Arachnitis

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Arachnitis uniflora
Arachnitis uniflora Phil. (2076079153).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Corsiaceae
Genus: Arachnitis
Phil.
Species: A. uniflora
Binomial name
Arachnitis uniflora
Phil.
Synonyms[1]
  • Achratinis Kuntze
  • Arachnitis quetrihuensis Dimitri

Arachnitis uniflora, the sole species in the genus Arachnitis, is a non-photosynthetic species of plant.[2] It is a myco-heterotroph which gets many of its nutrients from fungi of the genus Glomus which live in its roots.[2]

It is native to southern South America (Bolivia, Chile, Argentina) and the Falkland Islands.[1]

Description[edit]

Although the fungi in question are in some ways the same kind of arbuscular mycorrhizae which are found in the roots of many plants, the details of their association with the plant roots differ in key ways (such as the absence of arbuscules).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b c Laura S. Domínguez; Lewis Melville; Alicia Sérsic; Antonella Faccio; R. Larry Peterson (2009), "The mycoheterotroph Arachnitis uniflora has a unique association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi", Botany, 87 (12): 1198–1208, doi:10.1139/B09-081 

Bibliography[edit]

* Ibisch, Pierre L.; Neinhuis, Christoph; Rojas, N Patricia (29 November 1996). "On the Biology, Biogeography, and Taxonomy of Arachnitis Phil. nom. cons. (Corsiaceae) in Respect to a New Record from Bolivia". Willdenowia. 26 (1/2): 321–332. JSTOR 3997251.