Araku Valley

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Araku Valley
Hill Station
ARAKU VALLEY.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Andhra Ooty
Araku Valley is located in Andhra Pradesh
Araku Valley
Araku Valley
Coordinates: 18°20′00″N 82°52′00″E / 18.3333°N 82.8667°E / 18.3333; 82.8667Coordinates: 18°20′00″N 82°52′00″E / 18.3333°N 82.8667°E / 18.3333; 82.8667
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictVisakhapatnam
Elevation
910 m (2,990 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
531 149
Telephone code08936
Vehicle registrationAP
Vidhan Sabha constituencyAraku Valley
Lok Sabha constituencyAraku

Araku Valley is a hill station in Visakhapatnam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, lying 111 km west of Visakhapatnam city. This place is often referred as Ooty of Andhra. It is a valley in the Eastern Ghats inhabited by different tribes.

Geography[edit]

It is located in the Eastern Ghats about 114 kilometres (71 mi) from Visakhapatnam, close to the Odisha state border. The Anantagiri and Sunkarimetta Reserved Forest which are part of Araku Valley, are rich in biodiversity and is mined for bauxite.[1] Galikonda hill rising to a height of 5,000 feet (1,500 m) is amongst the highest peaks in Andhra Pradesh. The average rainfall is 1,700 millimetres (67 in), bulk of which is received during June–October.[2] The altitude is about 1300 m above the sea level. The valley spreads around 36 km.[3]

Economy[edit]

Coffee was first introduced in Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh in 1898 by British in Pamuleru valley in East Godavari district. Subsequently, it spread over to Araku Valley in early 19th century. After independence, the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department developed coffee plantations in the valley and in 1956, Coffee Board appointed Andhra Pradesh Girijan Cooperative Corporation Limited (GCC) GCC for promoting coffee plantations in the valley and GCC promotes coffee plantation through local tribal farmers.In 1985, the plantations were handed to A.P. Forest Development Corporation and GCC promoted Girijan Coop. Plantation Development Corporation (GCPDC) exclusively to develop coffee plantations in tribal areas. All the plantations developed by GCC and GCPDC were handed over to the tribal farmers at two acres per family.[4]

Transport[edit]

Araku is connected through both rail and road to Visakhapatnam. Araku railway station is located on the Kothavalasa-Kirandul railway line of Visakhapatnam division of the East Coast Railway, on the Indian Railways network.

Tourism[edit]

Borra Caves: Stalagmite formation in different shapes is the main attraction of this cave. Identifying the shapes is left to one's imagination.

Katiki Waterfalls: River Gosthani flows through the greenery and slides down as Katiki falls.

Tribal Museum: This museum gives an insight into the tribal life.

Chaparai Water Cascade: Water flowing on different sizes of rocks makes it a place worth visiting.

Galikonda View Point: You can see endless mountains and greenery from this view point.

In Popular culture[edit]

Tollywood films like Happy Days, Katha, Darling, Life is beautiful and ''Parugu'' were shot in Araku.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cheated for bauxite". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  2. ^ Need for conservation of biodiversity in Araku Valley, Andhra Pradesh (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Araku Valley". www.aptdc.gov.in. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  4. ^ "AP Girijan".

External links[edit]

  • Araku Valley Pictures of Tribal museum, Horticulture nursery, Tribal dancing & Borra caves