Araluen, New South Wales
New South Wales
|Population||168 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||160 m (525 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council|
Araluen is a small town near Braidwood in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council. It lies in the valley of Araluen Creek, that joins the Deua River at roughly the midpoint in its course. At the 2016 census, Araluen had a population of 168 people.
The name 'Araluen' meant 'water lily' or 'place of the water lilies' in the local Aboriginal language. At the time of European settlement Araluen was described as a broad alluvial valley with many natural billabongs covered with water lilies. Unfortunately, no such billabongs exist in the Araluen valley today. As with most river and creek valleys in south-eastern Australia, the natural landscape of Araluen Creek and its valley were destroyed by rampant and extremely destructive gold mining during the 'gold rush' in the latter half of the 19th century. The town experienced a decline after a flash flood in 1860 virtually destroyed the town, killing 24 people.
A second flash flood came in March, 2012 killing one person.
Araluen experienced a great population increase during the gold rush. It had various schools between 1867 and 1956. Araluen West Public School operated from 1867 to 1919, although it was called Bourketown Public School during its first two years. Araluen Upper Public School operated from 1872 to 1888. Araluen Lower Provisional School operated from 1943 to 1956. Araluen West Evening Public School operated from 1880 to 1886 and in 1890 and 1892. Araluen Evening Public School operated in 1880 and 1881.
Account of valley/lagoon destruction
On approaching Araluen affairs assume a more serious air. The change commences where the Sideling Gold Mining Company has erected its great waterwheel, and is at work reefing and ground sluicing. This is at a distance of seven miles from Araluen. The company consists of eight proprietors, who are sanguine. The particulars promised respecting this claim have not yet reached me. From this claim the indications of mining increase. The timber is more interfered with, races intersected the country everywhere, and patches of upturned country impart an air of desolation inseparable from mining industry. The Araluen Creek winds through an extensive valley 1200 feet above the sea level, and surrounded by ranges of mountains about two miles apart. The ranges attain an altitude of 1000 feet, are precipitous, and sparsely wooded to the summit. In this enclosure the shallow stream which now winds about, once swelled into a lagoon [i.e. the lagoon once covered in water lilies], and over the whole of the rocky bed formed a deposit which is now the object of search. This layer of "wash-dirt", which varies from four to thirty feet in depth, contains the gold. Near the creek it is easily reached, but away back it is covered with the tailings and debris of former diggers, that has to be removed. Further from the creek, therefore, the more stripping there is to deal with—16, 18, and 20 feet.
FROM MORUYA TO ARALUEN. [FROM AN OCCASIONAL TRAVELLER.] ARALUEN, NOVEMBER 20. The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser, Saturday 28 November 1874, Page 683.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Araluen (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- "Araluen". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Araluen". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Araluen, New South Wales". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- Araluen and Braidwood, NSW: Floods - 1860 Archived October 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Emergency Management Australia.
- "Araluen West Public School in the School history database search". New South Wales Department of Education. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Araluen Upper Public School in the School history database search". New South Wales Department of Education. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Araluen Lower Provisional School in the School history database search". New South Wales Department of Education. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Araluen West Evening Public School in the School history database search". New South Wales Department of Education. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Araluen Evening Public School in the School history database search". New South Wales Department of Education. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- FROM MORUYA TO ARALUEN, The Sydney Mail, 28 November 1874.
- "PEN PORTRAITS". The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 5 November 1928. p. 4 Edition: HOME FINAL EDITION. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- ABC spends afternoon at Araluen Archived September 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., The Braidwood Times, 2 February 2009.