Aranatha

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Aranatha
18th Jain Tirthankara, 7th Chakravartin, 13th Kamadeva
Jain statues, Gwalior.jpg
Images of Tirthankara (Gwalior Fort)
Details
Predecessor Kunthunatha
Successor Māllīnātha
Royalty
Dynasty/Clan Ikshvaku
Family
Parents Sudarsana (father)
Devi (Mitra) (mother)
Kalyanaka/important events
Born after 16,585,000 BCE
Hastinapura
Moksha date before 16,500,000 BCE
Moksha place Sammed Shikhar
Characteristics/attributes
Complexion Golden
Symbol Fish (as per Digambar Sect) Nandavarta (as per Swetember Sect)
Height 30 bows (90 metres)
Age over 84,000 years
Kevalakāla
Yaksha Yakshendra
Yakshini Dharini

Aranath was the eighteenth Jain Tirthankar of the present half cycle of time (Avasarpini).[1] He was also the seventh Chakravartin[2] and thirteenth Kamadeva. According to Jain beliefs, he was born around 16,585,000 BCE. He became a siddha i.e a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karmas. Aranath was born to King Sudarshan and Queen Devi (Mitra) at Hastinapur in the Ikshvaku dynasty.[1] His birth date was the tenth day of the Migsar Krishna month of the Indian calendar.

Life[edit]

Like all other Chakravartin, he also conquered all the lands[2] and went to write his name on the foothills of mountains. Seeing the names of other Chakravartin already there, he saw his ambitions dwarfed. He then renounced his throne and became an ascetic for penance.[2] At an age over 84,000 years he and attained Moksha (liberation) on Mount Shikharji.[2]

Worship[edit]

Svayambhūstotra by Acarya Samantabhadra is the adoration of twenty-four tirthankaras. Twenty slokas (aphorisms) of Svayambhūstotra are dedicated to Tirthankar Aranath.[3] One such sloka is:

O Passionless Lord Aranatha! Your physical form which is free from all vestiges of ornaments, clothes and weapons, and the embodiment of unalloyed knowledge, control of the senses, and benevolence, is a clear indication that you have vanquished all blemishes.

— Svayambhustotra (18-2-12)[4]

Temples[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tukol 1980, p. 31.
  2. ^ a b c d von Glasenapp 1999, p. 308.
  3. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 118-129.
  4. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 122.
  5. ^ Sandhya, C D’Souza (19 November 2010), "Chaturmukha Basadi: Four doors to divinity Last updated", Deccan Herald 

Sources[edit]