Aral, Xinjiang

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Aral
阿拉尔市ئارال شەھىرى
Sub-prefecture-level city
Aral (red) in Xinjiang province (orange) and China
Aral (red) in Xinjiang province (orange) and China
Coordinates: 40°30′56″N 81°15′49″E / 40.51556°N 81.26361°E / 40.51556; 81.26361
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Xinjiang
Area
 • Total 5,258.739 km2 (2,030.410 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 166,205
 • Density 32/km2 (82/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Aral, Ala'er or Alar (simplified Chinese: 阿拉尔; traditional Chinese: 阿拉爾; pinyin: Ālā'ěr; Uyghur: ئارال, Арал‎, ULY: Aral[1]) is a sub-prefecture-level city surrounded by Aksu Prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Aral in Uighur means "island."[2] Official spelling is 'Aral' but it is often written as 'Alar'.

History[edit]

The city was created by the Xinjiang production and Construction Corp as a means of emigration of Han Chinese to the region. Aral was opened as its own city in 2002 and thus saw a steady increase of population, reaching 166,205 in 2010.

Education[edit]

This city is also the location of Tarim University.

Geography[edit]

The city has an administrative area of 5,258.739 km2 (2,030.410 sq mi). It is bordered by mountainous regions to the north and northwest and the Taklamakhan desert to the east and south.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The official spelling is Aral, according to the Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4; p. 1, 299.
  2. ^ http://www.uighurdictionary.com/cgi-bin/eudict_ud.pl

Coordinates: 40°30′56″N 81°15′49″E / 40.51556°N 81.26361°E / 40.51556; 81.26361