Arabs in Turkey
Map shows the distribution of Arabs in 1965.
|1,500,000 - 2,000,000 (2011) (Pre-Syrian Civil War Arab minority) 4,000,000 - 5,000,000 (2017) (Including Syrian refugees)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Mainly Southeastern Anatolia Region|
|Mainly Sunni Muslims and Alawites, with a Christian minority|
|Related ethnic groups|
Beside the large expat and diaspora communities in Istanbul and other larger cities, south and southeastern provinces have a significant Arab community.
Turkish Arabs are mostly Muslims living along the southeastern border with Syria and Iraq in the following provinces: Batman, Bitlis, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mardin, Muş, Siirt, Şırnak, Şanlıurfa, Mersin and Adana. The Arabs in eastern part of the border consist of many Bedouin tribes in addition to other Arabs who settled there before Turkic tribes came to Anatolia from Central Asia in the 11th century. Many of these Arabs have ties to Arabs living in Syria, especially in the city of Raqqa. The Arab society in Turkey is well integrated into the Turkish population, yet some speak Arabic in addition to Turkish. The Treaty of Lausanne ceded to Turkey large areas that belonged to Ottoman Syria, especially within Aleppo Vilayet.
Besides a significant Shafi'i sunni part, about 300.000 to 350.000 belong to Alawism however with no close connection to the Turkish variant. About 18.000 Arab Christians belong mostly to the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch.
The population of Arabs in Turkey varies according to different sources. A Turkish study estimates the Arab population to be between 1.1 and 2.4%. An earlier American estimate from 1995 puts the numbers between 800,000 and 1 million. According to Ethnologue, in 1992 there were 500,000 people with Arabic as their mother tongue in Turkey. According to a Turkish study based on a large survey in 2006, 0,7% of the total population in Turkey were ethnically Arab.
- Emine Erdoğan, wife of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, ancestry from Siirt.
- Hüseyin Çelik, politician, Arab father.
- Murat Yıldırım, actor, Arab mother.
- Murathan Mungan, author, Arab father.
- Turks in the Arab world
- Alawites in Turkey
- Hatay Province
- Arab diaspora
- Iraqis in Turkey
- Syrians in Turkey
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- Helen Chapin Metz, ed. Turkey: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1995.
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- http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/11298 The Iraqi Refugee Crisis and Turkey: a Legal Outlook
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- Ozdemir, Soner Cagaptay, Oya Aktas and Cagatay. "The Impact of Syrian Refugees on Turkey". Soner Cagaptay.
- Lahdo, Ablahad (2009). "The Arabic Dialect of Tillo in the Region of Siirt" (PDF). Uppsala Universitet, Department of African and Asian Languages.
- Christen in der islamischen Welt – Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte (APuZ 26/2008)
- Die Bevölkerungsgruppen in Istanbul (türkisch) Archived February 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
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- Die Nusairier weltweit und in der Türkei (türkisch) Archived 2011-12-17 at the Wayback Machine
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- Tu. Turkey: Languages. Accessed on 19 September 2013.
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- "Mrs Erdogan's many friends", The Economist, 12 August 2004
- Yaklaşık 5-6 milyon Türk-Kürt evliliği var, Sabah, 2010
- "Murat Yıldırım: 'Annem Arapça, babam Kürtçe konuşur'". Akşam. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Kürt değilim, kökenim Arap".
- Werner, Arnold (2000). "The Arabic dialects in the Turkish province of Hatay and the Aramaic dialects in the Syrian mountains of Qalamun: two minority languages compared". In Owens, Jonathan (ed.). Arabic as a minority language. Book Publishers. pp. 347–370.
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