Aradhana (1969 film)

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Aradhana
Aradhana (1969 film).jpg
Poster
Directed byShakti Samanta
Written bySachin Bhowmick
Anand Bakshi lyrics
Produced byShakti Samanta
StarringSharmila Tagore
Rajesh Khanna
Sujit Kumar
Farida Jalal
Abhi Bhattacharya
Ashok Kumar
CinematographyAlok Dasgupta
Edited bySahil Budhiraja
Music byMusic & Background Score
S. D. Burman
Sound Recordist & Assistant Music Director:
R.D. Burman
Distributed byShakti Films
Release date
  • 27 September 1969 (1969-09-27)
Running time
169 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi
Box officeest. 17.85 crore[d]

Aradhana (transl. Worship) is a 1969 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Shakti Samanta, starring Sharmila Tagore and Rajesh Khanna. It won the Filmfare Award for Best Film at the 17th Filmfare Awards. Tagore won her only Filmfare Best Actress Award.[7] Originally released in Hindi[8] and dubbed in Bengali, Aradhana's huge success led to two remakes: the Tamil film Sivagamiyin Selvan (1974)[9] and the Telugu film Kannavari Kalalu (1974).[10] This film is counted among the 17 consecutive hit films of Rajesh Khanna between 1969 and 1971, by adding the two hero films Marayada and Andaz to the 15 consecutive solo hits he gave from 1969 to 1971.[11] Aradhana was a blockbuster in India and the Soviet Union.[12][d] The theme of the movie was based on the 1946 film To Each His Own.[13]

Plot[edit]

In an idyllic hilly terrain, Indian Air Force officer Arun Varma sings "Mere Sapno Ki Rani" atop an open jeep along with his co-pilot Madan, while Vandana, the daughter of a doctor Gopal Tripathi demurely sneaks glances at him from a mini train. After a brief romance, they have a secret wedding. After which it starts raining and they have to stay in a hotel, during this they have sex with each other. This is where Vandana becomes pregnant.

Soon afterward, Arun dies in an air crash. His family refuses to accept the unwed Vandana since her marriage with Arun was never formalised. Meanwhile, her father also dies, leaving her destitute. Vandana's son is finally born, but she is forced to let a childless couple adopt him. Determined to be a part of his life, she accepts the responsibility of becoming his nanny. The boy is named Suraj. Her employer's brother Shyam arrives and lusts for Vandana. He tries to rape her when no one is around, but Suraj arrives and stabs him to death to save Vandana. When the police arrive, Vandana takes the blame for the murder and is arrested while Suraj runs away and forgets this mishap as he grows up.

Several years later, when Vandana is released from jail, she is befriended by the jailor who takes her home and introduces her to his daughter Renu. Vandana comes face to face with Suraj when she discovers that Renu is dating him. Suraj, just like how his father wished, is an air-force officer. He slowly starts remembering that he has seen Vandana somewhere, although Vandana wants to hide the truth as she feels Suraj may be embarrassed upon realising his parents' background and history. Vandana makes herself at home at the jailor's house.

Suraj is injured in an air crash like his real father Arun but survives. While he is recuperating in the hospital, Vandana meets Madan, who knows that Suraj is Arun and Vandana's son. He wants to tell Suraj the truth, but Vandana does not want Suraj to know that he is her son, fearing the consequences. Later when Vandana is not around, Suraj sees her diary where Arun's photo is found. Realising that Arun and Vandana are his true parents, he salutes Vandana's self-sacrificing attitude and acknowledges her publicly as his mother.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was scripted by Sachin Bhowmick. The theme of the movie was based on the 1946 film To Each His Own.[14] A day prior to the shooting of Aradhana, producer Surinder Kapoor showed Samanta his latest film, Ek Shrimaan Ek Shrimati with Shashi Kapoor as the lead, which was also written by Sachin Bhowmick. Much to his surprise, this film had a similar ending to his own film. The following day, Samanta decided to scrap his film, when writers Gulshan Nanda and Madhusudan Kalelkar visited his office. Upon hearing the issue, it was Gulshan Nanda who suggested to have a double role of father and son in the film. Originally, the first hero was to die by the interval and a new hero was to step in.[15] The same evening, while Aradhana was being cancelled, Nanda recited a story of Kati Patang to Samanta, which he instantly liked, so for the next couple of hours they first rewrote the second half of Aradhana, and subsequently went on to discuss Kati Patang.[16] The "Roop Tera Mastana" song sequence, which lasted more than three minutes and 30 seconds, was filmed in a single take.[17] Sharmila Tagore believes this was done due to time constraints.[18] Asha Parekh was offered the role of Vandana, which she refused as she did not want to play Rajesh Khanna's mother. Parekh incidentally appeared as Khanna's love interest in Kati Patang.

Soundtrack[edit]

Aradhana
Aradhana songs.jpeg
Original LP Cover
Soundtrack album to Aradhana by
Released1969
GenreFeature film soundtrack
LanguageHindi
LabelEMI Records

The soundtrack of the film was composed by S. D. Burman, with lyrics by Anand Bakshi. Sachin Dev Burman had written the music for the songs of Aradhana with his son, Rahul Dev Burman, and completed the recording of the songs in the voices of Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle, Mohd. Rafi, Kishore Kumar and S.D. Burman himself. In "Roop Tera Mastana", Kersi Lord played the accordion, Homi Mullan played the duggi and Manohari Singh played the saxophone.[19][20][21] This track was also reused in Tamil Remix Version as "Jean Pants" sung by K.S. Chithra and Stylebhai.[22]

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Mere Sapno Ki Rani"Kishore Kumar5:00
2."Kora Kagaz Tha Yeh Man Mera"Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar5:38
3."Gun Guna Rahe Hai Bhanvare"Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle3:53
4."Roop Tera Mastana"Kishore Kumar3:45
5."Saphal Hogi Teri Aradhana"S. D. Burman5:45
6."Chanda Hai Tu Mera Suraj Hai Tu"Lata Mangeshkar4:02
7."Baghon Mein Bahar Hai"Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi3:52
Total length:31:55
Bengali track list
No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Eto Kache Dujone"Kishore Kumar 
2."Madhobi Futeche Oi"Lata Mangeshkar, Rahul Dev Burman 
3."Chondro Je Tui"Lata Mangeshkar 
4."Mor Shopner Shathi"Kishore Kumar 
5."Gunjone Dole Je Bhromor"Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle 
6."Aj Hridoye Bhalobeshe"Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar 

Awards[edit]

1969 Filmfare Awards[23]

Impact[edit]

Aradhana had a large impact on Indians in general. It inspired many to take up films as a vocation, one of them being the popular Indian actor Tom Alter, who confessed in an interview that he headed to Film and Television Institute of India after being impressed watching Rajesh Khanna in Aradhana in 1970.[24][25][26]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 47.4 million tickets sold,[2] average ticket price of 25 kopecks)[3]
  2. ^ 0.829 Soviet rubles per US dollar in 1972[4]
  3. ^ 7.5945 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1972[5]
  4. ^ a b Aradhana worldwide gross: 17.85 crore (equivalent to 805 crore or US$121 million in 2016)
    • India: 7 crore (equivalent to 308 crore or US$41 million in 2020) in 1969[1]
    • Soviet Union: 11.85 million SUR[a] (US$14.29 million,[b] 10.85 crore)[c] in 1972[2] (equivalent to US$88 million (551 crore)[6] in 2016)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Box Office 1969". Box Office India. 14 October 2013. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b Sergey Kudryavtsev (3 August 2008). "Зарубежные популярные фильмы в советском кинопрокате (Индия)". Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. ^ Moscow Prime Time: How the Soviet Union Built the Media Empire that Lost the Cultural Cold War, page 48 Archived 10 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Cornell University Press, 2011
  4. ^ "Archive". Central Bank of Russia. 1992. Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Pacific Exchange Rate Service" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Yearly Average Rates (67.175856 INR per USD in 2016)". OFX. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  7. ^ "rediff.com: Dial D for Darjeeling". Specials.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  8. ^ Aradhana. 0:19. 1969.CS1 maint: location (link)
  9. ^ "Why not in Tamil?". Sunday Times. 22 February 1998. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Birthday Special: Remembering Rajesh Khanna's top five films". Jagran Post. 29 December 2014. Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Eight lesser known facts about Rajesh Khanna on his death anniversary". The Hindustan Times. 18 July 2015. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Aradhana (1969) & To Each His Own (1946)". bobbytalkscinema.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  14. ^ "Aradhana (1969) & To Each His Own (1946)". bobbytalkscinema.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Originally, Aradhana and Ek Shriman Ek Shrimati had the same climax". Rediff Movies. 26 June 2012. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Two of his finest films were created in one evening". Rediff Movies. 26 June 2012. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  17. ^ "SRK Kajol to shoot one take song in Dilwale, but it's not Bollywood's first". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  18. ^ "'Your Call' with Sharmila Tagore: full transcript". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  19. ^ "Interview – HQ Chowdhury, Speaking to Shakti Samanta, Dhaka film festival 2001". Moti Lalwani. Archived from the original on 28 April 2005. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  20. ^ "The Aradhana syndrome and S D Burman". Rediff. 31 October 2000. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  21. ^ "NDTV Movies: Bollywood News – Celebrity News – Celebrity Gossip – Latest Bollywood Stories". movies.ndtv.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  22. ^ "Roop Tera Mastana (Tamil Version)". JioSaavn. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  23. ^ "The Winners -1969". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012.
  24. ^ Guftagoo with Tom Alter (in Hindi). Rajya Sabha TV. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  25. ^ "I still dream of being Rajesh Khanna". The Hindu. 12 July 2009. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  26. ^ "Chandigarh Stories". Tribune India. 31 July 2003. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2011.

External links[edit]