Aradhana (1969 film)
|Directed by||Shakti Samanta|
|Produced by||Shakti Samanta|
|Written by||Sachin Bhowmick|
Anand Bakshi lyrics
|Music by||S. D. Burman|
|Edited by||Sahil Budhiraja|
|Distributed by||Shakti Films|
|Box office||₹17.85 crore[d]|
Aradhana (English: Worship) is a 1969 Indian romantic drama film directed by Shakti Samanta, starring Sharmila Tagore and Rajesh Khanna. It won the Filmfare Award for Best Film at the 17th Filmfare Awards. Sharmila Tagore would win her first Filmfare Best Actress Award for playing the lead role in this film. Originally released in Hindi-Urdu and dubbed in Bengali, Aradhana's huge success led to two remakes, both starring Vanisri in Tagore's role: the Tamil film Sivagamiyin Selvan (1974) and the Telugu film Kannavari Kalalu (1974). This film is counted among the 17 consecutive hit films of Rajesh Khanna between 1969 and 1971, by adding the two hero films Marayada and Andaz to the 15 consecutive solo hits he gave from 1969 to 1971. Aradhana was a blockbuster in India and the Soviet Union.[d]
In an idyllic hilly terrain, Indian Air Force officer Arun Varma (Rajesh Khanna) sings "Mere Sapno Ki Rani" atop an open jeep along with his co-pilot Madan (Sujit Kumar), while Vandana (Sharmila Tagore), the daughter of a doctor Gopal Tripathi (Pahari Sanyal) demurely sneaks glances at him from a mini train. After a brief romance, they have a secret wedding.
Soon afterward, Arun dies in an air crash, leaving behind a heartbroken and pregnant Vandana. His family refuses to accept the unwed mother-to-be since her marriage with Arun was never formalised. Meanwhile, her father also dies, leaving her destitute. Vandana's son is finally born, but she is forced to let a childless couple adopt him. Determined to be a part of his life, she accepts the responsibility of becoming his nanny. The boy is named Suraj. Her employer's brother Shyam (Manmohan) arrives and lusts for Vandana. He tries to rape her when no-one is around, but Suraj arrives and stabs him to death to save Vandana. When the police arrive, Vandana takes the blame for the murder and is arrested while Suraj runs away and forgets this mishap as he grows up.
Several years later, when Vandana is released from jail, she is befriended by the jailor (Madan Puri) who takes her home and introduces her to his daughter Renu (Farida Jalal). Vandana comes face to face with Suraj (Rajesh Khanna) when she discovers that Renu is dating him. Suraj, just like how his father wished, is an air-force officer. He slowly starts remembering that he has seen Vandana somewhere, although Vandana wants to hide the truth as she feels Suraj may be embarrassed upon realising his parents' background and history. Vandana makes herself at home at the jailor's house.
Suraj is injured in an air crash like his real father Arun but survives. While he is recuperating in the hospital, Vandana meets Madan, who knows that Suraj is Arun and Vandana's son. He wants to tell Suraj the truth, but Vandana does not want Suraj to know that he is her son, fearing the consequences. Later when Vandana is not around, Suraj sees her diary where Arun's photo is found. Realising that Arun and Vandana are his true parents, he salutes Vandana's self-sacrificing attitude and acknowledges her publicly as his mother.
- Sharmila Tagore as Vandana Tripathi
- Rajesh Khanna as Flight Lieutenant Arun Verma / Suraj Prasad Saxena
- Sujit Kumar as Air Commodore Madan Verma
- Ashok Kumar as Air Commodore Ganguli (Retd)
- Pahari Sanyal as Gopal Tripathi
- Anita Guha as Mrs. Prasad Saxena
- Abhi Bhattacharya as Ram Prasad Saxena
- Madan Puri as the Jailor
- Asit Sen as Tikaram
- Farida Jalal as Renu
- Subhash Ghai as Prakash (Suraj's colleague and friend)
The film was scripted by Sachin Bhowmick. The theme of the movie was based on the 1946 film To Each His Own. A day prior to the shooting of Aradhana, producer Surinder Kapoor showed Samanta his latest film, Ek Shrimaan Ek Shrimati with Shashi Kapoor as the lead, which was also written by Sachin Bhowmick. Much to his surprise, this film had a similar ending to his own film. The following day, Samanta decided to scrap his film, when writers Gulshan Nanda and Madhusudan Kalelkar visited his office. Upon hearing the issue, it was Gulshan Nanda who suggested to have a double role of father and son in the film. Originally, the first hero was to die by the interval and a new hero was to step in. The same evening, while Aradhana was being cancelled, Nanda recited a story of Kati Patang to Samanta, which he instantly liked, so for the next couple of hours they first rewrote the second half of Aradhana, and subsequently went on to discuss Kati Patang. The "Roop Tera Mastana" song sequence, which lasted more than three minutes and 30 seconds, was filmed in a single take. Sharmila Tagore believes this was done due to time constraints.
Original LP Cover
|Soundtrack album to Aradhana by|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
The soundtrack of the film was composed by S. D. Burman, Kishore Kumar and R.D. Burman, with lyrics by Anand Bakshi. Sachin had written the music for the songs of Aradhana with his son Rahul and completed the recording of the songs in the voices of Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle, Mohd. Rafi, Kishore Kumar and S.D. Burman himself. In "Roop Tera Mastana", Kersi Lord played the accordion, Homi Mullan played the duggi and Manohari Singh played the saxophone.
|1.||"Roop Tera Mastana"||Kishore Kumar||3:30|
|2.||"Baghon Mein Bahar Hai"||Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar|
|3.||"Chanda Hai Tu Mera Suraj Hai Tu"||Lata Mangeshkar|
|4.||"Mere Sapno Ki Rani"||Kishore Kumar|
|5.||"Gun Guna Rahe Hai Bhanvare"||Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle|
|6.||"Kora Kagaz Tha Yeh Man Mera"||Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar|
|7.||"Saphal Hogi Teri Aradhana"||S. D. Burman|
- Best Film – Shakti Samanta
- Best Actress – Sharmila Tagore
- Best Male Playback Singer – Kishore Kumar for the song "Roop Tera Mastana"
Aradhana had a large impact on Indians in general. It inspired many to take up films as a vocation, one of them being the popular Indian actor Tom Alter, who confessed in an interview that he headed to Film and Television Institute of India after being impressed watching Rajesh Khanna in Aradhana in 1970.
- 47.4 million tickets sold, average ticket price of 25 kopecks)
- 0.829 Soviet rubles per US dollar in 1972
- 7.5945 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1972
- Aradhana worldwide gross: ₹17.85 crore (equivalent to ₹805 crore or US$121 million in 2016)
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