Arancini

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Arancini
Arancini 002.jpg
Sicilian arancini for sale at a counter
TypeSnack, street food
Place of originItaly
Region or stateSicily
Main ingredientsrice, meat

Arancini (UK: /ˌærənˈni/, US: /ˌɑːr-/,[1][2] Italian: [aranˈtʃiːni], Sicilian: [aɾanˈtʃiːnɪ, -ˈdʒiː-])[a] are stuffed rice balls which are coated with bread crumbs and then deep fried. The most common fillings are: al ragù or al sugo, filled with ragù (meat or mince, low temperature and long time cooked with tomato sauce and spices), mozzarella and/or caciocavallo cheese, and often peas, and al burro or ô bburru, filled with ham and mozzarella or besciamella.

A number of regional variants exist which differ in fillings and shape. The name, which is translated as "little orange", derives from their shape and colour which, after cooking, is reminiscent of an orange. Arancini al ragù produced in eastern Sicily have a conical shape representing the volcano Etna.[citation needed]

History[edit]

An open arancino, showing the rice and ragù stuffing

Arancini are said to have originated in 10th-century Sicily at a time when the island was under Arab rule.[5][6]

In the cities of Palermo, Siracusa, and Trapani in Sicily, arancini are a traditional food for the feast of Santa Lucia on 13 December when bread and pasta are not eaten. This commemorates arrival of a grain supply ship on Santa Lucia's day in 1646, relieving a severe famine.[7]

Today, with the increasing popularity of this finger food in modern Italian food culture, arancini are found all year round at most Sicilian food outlets, particularly in Palermo, Messina and Catania. The dish was traditionally created to provide a full meal to Federico II di Svevia during his hunting activities.

Ingredients and variations[edit]

Conical-shaped arancini photographed in Messina

The most common type of arancini sold in Sicilian cafés are arancini al ragù, which typically consist of meat in a tomato sauce, rice, and mozzarella or other cheese. Many cafés also offer arancini al burro (with butter or béchamel sauce) or specialty arancini, such as arancini con funghi (mushrooms), con pistacchi (pistachios), or con melanzane (aubergine).

In Roman cuisine, supplì are similar but are commonly filled with cheese (different preparation methods and filling distribution). In Naples, rice balls are called pall'e riso. In a variant recipe originating among the Italian diaspora in Southeast Texas, the arancini are stuffed with a chili-seasoned filling.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

In Italian literature, Inspector Montalbano, the main character of Andrea Camilleri's detective novels, is a well-known lover of arancini. The success of the book series and the television adaptation has contributed to making this dish known outside of Italy.[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Italian and Sicilian plural; in the singular, Italian: arancino, Sicilian: arancinu or arancina.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arancini". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ "arancini" (US) and "arancini". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. ^ "I cugini di Palerma e il sesso degli arancini. Un complesso di inferiorità culinaria". MeridioNews (in Italian).
  4. ^ "Arancina o arancinu? Una risposta esaustiva - Cadèmia Siciliana". Cadèmia Siciliana (in Italian). 30 December 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  5. ^ Giuliano Valdes (1 May 2000). Sicilia. Ediz. Inglese (illustrated ed.). Casa Editrice Bonechi. p. 9. ISBN 9788870098266.
  6. ^ Clifford A. Wright (1 Jan 2003). Little Foods of the Mediterranean: 500 Fabulous Recipes for Antipasti, Tapas, Hors D'Oeuvre, Meze, and More (illustrated ed.). Harvard Common Press. p. 380. ISBN 9781558322271.
  7. ^ Giuseppina Siotto, Vegetaliana, note di cucina italiana vegetale: La cucina vegetariana e vegana, 2014, ISBN 8868101858, chapter 14
  8. ^ "Arancini". Texas Monthly. 1 December 1988.
  9. ^ "I arancini di Montalbano". Rai Uno. 6 July 2015. Archived from the original on 17 July 2015.

External links[edit]