Arahal

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Arahal
Municipality
Arahal 7 (cropped).jpg
Flag of Arahal
Flag
Coat of arms of Arahal
Coat of arms
Arahal is located in Spain
Arahal
Arahal
Coordinates: 37°15′N 5°32′W / 37.250°N 5.533°W / 37.250; -5.533
Country Spain
Community Andalusia
Province Seville
Comarca La Campiña
Government
 • Mayor Miguel Ángel Márquez González
Area
 • Total 201.09 km2 (77.64 sq mi)
Elevation 117 m (384 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 19,550
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Arahalenses[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41600
Website Official website

Arahal is a municipality in Seville, Andalusia, Spain. It is situated on the southeast of Seville. This town is also known as "El Arahal", being recognized by this name until 1981.[2] Ar-rahal is an Arabic term, meaning a place in the path where stopping to rest.

History[edit]

Arahal's origins are a bit unclear because on June 30, 1857 all public records were burned in a riot. According to the remains of tombstones and sarcophagi found with the name of Basilippo, the history of Arahal seems to ho back to Roman Empire. On 22 July 1248, Fernando III conquered the city, which served to be a strategic point in conquering the nearby city of Morón de la Frontera two days later. The February 20 of 1554 Arahal reached the plenty independence from Morón, Charles V gives this privilege to Arahal, the document was burned in the riots of 1857.

Monuments[edit]

There are several monuments in Arahal, including:

  • Nta.Sra. de la Victoria church. Temple finished in 1551 and the tower late XVII
  • Vera-Cruz church. 1602
  • San Roque curch
    Nta.Sra. del Rosario convent. 1608
  • San Roque church (ex-convent). 1624
  • Santo Cristo de la Misericordia church. 16th century
  • Santa María Magdalena parish-church. It is in the Neoclassical style and is one of the biggest in the province. It was built in 1800 after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake destroyed the old one, the tower remains from the previous temple.
  • San Antonio hermitage. 17th century.

Climate[edit]

Arahal has a Mediterranean climate Csa according to the Köppen climate classification, it is characterized by its variable rainfall, dry summers and extremely hot summers and mild winters and often rainy. One of the official historical higher temperatures was record in Arahal when the thermometer reached 49 °C on the shade on July 23, 1995, according to the Statistical Yearbook of Andalusia, the INM and AEMET. Arahal has a weather station located at Moron Air Base, station data represents the climate of arahal, in operation since 1951.

Climate data for Arahal (Air base)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
28.6
(83.5)
30.6
(87.1)
34.7
(94.5)
39.7
(103.5)
44.8
(112.6)
46.6
(115.9)
46.0
(114.8)
43.2
(109.8)
35.6
(96.1)
30.0
(86)
28.0
(82.4)
46.6
(115.9)
Average high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.2
(72)
26.0
(78.8)
31.2
(88.2)
35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
31.0
(87.8)
25.4
(77.7)
19.7
(67.5)
16.4
(61.5)
24.7
(76.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
11.3
(52.3)
13.9
(57)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66)
23.3
(73.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
23.9
(75)
19.2
(66.6)
14.1
(57.4)
11.3
(52.3)
17.9
(64.2)
Average low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.2
(41.4)
7.0
(44.6)
8.8
(47.8)
11.7
(53.1)
15.5
(59.9)
18.2
(64.8)
19.0
(66.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.5
(47.3)
6.1
(43)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−7.8
(18)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.6
(34.9)
6.0
(42.8)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
5.4
(41.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−8.0
(17.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68
(2.68)
53
(2.09)
42
(1.65)
60
(2.36)
39
(1.54)
9
(0.35)
2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
27
(1.06)
67
(2.64)
86
(3.39)
94
(3.7)
543
(21.38)
Average precipitation days 6 6 5 7 4 1 0 0 2 6 7 8 53
Average relative humidity (%) 74 71 64 61 57 50 44 47 54 64 72 77 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 182 186 221 236 287 331 360 337 243 220 182 163 2,948
Source: [3]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 5°33′W / 37.267°N 5.550°W / 37.267; -5.550

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pancracio, Celdrán Gomáriz (2004). Diccionario de topónimos españoles y sus gentilicios (5th ed.). Madrid: Espasa Calpe. p. 75. ISBN 978-84-670-3054-9. 
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística de España (15 December 2009). "Alteraciones de los municipios en los Censos de Población desde 1842.". 
  3. ^ "Valores climatológicos normales. Arahal, weather station located in Moron de la frontera Air base". Aemet.es. Retrieved 14 August 2016.