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The Municipality of Aracaju
Flag of Aracaju
Official seal of Aracaju
Nickname(s): "Cajueiro dos Papagaios" ("Cashew tree of the Parrots")
""Capital Universitária Nordestina"" ("University State Capital for northeastern Brazil")
Motto: "Cidade de Todos" ("City of Everybody")
"Capital da Qualidade de vida" ("Quality of life State Capital for northeastern Brazil")
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
Location of Aracaju
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira de Sergipe.svg Sergipe
Founded 1592
Incorporated (as capital) March 17. 1855
 • Mayor João Alves Filho (DEM)
 • Total 181.857 km2 (70.215 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 641,523
 • Density 3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 49000-000
Area code(s) (+55) 79
Website Aracaju

Aracaju (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɾakaˈʒu]) is the capital of the State of Sergipe, Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country on the coast, about 350 km (217 mi) north of Salvador. According to the 2016 Census, the city has 641 523 inhabitants, which represents approximately 33% of the state population. Adding to the populations of the municipalities forming the Metropolitan area: Barra dos Coqueiros, Nossa Senhora do Socorro and São Cristóvão, the number goes to 938 550 inhabitants.

The coast of Aracaju has many unspoiled beaches, such as the ones in Santa Luzia Island, and urban beaches, such as the most famous Atalaia. These coastal neighborhoods include playgrounds, squares, football fields, volleyball and basketball courts, residential buildings, bars, nightclubs, restaurants, banks and hotels although the most populated region is placed 13 km away in downtown area.

Aracaju, one of the first cities to be planned in Brazil, was built with the intent of becoming the state capital. It was founded in 1855, as the capital of Sergipe.

Despite being the least populated northeastern capital, its location is an important strategic point while urban, economic, cultural and political center for Brazil.

It is noted as the capital with lower inequality in Brazilian Northeast, as the city with the healthiest lifestyle of the country, national example in consideration of bike paths in the projects of urban displacement and is considered nationally with lowest smoking rate among state capitals, according to the National Health Ministry.

In line to be recognized as the Quality of Life metropolis is gaining prominence innovative urban displacement system called CashewBike. The project consists in using platforms scattered throughout the city, where you can rent bicycles to practice physical activity but also as any means of clean and efficient transportation thorught out the city. In that case, it provides an important integration to main buses chains terminals and bike platforms are near to the top colleges around the city.

The city has emerged as a good choice in low-cost tourism.[1] Seen and recognized as one of the safest capitals in the Northeast region and the lowest costs of living in the country, more recently has focused its tourism business in creating quality accommodation, such as world-renowned hostels. Planned public transportation improvements were aimed at increasing the comfort and integration to the visitors users. In advance of seeking access facilities, bus lines have been performed and can be monitored in real time here

For the 2014 FIFA World Cup the city was selected as a training center for the Greek national football team. This world event strengthened bonds between two people who have traditionally simplicity and great host to its visitors. Turns out that the friendly tie for good luck paid off and the Greeks visitors achieved their success for the overcoming expectations on the World cup after slightly losing on penalties at the first time ever on round of 16 presence.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics the city hosts teams from seven countries.[2] football athletes from Japan and gymnasts and swimmers curiously mostly from many eastern European countries like Poland, Austria, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Czech Republic established the city as home-base for training. As opportunity repeating to strengthen ties between different peoples around the world, the mystic and wealth receptivity from aracajuano people have been catalyzing an intense process of internationalization for local institutions. World Idols and Belarusian Olympic champions such as Vitaly Scherbo, Inna Zhukova and Yulia Raskina are certain presences for admiration and delight of the local people. From the perspective of the Brazilian teams in its vasts Olympic sports, the city presents itself as the Brazilian national team training center for rhythmic gymnastics, whose national basis has traditionally been established at the city.

For the 2016 Summer Paralympics Games the city is accommodating athletes from Eurasian Economic Community countries such as the Kazakhstani paralympic team and the Belarus paralympic team, including paralympic swimmer champion Ihar Boki.[3]

Through recent years, the city has being invigorated by major investors from both eastern Europe (especially from Belarus[4] and Russia) and China[5] setting to be a key city on the Brics relations worldwide as well as a 'Mercocity' (adopted from Mercosur).


Antiga Cadeia Publica in 1907

Although the first contact of the Portuguese in Sergipe was here, the first and most important city of that place which would be a province in the future was São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher), which became a city in 1590 as the fourth founded city in Brazil and was capital of Sergipe from 1823 to 1855. In the mid-19th century, there was a sudden need for a purpose-built harbor and administrative centers, and the core of modern Aracaju was constructed overnight, becoming the province capital in 1855, and after 1889 the state capital. In 1910, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aracaju.

Unlike the other Brazilian capitals that were planned and built in the 19th century, Aracaju is known throughout the country for its modern look, several festivals, and pre-carnival feast. Oil wealth, sugar cane cultivation, and more recently tourism continue to stimulate its growing economy. Colonial towns, such as Laranjeiras and São Cristóvão, are only a short bus ride away (Adapted from The Rough Guide to Brazil (2000), UK).



The climate is hot and humid. The average annual temperature is 26 °C and average annual rainfall of 1695 mm.[6]

The warmest months Aracaju experiences are: January, February and March, with temperatures averaging 27 °C,[7] while the average highs are 30 °C[8] and the minimum is 24 °C.[9] The coldest are July and August, with temperatures averaging 24 °C,[7] with a mean maximum not exceeding 28 °C,[8] and at night the temperature drops to 22 °C.[9] But it may happen that the temperature gets warmer in winter and cooler in summer, as in 2002.

Aracaju experiences its wettest months between March and July, owing to the strong wind created by lower temperatures in the South and Southeast. During this period, the average amount of rainfall exceeds 200 mm per month. Between those months, the rainiest is May, where it rains about 334 mm. The driest months, between September and February, see the winds weakening and only really managing to bring light clouds. There is also less rain. The driest month is November, when it rains about 52 mm. The average rainfall between these months is approximately between 50 mm and 100 mm.[6]

Climate data for Aracaju (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
Average low °C (°F) 24.3
Record low °C (°F) 20.5
Average rainfall mm (inches) 77.9
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 7 9 13 15 17 18 16 13 10 5 5 5 133
Average relative humidity (%) 78.1 76.6 78 79.6 77.6 77.3 78.2 78.2 78.1 78.7 78.8 79 78.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 264.1 224.3 234.1 210.6 205 176.7 200.7 221.9 218.5 250.6 262.9 251.6 2,721
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]


Sergipe river.

Aracaju lies in tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1,700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients.


The economy is based on services and industry.

The GDP for the city was R$13.918.124 (2013).[14]

Commercial markets[edit]

Aracaju has a downtown center with big department stores, such as C&A, Lojas Riachuelo, Lojas Renner, Emmanuelle Store and Esplanada for cloathing, Casas Bahia, Ricardo electro, Magazine Luiza and Insinuante for home appliances, Lojas Americanas for retail varieties, Centauro and Meggashop Outlet for sports wear. There's also multinational supermarket chains such as GBarbosa (national headquartered in the city) and Mercantil Rodrigues (both Cencosud subsidiaries), Bompreço and Todo Dia (Walmart subsidiaries), Extra and Pão de Açúcar (GPA subsidiaries), Atacadão (a Carrefour subsidiary), Makro (a SHV Holdings subsidiary), among others.

Another commercial spot, but also touristic in the capital center are the municipal markets Albano Franco, Antonio Franco and Thales Ferraz, which sell handcrafts, clothing, medicinal herbs, traditional foods and fresh produce. It is under construction a popular gadget market (typically developers of China Towns) in a privileged location on the city.

The city has a modern operating centers for information technology. it belongs to multinational company called Politec and currently has two malls building - centers and two more under construction.

The first shopping mall built in the city was the RioMar Shopping Center. It's opened since 1989 and underwent expansions in 2008 and 2011. The mall is located in Serigy peninsula, more specifically at the 'Coroa do Meio' district, which is on the board of 'Sergipe river' (originally Rio Sergipe) . The project is connected to the mainland by Godofredo Diniz bridge which gives access to the Beira Mar Avenue at the neighborhood called 'July 13', one of the noblest areas on the capital.

The second private shopping center at the city was called the 'Gardens Mall' (known as 'Shopping Jardins'). It opened in 1997 and underwent expansions in 1998, 2004 and 2006. The mall is located at the eponymous neighborhood and was responsible for the growth and enhancement of the town in its surroundings, with the emergence of several residential buildings around the mall area. At this neighborhood is also located the pleasant Sowings park (known as 'Parque da Sementeira'). As RioMar Shopping Center, the 'Gardens Mall' is part of JCPM holdings group.

The third shopping is in the finishing process on an transformed historical textile factories area. It is called the Aracaju Park Mall, the first shopping mall in the northern part of the city. It houses a privileged view to be on the river Sergipe, very close to the historic and commercial center of the capital but also the meropolitan towns of Barra dos Coqueiros (accessed by João Alves bridge) and Nossa Senhora do Socorro (known as 'Our Lady of Perpetual Help').

The construction of the fourth shopping center is being initiated in prime location on the side of Gilberto Vilanova de Carvalho bridge, won the Poxim River where is the road to Augusto Franco 'set houses' and which gives access to Farolândia district (the universitarian area), south region of the capital of Sergipe.

At the metropolitan area of Aracaju, in the city of Nossa Senhora do Socorro, there is also the so-called 'Premium Shopping' or for locals 'Shopping Prêmio'.

In addition to the downtown and malls at the 'Jardins' and 'Coroa do Meio' neighborhoods, there is also remarkable trade areas at Siqueira Campos and Santos Dumont neighborhoods aimed at the popular commerce for humble locals and trendy districts July 13, designated by more elegant windowshoppings and galeries, such as boutiques and delicatessens aimed at and for higher-income.

The Atalaia beach region has, comparatively for the locals, still bad services given the distance from the main shopping centers and commercial downtown. However, trade has grown sharply eyeing the city's tourism growth as well as new residential housing (inhabited mainly by residents from foreigners and outsiders that prefer the convenience of living at the coast beaches). This investments vacuum, in turn, rapidly expanded trading specifically by the 'Orla de Atalaia' region and in particular through the open of some low cost franchises such as the hotel chain Ibis Budget, fast-food Subway and McDonalds but also a 'MiniMercado Extra' and the most famous national gym chain 'SmartFit' are being implemented. This potential phenomenon has led to greater physical integration of this touristic region by throughout occupation of the city's inhabitants which is connecting it to the traditional and more commercial areas, as well as the heart area of the Orla (known as the Arcos Square ) which is strategically located 3.5 kilometers from the Aracaju Airport, one of the major points in access to visitors.


Aracaju is the most important educational centre of the state.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools, with English and Spanish also part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions[edit]


Palácio Olímpio Campos, which building of the former Centre of Aracaju, decorated for Christmas.


Museu do Artesanato, Museu do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico de Sergipe, Museu do Homem Sergipano, Museu Memorial de Sergipe, Museu de Antropologia, Museu de Arte Bélica da Polícia Militar de Sergipe and Museu de Arte e História Rosa Faria, Museu da Gente Sergipana.


Arquivo Público Estadual de Sergipe and Biblioteca Pública Epiphâneo Dórea.


Movie theaters in the Jardins Mall and Riomar Mall(Cinemark), and Shopping Premium.

Aracaju-Santa Maria Airport



The city is served by the Santa Maria Airport. It began operating on 30 October 1952 with a single 1,200m runway, though it did not have an access road until 1958. In 1961, the runway was extended to 1,500m and a passenger terminal was built in 1962. Since February 1975 the airport is operated by Infraero. The runway was further extended to 2,200m in 1993 and the passenger terminal greatly enlarged in 1998.


Aracaju is connected to the major cities of Brazil by BR-235 and BR-101 federal highways.

Useful information[edit]

Intl chains accommodations

<*low-cost fares>

For updates on what's happening throughout the city just access the 'Groovou' webpage and social medias.

Sister cities[edit]

Social problems[edit]

Main article: Crime in Brazil and Social issues in Brazil


  1. ^ Aracaju: a Big Surprise in a Small State. The Rio times. 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  2. ^ World’s athletes arrive in Brazil ahead of Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Official olympic committee news. 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  3. ^ Kazakh Paralympians. Kazakh Paralympians committee news. 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  4. ^ Sergipe may receive tractor factory Consul Grigori Goldchleger expressed a willingness to set up a tractor factory near the ferry terminal Inácio Barbosa (in portuguese) (in Portuguese). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  5. ^ China is studying partnership with the Government of Sergipe (in portuguese) (in Portuguese). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  6. ^ a b c "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  14. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Aracaju, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°55′00″S 37°03′00″W / 10.9167°S 37.05°W / -10.9167; -37.05