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Pteroglossus erythropygius-Gould.jpg
Pale-mandibled aracari
Pteroglossus erythropygius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Ramphastidae
Genus: Pteroglossus
Illiger, 1811

14 (incl. the saffron toucanet), see text.

  • Beauharnaisius

An aracari or araçari (US: /ˌɑːrəˈsɑːri/ AR-ə-SAR-ee,[1] UK: /ˌærəˈsɑːri/ ARR-ə-SAR-ee, /-ˈkɑːri/ -⁠KAR-ee)[2] is any of the medium-sized toucans that, together with the saffron toucanet, make up the genus Pteroglossus.

They are brightly plumaged and have enormous, contrastingly patterned bills. These birds are residents in forests and woodlands in the Neotropics.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

One species, the distinctive saffron toucanet, was formerly placed in the monotypic genus Baillonius, but Kimura et al. (2004) showed that it belongs in the genus Pteroglossus.[3]

Extant species[edit]

The genus Pteroglossus has fourteen species considered to belong to the genus:[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Pteroglossus viridis (male) -Bronx Zoo-8-4c.jpg Pteroglossus viridis Green aracari lowland forests of northeastern South America (the Guiana Shield), in the northeast Amazon Basin, the Guianas and the eastern Orinoco River drainage of Venezuela
Lettered Araçari.jpg Pteroglossus inscriptus Lettered aracari Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Pteroglossus bitorquatus Red-necked aracari Bolivia and Brazil
Ivory-billed Aracari RWD2.jpg Pteroglossus azara Ivory-billed aracari Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Pteroglossus mariae Brown-mandibled aracari Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru
Black-necked aracari.jpg Pteroglossus aracari Black-necked aracari Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Chestnut-eared Aracari - Pantanal MG 9455-2 (16407834852).jpg Pteroglossus castanotis Chestnut-eared aracari Amazon Basin, Paraguay, Bolivia, southeastern Brazil and the extreme northeast of Argentina
Many-banded Aracari, Ecuador.jpg Pteroglossus pluricinctus Many-banded aracari Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Collared Aracari (16413441566).jpg Pteroglossus torquatus Collared aracari southern Mexico to Panama; also Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Costa Rica.
Pteroglossus sanguineus Stripe-billed aracari Colombia and Ecuador
Tucán rojo (Arasari).JPG Pteroglossus erythropygius Pale-mandibled aracari Ecuador and Peru
Pteroglossus frantzii -Puntarenas, Costa Rica-8n-4c.jpg Pteroglossus frantzii Fiery-billed aracari southern Costa Rica and western Panama
Curl-crested Aracari.jpg Pteroglossus beauharnaesii Curl-crested aracari Amazon Basin
Saffron Toucananet.jpg Pteroglossus bailloni Saffron toucanet Brazil

Former species[edit]

Some authorities, either presently or formerly, recognize additional species or subspecies as species belonging to the genus Pteroglossus including:

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Some species of aracaris are unusual for toucans in that they roost socially throughout the year, up to six adults and fledged young sleeping in the same hole with tails folded over their backs.


They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2–4 white eggs.

Food and feeding[edit]

All the species are basically fruit-eating, but will take insects and other small prey.


The ischnoceran louse Austrophilopterus flavirostris is suspected to parasitize most if not all species of aracaris, with the possible exception of the green aracari (Price & Weckstein 2005).


  1. ^ "Aracari". Unabridged. Random House, Inc.). Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  2. ^ "Definition for aracari". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  3. ^ "South American Classification Committee". Merge Baillonius into Pteroglossus. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2007-09-16.
  4. ^ "Jacamars, puffbirds, toucans, barbets & honeyguides « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  5. ^ "Aulacorhynchus wagleri - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-24.
  6. ^ "Aulacorhynchus prasinus - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-24.
  7. ^ "Aulacorhynchus albivitta - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-24.
  8. ^ "Aulacorhynchus atrogularis - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-25.
  9. ^ "Aulacorhynchus sulcatus - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-25.
  10. ^ "Aulacorhynchus haematopygus - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-25.
  11. ^ "Selenidera piperivora - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  12. ^ "Selenidera reinwardtii - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  13. ^ "Selenidera reinwardtii langsdorffii - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  14. ^ "Selenidera nattereri - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  15. ^ "Selenidera gouldii - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  16. ^ "Selenidera maculirostris - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  17. ^ "Andigena hypoglauca - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  18. ^ "Andigena cucullata - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-29.
  19. ^ "Andigena nigrirostris - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-29.

External links[edit]