,950
2.  Iraq 136,399 227,195 237,365
3.  Morocco 72,129 75,855 75,620
4.  Eritrea 40,069[12] 59,800 66,665
5.  Lebanon 37,160 41,445 41,375
6.  Somalia 23,350 33,900 38,675
7.  Tunisia 30,696 32,900 34,140
8.  Egypt 22,979 26,915 29,600
9.  Algeria 20,505 21,320 19,845
10.  Libya 13,123 14,265 14,805
11.  Jordan 10,041 10,755 11,520
12.  Sudan 7,145 7,715 7,760
13.  Yemen 4,150 4,870 5,540
14.  Saudi Arabia 6,207 5,835 5,350
15.  Palestine 2,531 3,470 3,770
16.  UAE 3,551 4,185 3,715
17.  Kuwait 3,043 3,845 3,310
18.  Qatar 1,047 1,085 1,060
19.  Mauritania 704 750 740
20.  Chad 601[13] 705 715
21.  Oman 620 600 540
22.  Bahrain 390 435 480
23.  Djibouti 104 125 135
24.  Comoros 68 80 70
Σ 24 Total 803,168 1,215,895 1,301,745

Clans involved in crime[edit]

In Berlin, clans of Arab descent have organised parallel societies in Berlin and Bremen where they sustain themselves by crime.[14][15][16][17] In Berlin, 20 extended families with each having up to 500 members are established according to estimates of the police, but not all family members are involved in crime. According to the Landeskriminalamt, a third of a all court proceedings against organized crime concerns members of the clans. About half of the clan suspects had a German passport.[17]

Notable Germans of Arab descent[edit]

Film, television, acting
Music
Sports
Miscellaneous

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 April 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-30. Retrieved 2014-09-27.
  3. ^ a b c d "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland in den Jahren 2015 und 2016". statista (in German).
  4. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 April 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 April 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 April 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  7. ^ http://blogs.bl.uk/untoldlives/2014/05/the-runaway-princess.html
  8. ^ Women Imagine Change p. 411
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
  10. ^ "Kartenseite: Marokkaner in Deutschland - Landkreise". kartenseite.wordpress.com. 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  11. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 20 June 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  14. ^ Büscher, Wolfgang (2018-03-04). "Arabische Großfamilien: Null-Toleranz-Strategie soll kriminelle Clans zerschlagen". DIE WELT. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  15. ^ WELT (2017-12-25). "Berlin befreit Straßen von Schutzgeld-Erpressungen – „Ergeben uns nicht"". DIE WELT. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  16. ^ Behrendt, Michael (2016-04-10). "Organisiertes Verbrechen: In Berlin regieren arabische Clans". DIE WELT. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  17. ^ a b Schmalz, Alexander. "20 Großfamilien in Berlin: Clans haben die Straßen aufgeteilt". Berliner Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2018-07-21.