Arachidonate 8-lipoxygenase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
arachidonate 8-lipoxygenase
Identifiers
EC number 1.13.11.40
CAS number 100900-72-9
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

Arachidonate 8-lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.40) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

arachidonate + O2 \rightleftharpoons (5Z,9E,11Z,14Z)-(8R)-8-hydroperoxyicosa-5,9,11,14-tetraenoate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are arachidonate and oxygen, whereas its product is (5Z,9E,11Z,14Z)-(8R)-8-hydroperoxyicosa-5,9,11,14-tetraenoate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on single donors with O2 as oxidant and incorporation of two atoms of oxygen into the substrate (oxygenases). The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2. The systematic name of this enzyme class is arachidonate:oxygen 8-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include 8-lipoxygenase, and 8(R)-lipoxygenase. This enzyme participates in arachidonic acid metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2FNQ.

References[edit]

  • Bundy GL, Nidy EG, Epps DE, Mizsak SA, Wnuk RJ (1986). "Discovery of an arachidonic acid C-8 lipoxygenase in the gorgonian coral Pseudoplexaura porosa". J. Biol. Chem. 261 (2): 747–51. PMID 2867091.