Aranđelovac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aranđelovac
Аранђеловац
Town and municipality
The city view from Bukulja mountain
The city view from Bukulja mountain
Coat of arms of Aranđelovac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Aranđelovac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Aranđelovac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°18′N 20°34′E / 44.300°N 20.567°E / 44.300; 20.567Coordinates: 44°18′N 20°34′E / 44.300°N 20.567°E / 44.300; 20.567
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Šumadija
Settlements 19
Government
 • Mayor Dimitrije Jovanović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 376 km2 (145 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 24,797
 • Municipality 46,225
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34300
Area code +381(0)34
Car plates AR

Aranđelovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Аранђеловац, Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [ǎraːnd͡ʑɛlɔv̞at͡s]) is a town and a municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. It is situated beneath the mountains Bukulja and Venčac, at about 255 metres (837 ft) above sea level, 75 kilometres (47 miles) away from Belgrade.

The municipality encompasses two towns and 18 village communities. Bukovička Banja Spa is located in the town. According to the most recent, 2011 census, there are 24,797 inhabitants in the town itself, while the whole municipality has a total of 46,225 inhabitants.

Etymology[edit]

Most of the town territory used to belong to the village of Vrbica, today its suburb. Since duke Miloš Obrenović often resided in the Bukovička Banja, he decided to build a church in Vrbica in 1858 (one of his "repentance churches"), and dedicated it to St. Archangel Gabriel. The growing community surrounding the church was then proclaimed the town of Aranđelovac ("The town of Archangel (Angel)") by the power of duke's decree occupying major parts of territories of villages Vrbica and Bukovik.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1948 32,584 —    
1953 35,338 +1.64%
1961 38,562 +1.10%
1971 42,122 +0.89%
1981 46,803 +1.06%
1991 47,618 +0.17%
2002 48,129 +0.10%
2011 46,225 −0.45%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Aranđelovac has a population of 46,225 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 44,581
Romani 382
Montenegrins 186
Macedonians 60
Yugoslavs 49
Croats 38
Romanians 25
Muslims 18
Hungarians 17
Bulgarians 15
Russians 14
Others 840
Total 46,225

Economy[edit]

Vineyards outside Arandjelovac

Being a spa resort, tourism and hospitality industry is one of the main economy activity in the town. Arandjelovac has number of hotels, including Staro zdanje, Šumadija, and Izvor,[5] as well as many smaller boutique hotels, and guest houses. In addition the streets of town are littered with many cafés, bars, restaurants and shops. Rural and eco-tourism is also popular in the villages around the town.

The most known company hailing from Aranđelovac is Knjaz Miloš AD, which produces the widely popular mineral water, as well as juices, pop, and energy drinks. The naturally carbonised mineral water is extracted from the wells over 100m deep, lying under famous white marble of the Vencac mountain. Marble is exploited by Venčac company. This quality material from Venčac is used to build many statues displayed in the town sprawling central park built by number of international sculptors. Company Šamot produces high temperature materials from the local deposits of aluminosilicates, while Elektroporcelan produces electrical and thermal insulation ceramics. Company Peštan specializes in PVC products. Kubršnica is the well known brick and building material factory.

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2015):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 31
Mining 178
Processing industry 3,767
Distribution of power, gas and water 122
Distribution of water and water waste management 272
Construction 267
Wholesale and retail, repair 1,902
Traffic, storage and communication 333
Hotels and restaurants 604
Media and telecommunications 84
Finance and insurance 108
Property stock and charter 15
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 314
Administrative and other services 165
Administration and social assurance 334
Education 714
Healthcare and social work 978
Art, leisure and recreation 100
Other services 158
Total 10,445

Tourism[edit]

The park of Arandjelovac Spa in Aranđelovac.
The Main Square in Aranđelovac.

Aranđelovac is well known for the springs of remedial sparkling mineral water. Dositej Obradović, a leader of the Serbian Enlightenment movement, brought the springs to the public spotlight by frequenting the spa in the late 18th and early 19th century. By personal request of Prince Miloš Obrenović, the water from Bukovik mineral springs was transported and used in his court. Hand-bottling of the mineral water for commercial use began at the beginning of the 20th century, and through the decades to come to receive the highest international honors for quality.

The beautiful park of Bukovička Banja Spa shares the popularity with Aranđelovac mineral water. It encompasses the area of 21.5 ha with the permanent exhibition of marble figures of the most eminent domestic (ex-Yugoslavian) and foreign authors, a product of the 30-year tradition of the festival Mermer i zvuci. All the events take place in the summer open scene in the park, or in the Sala Kneževa, in the Staro Zdanje hotel. This 150-year-old hotel is situated in the park itself, and its original purpose was the summer residence for the Obrenović dynasty. The pavilion of Duke Miloš and several mineral water springs are also situated in the park. The mineral water is used in the Spa together with clay from the local area in curing diseases of gastrointestinal and hepatolibiar organs, respiratory diseases, and locomotor organs. The flag-bearer of the tourism in the town, the luxurious hotel and spa resort Izvor[7] is located adjacent to the park. In addition to accommodation for its guests, the hotel offers congress, SPA & wellness services.

The Aranđelovac municipality area also bears historical importance. First Serbian Uprising against the Turks in 1804 started in the village of Orašac (6 km (3.73 mi) from the town). A complex in Marićevića Jaruga in Orašac memorizes the location where the rebellion started. February 15, the day of uprising, is celebrated as the day the modern Serbian state is founded.

10 km (6.21 mi) away from Aranđelovac is the accumulation Lake Garaši, Aranđelovac’s supply of water. The lake encompasses 65 ha, its deepest point is at 22 m, it is rich in fish and it is the town’s anglers favorite fishing location. Aranđelovac Museum[8] has a permanent exhibition of various items from the Neolith Risovačka Cave, which is located at the very entrance of the town.

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Aranđelovac is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  5. ^ a-hotel-izvor.com
  6. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2016" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  7. ^ a-hotel-izvor.com
  8. ^ muzej-arandjelovac.org

External links[edit]