Entry to Aramits
|Intercommunality||Vallée de Barétous|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Étienne Serna|
|29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)|
|• Density||23/km2 (60/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||212–628 m (696–2,060 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Aramits is located in part of the Barétous valley, the westernmost of the three main valleys of Béarn crossing the Pyrenees. It is located some 15 km south-west of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and 3 km north of Arette.
Access is by the D919 road from Ance in the north-east to the village then continuing to Lanne-en-Baretous in the south-west. There are also the minor roads D659 from the village north to join the D159 on the northern border and the D133 which goes south from the village to Arette.
Bus route 848 of the Inter-urban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which connects La Pierre Saint-Martin (a ski resort in Arette) to Oloron-Sainte-Marie, has a stop in Aramits.
Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is bisected from south-west to north-east by : Le Vert a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron which gathers many tributaries of its own in the commune including the Aurone, the Lancy, the Littos, the Talou Gros, and also by the arrècs of Bugalaran, Bitole (as well its tributary the Rachet), Ibarcis, and Labaigt (and by its tributary the Audore).
The tributaries of the Joos: the Arriou de Sulu and the Bouhatéko erreka (with the Dragon) also flow through the commune.
- Villa Barétous
- Fontaine Bugalaran
- Bois de Bugangue
- Borde Estanguet
- Granges Cachau
- Coig de Lamothe
- La Gloriette
- Lac de Bas
- Lamothe (2 localities)
- Lanne de Haut
- Laude Bousquet
- Grange Lerdou
- Grange de Lurbet
- Les Murs
- Olivé de Haut
- Olivé de Baig
- Grange d'Osse
- Les Pernes
- Grange de Pradet
- Bois de Rachet
- Pont de Rachou
- Talou Andichou
- Talou Piarroch
- Tembla de la Loupère
- Tos de Haut
- Les Trois Arbres
The commune name in béarnais is Aràmits (according to classical norm of Occitan). For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, the origin of the name is from the Basque aran ("valley") and -itz (a locative and collective suffix) giving "place of valleys" or "confluence". It would also indicate that the inhabitants were once nicknamed grenouilles (frogs) - a name for the inhabitants of wetlands).
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Aramitz en Baratons||1376||Raymond||Luntz|
|Aramys||1630||Grosclaude||Le Païs de Béarn Map|
|L'Arrigau||lo ariu aperat la Rigau||1538||Raymond||Reformation||Stream with its source in Arette and joining the Vert in Aramits|
|La Bourette||La Bourette||1863||Raymond||Tributary of the Vert which rises in Aramits|
|Le Bois de Bugangue||lo boscq de Buyangue||1477||Raymond||Aspe||Wood on the territory of Asasp in 1863. The Ruisseau de Bugangue, a tributary of the Mielle which rose in Asasp and Gurmençon in 1863, passed through the wood.|
|Calangué||La Calangue||1863||Raymond||A Stream with its source in the Bois de Budangue and joining the Dandarou, a tributary of the Vert.|
|La Grange-d'Osse||L’Espitau d’Osse||1385||Raymond||Census||Farm next to the Vert belonging to Pontaut Abbey(Landes) and a fief of the Viscounts of Béarn depending on the bailiwick of Oloron.|
|La Grange de Osse ab une petite gleysi||1538||Raymond||Reformation|
|Lanne de Haut||Lane||1385||Raymond||Census||Close to another place in Aramits which is now in the commune of Lanne-en-Barétous. It had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 it was part of the bailiwick of Oloron and had 17 fires.|
|Sanctus Martinus de Lanne||1673||Raymond||Insinuations|
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Ossau: Titles of the Ossau Valley
- Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron
- Aspe: Titles of the Aspe Valley
- Census: Census of Béarn
- Cour Majour: Regulations of the Cour Majour
- Military: Military Inspection of Béarn
Paul Raymond on page 7 of his 1863 dictionary that Aramits is the former capital of the Barétous valley and that there were two Lay Abbeys, vassals of the Viscounts of Béarn: The Abadie-Susan and Abadie-Jusan.
Shortly before (in 1375), the priest of Aramits played the role of mediator in conflicts between the Navarrese and the Bearnese which gave birth to the treaty called the Junta de Roncal, leading to the yearly tribute of the three cows paid by Aramits to Isaba (Spain).
In 1790, the Canton of Aramits also included Esquiule.
On 13 March 2000 Aramits was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 4.2.
Vert, two swords Argent saltirewise points to base surmounted by a musketeer's hat of Sable feathered in Argent.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Aramits is part of five inter-communal structures:
- The Community of communes of the Barétous Valley;
- The SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous;
- The SIVU La Verna;
- The Energy Association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- The Intercommunal association for study and management of the watershed of Le Vert and its tributaries.
In 2009 the commune had 677 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The Parish church of Saint-Vincent (17th century) is registered as an historical monument. It was a former Lay Abbey with the remains of a portal from the 17th century but the old church was demolished in 1880. The new Romanesque-Byzantine style church was built from 1884 to 1886.
- The Sommet de Souek is 623 metres high
- The Soum d'Unars is 604 metres
- The Barrat de Sottou is 556 metres.
The commune has a primary school.
Sports and sports facilities
- Henri d'Aramitz lived in the commune. He was the son of Charles Aramitz and a sergeant in the company of musketeers who was the inspiration for Aramis in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas.
- Aramits Official web site (in French)
- Aramits on Lion1906
- Aramits on Google Maps
- Aramits on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Aramits on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Aramits on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
- Pontaut Abbey was founded in 1115 at Mant in Landes department.
- Cassini Map 1750 – Aramits
- Titles of Ossau in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Contracts retained by Luntz, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Titles of Aspe in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and the Accous Town Hall (in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Cour Majour of Béarn, register manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000502 Parish church of Saint-Vincent (in French)
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