Aramits

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Aramits
Commune
Entry to Aramits
Entry to Aramits
Coat of arms of Aramits
Coat of arms
Aramits is located in France
Aramits
Aramits
Coordinates: 43°07′18″N 0°43′34″W / 43.1217°N 0.7261°W / 43.1217; -0.7261Coordinates: 43°07′18″N 0°43′34″W / 43.1217°N 0.7261°W / 43.1217; -0.7261
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Aramits
Intercommunality Vallée de Barétous
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Étienne Serna
Area1 29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 677
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64029 /64570
Elevation 212–628 m (696–2,060 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aramits is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aramitsiens or Aramitsiennes.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Aramits is located in part of the Barétous valley, the westernmost of the three main valleys of Béarn crossing the Pyrenees. It is located some 15 km south-west of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and 3 km north of Arette.

Access[edit]

Access is by the D919 road from Ance in the north-east to the village then continuing to Lanne-en-Baretous in the south-west. There are also the minor roads D659 from the village north to join the D159 on the northern border and the D133 which goes south from the village to Arette.[3]

Bus route 848 of the Inter-urban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which connects La Pierre Saint-Martin (a ski resort in Arette) to Oloron-Sainte-Marie, has a stop in Aramits.

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is bisected from south-west to north-east by : Le Vert a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron which gathers many tributaries of its own in the commune including the Aurone, the Lancy, the Littos, the Talou Gros, and also by the arrècs of Bugalaran, Bitole (as well its tributary the Rachet), Ibarcis, and Labaigt (and by its tributary the Audore).

The tributaries of the Joos: the Arriou de Sulu and the Bouhatéko erreka (with the Dragon) also flow through the commune.

Localities and hamlets[4][edit]

The Town Hall.
  • Aïtzaguer
  • Andillon
  • Arhanchet
  • Aripe
  • Atchouètos
  • Badet
  • Balen
  • Baliros
  • Villa Barétous
  • Bénébig
  • Bernasqué
  • Bigué
  • Bile
  • Bouenou
  • Bourette[5]
  • Brincou
  • Fontaine Bugalaran
  • Bois de Bugangue[5]
  • Borde Estanguet
  • Granges Cachau
  • Calangué[5]
  • Camou
  • Capdeville
  • Carquet
  • Carrère
  • Casabonne
  • Casalet
  • Casemayou
  • Castera
  • Chandelle
  • Chicane
  • Chinaberry
  • Chourrout
  • Coig
  • Coig de Lamothe
  • Couéchot
  • Coustarou
  • Crapuchette
  • Escary
  • Escoubès
  • Escribasse
  • Estrate
  • Galard
  • Garay
  • La Gloriette
  • Gouloume[5]
  • Gourroure
  • Guirail
  • Hondeville
  • Laborde
  • Lac de Bas
  • Lacazette
  • Lacouère
  • Lagarde
  • Lahitte
  • Lamothe (2 localities)
  • Lanne de Haut[5]
  • Lanneretonne
  • Larrande
  • Lartigau
  • Laserre
  • Laude Bousquet
  • Grange Lerdou
  • Lesponne
  • Lhande
  • Loustalot
  • Loustaucaus
  • Grange de Lurbet
  • Mendioudou
  • Ménin
  • Mesplou
  • Miapira
  • Miramon
  • Mirande
  • Moncole
  • Mounolou
  • Les Murs
  • Olivé de Haut[5]
  • Olivé de Baig[5]
  • Oscamou
  • Grange d'Osse[5]
  • Ounces
  • Oyhenard
  • Pastou
  • Les Pernes
  • Peyré
  • Grange de Pradet
  • Prat
  • Bois de Rachet
  • Pont de Rachou
  • Ripaète
  • Satzoury
  • Serres
  • Serreuille[5]
  • Sottou
  • Soulou[5]
  • Talou
  • Talou Andichou
  • Talou Piarroch
  • Tembla de la Loupère
  • Tos de Haut
  • Trébucq
  • Les Trois Arbres

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Aràmits (according to classical norm of Occitan). For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval,[2] the origin of the name is from the Basque aran ("valley") and -itz (a locative and collective suffix) giving "place of valleys" or "confluence".[6] It would also indicate that the inhabitants were once nicknamed grenouilles (frogs) - a name for the inhabitants of wetlands).

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aramits Aramiçs 1270 Raymond
7
Ossau Village
Aramitz en Baratons 1376 Raymond
7
Luntz
Iramitz 1383 Raymond
7
Luntz
Sent-Vinsens d'Aramitz 1606 Raymond
7
Insinuations
Aramys 1630 Grosclaude Le Païs de Béarn Map
Aramits 1750 Cassini
L'Arrigau lo ariu aperat la Rigau 1538 Raymond
12
Reformation Stream with its source in Arette and joining the Vert in Aramits
L'Arrigas 1863 Raymond
Basques Basques 1863 Raymond
22
Hamlet
La Bourette La Bourette 1863 Raymond
35
Tributary of the Vert which rises in Aramits
Le Bois de Bugangue lo boscq de Buyangue 1477 Raymond
37
Aspe Wood on the territory of Asasp in 1863. The Ruisseau de Bugangue, a tributary of the Mielle which rose in Asasp and Gurmençon in 1863, passed through the wood.
Calangué La Calangue 1863 Raymond
39
A Stream with its source in the Bois de Budangue and joining the Dandarou, a tributary of the Vert.
Gouloume Goulomme 1863 Raymond
72
Wood
La Grange-d'Osse L’Espitau d’Osse 1385 Raymond
73
Census Farm next to the Vert belonging to Pontaut Abbey[7](Landes) and a fief of the Viscounts of Béarn depending on the bailiwick of Oloron.
La Grange de Osse ab une petite gleysi 1538 Raymond
73
Reformation
Lanne de Haut Lane 1385 Raymond
92
Census Close to another place in Aramits which is now in the commune of Lanne-en-Barétous. It had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 it was part of the bailiwick of Oloron and had 17 fires.
Lana 1444 Raymond
92
Cour Majour
Sanctus Martinus de Lanne 1673 Raymond
92
Insinuations
Lanne 1863 Raymond
92
Olivé Oliber 1538 Raymond
124
Reformation Farm
Serreuille Seruilhe 1376 Raymond
160
Military Hamlet
Sarrulhe-Susoo 1385 Raymond
160
Census
Sarrulhe-Jusoo 1385 Raymond
160
Census
Soulou Soulon 1581 Raymond
163
Reformation Farm

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond on page 7 of his 1863 dictionary that Aramits is the former capital of the Barétous valley and that there were two Lay Abbeys, vassals of the Viscounts of Béarn: The Abadie-Susan and Abadie-Jusan.

He further noted that in 1385 there were 52 fires at Aramits and it depended on the bailiwick of Oloron.[5]

Shortly before (in 1375), the priest of Aramits played the role of mediator in conflicts between the Spaniards and the French which gave birth to the treaty called the Junta de Roncal.

In 1790, the Canton of Aramits also included Esquiule.

On 13 March 2000 Aramits was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 4.2.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aramits
Blazon:

Vert, two swords Argent saltirewise points to base surmounted by a musketeer's hat of Sable feathered in Argent.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1983 1989 Pierre Louis
1989 2014 Daniel Lourtau
2014 2020 Étienne Serna

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Aramits is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • The Community of communes of the Barétous Valley;
  • The SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous;
  • The SIVU La Verna;
  • The Energy Association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • The Intercommunal association for study and management of the watershed of Le Vert and its tributaries.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 677 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,024 938 1,001 1,220 1,264 1,317 1,303 1,306 1,249
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,209 1,150 1,073 1,024 1,040 1,110 1,031 962 986
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
953 953 940 796 766 753 740 697 642
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
622 600 621 602 588 653 - 677 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aramits

Economy[edit]

The economy of the town is primarily oriented toward agriculture and livestock (cattle and sheep). It is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Church and entrance to the old Lay Abbey
Stained glass by Michel Garicoïts at Aramits

Religious heritage[edit]

The Parish church of Saint-Vincent (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument. It was a former Lay Abbey with the remains of a portal from the 17th century but the old church was demolished in 1880. The new Romanesque-Byzantine style church was built from 1884 to 1886.[17]

Environmental heritage[edit]

  • The Sommet de Souek is 623 metres high[4]
  • The Soum d'Unars is 604 metres[4]
  • The Barrat de Sottou is 556 metres.[4]

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The commune has a primary school.

Sports and sports facilities[edit]

Rugby Union: the Entente Aramits plays in Fédérale 2. Pierre Capdevielle played there from 1985 to 1994.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  3. ^ a b Google Maps
  4. ^ a b c d Géoportail, IGN (French)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  6. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  7. ^ Pontaut Abbey was founded in 1115 at Mant in Landes department.
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Aramits
  9. ^ Titles of Ossau in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Contracts retained by Luntz, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Titles of Aspe in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and the Accous Town Hall (French)
  13. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ Cour Majour of Béarn, register manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000502 Parish church of Saint-Vincent (French)