Aracaju

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Aracaju
Municipality
The Municipality of Aracaju
Flag of Aracaju
Flag
Official seal of Aracaju
Seal
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
Location of Aracaju
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira de Sergipe.svg Sergipe
Founded 1592
Incorporated (as capital) March 17. 1855
Government
 • Mayor João Alves Filho (DEM)
Area
 • Total 181.857 km2 (70.215 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 641,523
 • Density 3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 49000-000
Area code(s) (+55) 79
Website Aracaju

Aracaju (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɾakaˈʒu]) is the capital of the State of Sergipe, Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country on the coast, about 350 km (217 mi) north of Salvador. According to the 2016 Census, the city has 641 523 inhabitants, which represents approximately 33% of the state population. Adding to the populations of the municipalities forming the Metropolitan area: Barra dos Coqueiros, Nossa Senhora do Socorro and São Cristóvão, the number goes to 938 550 inhabitants.[citation needed]

The city has emerged as a good choice in low-cost tourism.[1] Seen and recognized as one of the safest capitals in the Northeast region and the lowest costs of living in the country, more recently has focused its tourism business in creating quality accommodation, such as world-renowned hostels. Planned public transportation improvements were aimed at increasing the comfort and integration to the visitors users. In advance of seeking access facilities, bus lines have been performed and can be monitored in real time here

At the 2016 Summer Olympics the city hosts teams from seven countries.[2] football athletes from Japan and gymnasts and swimmers curiously mostly from many eastern European countries like Poland, Austria, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Czech Republic established the city as home-base for training.

For the 2016 Summer Paralympics Games the city is accommodating athletes from Eurasian Economic Community countries such as the Kazakhstani paralympic team and the Belarus paralympic team, including paralympic swimmer champion Ihar Boki.[3]

Through recent years, the city has being invigorated by major investors from both eastern Europe (especially from Belarus[4] and Russia) and China[5] setting to be a key city on the Brics relations worldwide as well as a 'Mercocity' (adopted from Mercosur).

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate is hot and humid. The average annual temperature is 26 °C and average annual rainfall of 1695 mm.[6]

The warmest months Aracaju experiences are: January, February and March, with temperatures averaging 27 °C,[7] while the average highs are 30 °C[8] and the minimum is 24 °C.[9] The coldest are July and August, with temperatures averaging 24 °C,[7] with a mean maximum not exceeding 28 °C,[8] and at night the temperature drops to 22 °C.[9] But it may happen that the temperature gets warmer in winter and cooler in summer, as in 2002.

Aracaju experiences its wettest months between March and July, owing to the strong wind created by lower temperatures in the South and Southeast. During this period, the average amount of rainfall exceeds 200 mm per month. Between those months, the rainiest is May, where it rains about 334 mm. The driest months, between September and February, see the winds weakening and only really managing to bring light clouds. There is also less rain. The driest month is November, when it rains about 52 mm. The average rainfall between these months is approximately between 50 mm and 100 mm.[6]

Climate data for Aracaju (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
29.8
(85.6)
29.4
(84.9)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27
(81)
26.9
(80.4)
27.4
(81.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.6
(83.5)
29.1
(84.4)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26
(79)
25.1
(77.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.4
(75.9)
25
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
22.5
(72.5)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
19.8
(67.6)
20
(68)
19
(66)
17.8
(64)
17.6
(63.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18
(64)
19
(66)
18
(64)
16
(61)
14.6
(58.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 77.9
(3.067)
85.1
(3.35)
175.7
(6.917)
261.2
(10.283)
333.8
(13.142)
207.2
(8.157)
174.7
(6.878)
113.9
(4.484)
91.4
(3.598)
65.8
(2.591)
52.3
(2.059)
56.3
(2.217)
1,695.2
(66.74)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 7 9 13 15 17 18 16 13 10 5 5 5 133
Average relative humidity (%) 78.1 76.6 78 79.6 77.6 77.3 78.2 78.2 78.1 78.7 78.8 79 78.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 264.1 224.3 234.1 210.6 205 176.7 200.7 221.9 218.5 250.6 262.9 251.6 2,721
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Vegetation[edit]

Sergipe river.

Aracaju lies in tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1,700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on services and industry.

The GDP for the city was R$13.918.124 (2013).[14]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Santa Maria Airport

Aracaju is served by Santa Maria Airport, a domestic commercial airport. It dates to 1952 and became fully functional in 1958. The airport is located in the Santa Teresa neighborhood of the city and is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from downtown Aracaju.[15]

Roads[edit]

Aracaju is located on the northern segment of BR-101, a major north-south longitudinal highway in Brazil. It is also the easternmost point of BR-235, an incomplete highway which is projected to run from Aracaju west to Novo Progresso, Pará.

Education[edit]

Aracaju is the most important educational centre of the state.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools, with English and Spanish also part of the official high school curriculum.[citation needed]

Educational institutions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aracaju: a Big Surprise in a Small State. The Rio times. 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  2. ^ World’s athletes arrive in Brazil ahead of Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Official olympic committee news. 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  3. ^ Kazakh Paralympians. Kazakh Paralympians committee news. 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  4. ^ Sergipe may receive tractor factory Consul Grigori Goldchleger expressed a willingness to set up a tractor factory near the ferry terminal Inácio Barbosa (in portuguese) (in Portuguese). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  5. ^ China is studying partnership with the Government of Sergipe (in portuguese) (in Portuguese). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  6. ^ a b c "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  14. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Aracaju, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  15. ^ "Aeroport Aracaju SE" (in Portuguese). INFRAERO. 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°55′00″S 37°03′00″W / 10.9167°S 37.05°W / -10.9167; -37.05