Aracy de Carvalho Guimarães Rosa
Aracy de Carvalho Guimarães Rosa (née Aracy Moebius de Carvalho) (December 5, 1908 – February 28, 2011) was a Brazilian diplomatic clerk who has been recognized with the title of Righteous Among the Nations.
Born to a German mother in Rio Negro, Paraná, Aracy de Carvalho was able to speak German, English, French and her native Portuguese. She moved to São Paulo. She lived there with her German first husband Johannes Edward Ludwig Tess and their child until 1935, when they separated.
In 1936, she was appointed to the Brazilian Consulate in Hamburg, Germany, where she was made the Chief of the Passport Section. She started to help Jewish people during Kristallnacht, on November 9, 1938. She handed out visas to Jews without the red "J" that identified them as such, since Brazilian Dictator Getúlio Vargas non-officially denied visas to Jews. She was in very close relations with underground activists in Germany and would even grant visas to Jews she knew that had forged passports. In 1938 she met fellow diplomat and assistant-Consul João Guimarães Rosa, who would later become her second husband, and one of the most important Brazilian writers. With his help, she intensified her humanitarian activity, saving a great number of Jews from imprisonment and death. She remained in Germany until 1942, when Brazil broke relations with Germany and joined the Allied Forces.
- Mordecai Paldiel (2007). Diplomat Heroes of the Holocaust. Jersey City, NY: Ktav. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-88125-909-4.
- Christine Pacheco "Aracy Moebius de Carvalho: 'Justa entre as nações'" The International Wallenberg Foundation
-  Death of Aracy Moebius de Carvalho