Arachis monticola

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Arachis monticola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Arachis
Species: A. monticola
Binomial name
Arachis monticola
Krapov. & Rigoni

Arachis monticola is a close relative of the domesticated peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Besides the peanut, it is the only other tetraploid species in the genus Arachis. It is thought to be the immediate wild ancestor of peanut,[1] although it may be a weedy form, descended from cultivated peanuts.[2]


  1. ^ Seijo, Guillermo; Graciela I. Lavia; Aveliano Fernandez; Antonio Krapovickas; Daniel A. Ducasse; David J. Bertioli; Eduardo A. Moscone (2007-12-01). "Genomic relationships between the cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea, Leguminosae) and its close relatives revealed by double GISH". Am. J. Bot. 94 (12): 1963–1971. PMID 21636391. doi:10.3732/ajb.94.12.1963. Retrieved 2010-07-05. 
  2. ^ Pattee, H. E.; H. T. Stalker; F. G. Giesbrecht (1998). "Reproductive Efficiency in Reciprocal Crosses of Arachis monticola with A. hypogaea Subspecies". Peanut Science. 25 (1): 7–12. ISSN 0095-3679. doi:10.3146/i0095-3679-25-1-3. Retrieved 2010-07-05.