Arani, Tiruvannamalai

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Arani

Arani
Select Grade Municipality
Arani
Nickname(s): 
Silk & Rice City
Arani is located in Tamil Nadu
Arani
Arani
Location in Tamil Nadu
Arani is located in India
Arani
Arani
Location in India
Coordinates: 12°40′30″N 79°17′04″E / 12.6751077°N 79.2843245°E / 12.6751077; 79.2843245Coordinates: 12°40′30″N 79°17′04″E / 12.6751077°N 79.2843245°E / 12.6751077; 79.2843245
country India
StateTamilnadu
DistrictTiruvannamalai
RegionTondai Nadu
Named forSilk & Rice
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencyArani (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Member of Lok Sabha constituencyMr. M.k Vishnu Prasad
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyMr. Sevoor. Ramachandran
 • District CollectorMr.Sandeep Nanduri IAS
Area
 • Select Grade Municipality13.64 km2 (5.27 sq mi)
Area rankselection grade municipality
Elevation
171 m (561 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Select Grade Municipality63,671
 • Rank30
 • Metro
92,375
Language
 • Official LanguageTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (Indian tuning time)
Postal code
632301, 632314, 632316 , 632317, 632318
Phone numbers in India04173
Vehicle registrationTN 97
WebsiteArani Municipality

'Arni otherwise spelled Arani, also Periya Arani is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The name comes from the word Aranyam which means a place surrounded by forest. Arani is known for its rich history - a Fort and few palaces, ancient Hindu temples and Jain centres stand today as a testimony. For more than thirty years, Arani, Polur, Cheyyar, Vandavasi people have been demanding the creation of a new district headed by Arani.

As of 2011, the municipality boundary of the town had a population of 63,671, the extended town population is 92,375 and it is the 2nd largest town in the district after Tiruvannamalai. A revenue division of the district is formed which is headquartered by Arani.

Arani is the second largest city in the Tiruvannamalai district. Arni is the name of silk and pony varieties next to Kanchipuram. Arni is also known for its silk sarees. It is also known as the Arni Silk City. Arani is one of the highest income earning town in Tiruvannamalai district. Arani is the 30th largest city in Tamil Nadu with the most populous cities.

Arani has five Census towns, one town panchayat and over 40 villages.

Municipality history[edit]

Arani was constituted as a third grade municipality in the year 1951. As per G.O. No. 564, date: 02.04.1951, classified as Second Grade Municipality. The population of the town was then 24567. The entire area of Arani Revenue village was included within the jurisdiction of the municipality. At 2007 from 9.5.1983 onwards as per G.O. No. 851, classified as first grade municipality. The Population of the town was then 63741. At present From 2008 on words as per G.O No- 1067, Classified as Selection Grade Municipality. The Population of the town was then 92375[2]

Geography[edit]

Arni is located at 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28[3] on the banks of the Kamandala Naaga river. It has an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

Transport[edit]

Road facilities[edit]

Arani is well connected to major cities by road and road. The city of Arni is connected by various well-paved roads,

A bypass of Chennai (Arcot) Road, Chennai Road and Cuddalore Road is being completed.

Bus transport[edit]

It is 126 km (78 mi) from Chennai, 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Vellore and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Tiruvannamalai. There are two bus stands in the town and a TNSTC operates a daily service to important south Tamilnadu cities. Arani to Chennai has an every 10 minutes once a bus at 02:15 am to 10:45 pm. The major inter-city bus routes to towns has predominant bus services to Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Kanchipuram and Villupuram, Bangalore, Salem, Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode, Trichy, Thanjavur, Tiruvallur, Tirutani, Tirupathi, Puduchery, Thoothukudi, Nagarkoil, Chidambaram, Tindivanam, Nagapattinam, Madurai and Cuddalore. The SETC and TNSTC operates long-distance buses routes to the important cities.

Many buses are running powered from the Arani and other than. Some of them are:

Bus Number Place of Departure Destination Route
202 Arani Chennai Arcot
210 Tiruvannamalai Chennai Kalasapakkam, Polur, Arani, Arcot, Poonamallee
204 UD Polur Chennai Kalambur, Arani, Arcot, Poonamallee
423 Tiruvannamalai Chennai Kalasapakkam, Polur, Arani, Cheyyar, Kanchipuram, Poonamallee
135 Arani Kanchipuram Kalavai, Vembakkam
235 Tiruvannamalai Kanchipuram Kalasapakkam, Polur, Arani, Cheyyar
438 Kanchipuram Salem Cheyyar, Arani, Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Harur
502 Tiruvallur Arani Kanchipuram, Arcot
477 Arani Bangalore Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Krishnagiri, Hosur
444 Arani Bangalore Vellore, Krishnagiri
216 Vellore Viluppuram Arani, Chettupattu, Gingee
217 Arani Vellore Kannamangalam, Kaniyambadi, Adukkamparai
434 Arani Coimbatore Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Harur, Salem
435 Arani Tiruppur Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Harur, Salem
432 Arani Erode Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Harur, Salem
666 Kanchipuram Trichy Cheyyar, Arani, Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Perambalur
242 Chengam Chennai Polur, Arani, Cheyyar, Kanchipuram, Poonamallee
204 Vellore Puducherry Arani, Vandavasi, Tindivanam,
163 Tiruvannamalai Thiruttani Polur, Arani, Arcot
279 Arani Tambaram Cheyyar, Kanchipuram, Padappai
234 Arani T. Nagar Arcot, Poonamallee, Guindy, Saidapet
UD (SETC) Vellore Thoothukudi Arani, Viluppuram, Trichy
UD (SETC) Vellore Thanjavur Arani, Viluppuram
307 Arani Trichy Arani, Polur, Tiruvannamalai, Perambalur
665 Vellore Pudukkottai Arani, Viluppuram
UD Vellore Mayiladuthurai Arani, Viluppuram

Train transport[edit]

The Tindivanam route from the city is planned by the central government to connect trains via Arani. The railway station has been shifted to Kalambur on the Arani - Thiruvannamalai road. The railway station is the Arani railway station. It is located on the Arani - Thiruvannamalai road about 10 km (6.2 mi) away. However, it is the nearest railway station to the business town of Arani, 10 km (6.2 mi) away. The station is the third largest railway station in the district, apart from the Thiruvannamalai town and the Arani Railway Junction station. Opened in 1889 for public use. The railway station is well connected to cities like Bangalore, Svandpur, Vellore - Katpadi, Kolkata Howrah, Tirupati, Cuddalore, Pondicherry, Mannargudi, Mayavaram, Kumbakonam, Trichy, Dindigul, Madurai, Chennai Central, Arakkonam and Tiruvallur.

Train Name Train Number Place of Departure Train Route Place of Destination
Tirupathi-Villupuram passenger train 56885 Tirupathi Chittore, Katpadi, Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Villupuram
Villupuram Katpadi passengers 56886 Villupuram Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Katpadi
Katpadi Villupuram passengers 56881 Katpadi Katpadi, Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Villupuram
Villupuram-Tirupathi 56882 Villupuram Katpadi, Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Tirupathi
Katpadi-Villupuram 56883 Katpadi Katpadi, Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Villupuram
Katpadi-Villupuram 56884 Katpadi Katpadi, Vellore, Kannamangalam, Arani, polur, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur Villupuram
Purlia SF Express 22606 Villupuram Cuttack, Bhubaneswar, Vishakapatnam, Vijayawada, Katpadi, Arani, Tiruvannamalai Purlia
Pamani SF Express 17407 Tirupathi Mannargudi
Chalukya Express 11005 Mumbai Dadhar Villupuram, Tirukovilur, Tiruvanamalai, Polur, Arani, Vellore, Katpadi, Jolarpet, Bangalore, Hubli, Khanpur, Pune Pudhuchery
Pudhuchery-Tirupathi weakly Express 17414 Pudhuchery Villupuram, Tirukovilur, Tiruvanamalai, Polur, Arani, Vellore, Katpadi, Chittore Tirupathi
Arani-Cuddalore passengers 12694 Arani Polur, Thurinjapuram, Tiruvannamalai, Tirukovilur, Villupuram, Pudhuchery Cuddalore
Dadar Central Express 11006 Pudhuchery Villupuram, Tirukovilur, Tiruvanamalai, Polur, Arani, Vellore, Katpadi, Jolarpet, Bangalore, Hubli, Khanpur, Pune Mumbai

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
89.16%
Muslim
7.30%
Christian
1.8%
Sikh
0.01%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
1.43%
Other
0.19%
No religion
0.0%
Linguistic census
Linguistic groups Percent(%)
Tamil
71.57%
Telugu
13.07%
Urdu
12.39%
Kannada
1.01%
Creole
0.4%
Other
0.51%

According to 2011 census, Arni town with 33 wards had a population of 63,671 with a sex-ratio of 1,036 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929, but extended town including all the sub urban area had a population of 92,375.[4] A total of 6,346 were under the age of six, constituting 3,200 males and 3,146 females. The average literacy of the town was 76.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The town had a total of 14889 households. There were a total of 23,298 workers, comprising 153 cultivators, 343 main agricultural labourers, 2,185 in house hold industries, 17,919 other workers, 2,698 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 100 marginal agricultural labourers, 224 marginal workers in household industries and 2,341 other marginal workers.[5] As per the religious census of 2011, Arani (M) had 89.16% Hindus, 7.39% Muslims, 1.8% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 1.43% Jains, 0.19% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19019,299—    
191113,394+44.0%
192114,286+6.7%
193117,446+22.1%
194119,668+12.7%
195124,567+24.9%
196131,351+27.6%
198138,668+23.3%
199154,881+41.9%
200160,888+10.9%
201192,375+51.7%
Sources:

History[edit]

Pallavas were the first to rule the Arni town followed by Rashtrakutas in 968 A.D. Later during the Chola period including the reigns of Kulothunga Chola II (1070 A.D – 1122 A.D) and Rajadhiraja Chola II (1166 A.D – 1178 A.D) witnessed more developments in administration including formation of feudatories. Inscriptions also reveal several grants and donations made by Cholas to temples in the form of villages.[10]

In 1640 Jagir of Arani was granted to Vedaji Bhaskar Pant, a Marathi Brahmin. The Jagir was continuously headed by the descendants of Bhaskar Pant till the Zamindari Abolition Bill was passed in 1948.[11]

Poosi Malai Kuppam is 12 kilometres (7 mi) away from Arani. Raja Thirumala IV Rao Sahib built a sophisticated bungalow for his lover, an Anglo-Indian lady, there. During the Nawab period, there was a struggle between the British, French and Nawab Hyder Ali. The victorious British captured Arani. There is also a palace near the town, now used by the Agriculture Department.

Fort[edit]

There is a fort area in the heart of the town. It houses the forest department, sub jail, registration office, police station, women police station, and agricultural office.

A monument situated in the parade ground of the fort commemorates Col. Robert Kelly, who was surveying the Arani area. Kelly was killed in a duel on 29 September 1790 by his junior officer Capt. Urban Vigors, who in his chagrin erected the monument.[12]

A temple built by the Emperor Dasarathar the father of Sri Rama, Lakshmana, Bharatha and Sathrungna, still exits on the banks of Kamandalam the river of Arni named Puthira (meaning:son or child) kamaeshwarar temple after the worship by Dasarathar at this temple Ramar was born to him. This happened in the Times of Ramayanam. Of the 11 yagas Dasaratha had to perform for getting male progeny, the first one was performed here. Rishi Rushyashringar performed the yagna.

Battle of Arani[edit]

The Battle of Arnee (or Battle of Arani) took place at Arani, India on 3 December 1751 during the Second Carnatic War. A British-led force under the command of Robert Clive defeated and routed a much larger Franco-Indian force under the command of Raza Sahib. The French troops were guarding a convoy of treasure. Clive took up a position in swampy ground, crossed by a causeway in which the convoy was forced to pass. The French were thrown into disorder and forced to retreat, but night saved them from total destruction. The treasure, however, was captured.

Administration & politics[edit]

Municipality officials
Chairman N. Balachandar[13]
Commissioner Anandakumari[14]
Vice-Chairman [15]
Elected members
Member of Legislative Assembly Sevoor.S.Ramachandran[16]
Member of Parliament M.K.Vishnuprasad Congress [17]

Municipality[edit]

The Arani municipality was established in 1931 during British times. It was promoted to a second-grade municipal municipality in 1954, first grade in 1989, selection grade in 2008. The municipality has 33 wards and there is an elected councillor for each of those wards. The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: general administration/personnel, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, city planning and Information Technology (IT). All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the executive head. The legislative powers are vested in a body of 33 members, one each from the 33 wards. The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson.

Regional Transport Office[edit]

Arani is the newly created regional transport office in Thiruvannamalai district. Until 2018, the Thiruvannamalai code was operated by TN 25 as the Sub Transport Office. Subsequently, with the efforts of the Minister of Hindu Religious Affairs, Mr Sevoor Ramachandran, a Created new Regional Transport Office code, TN 97, was created.[1]. The headquarters of the Regional Transport Office is Arani. It consists of the taluks of Polur, Arani, Chetpet, Jamunamarattur, Cheyyar, Vembakkam, Vandavasi and Kalasapakkam.

Revenue Division[edit]

Arani revenue code is a newly developed district in Thiruvannamalai district[2]. The revenue Division was funded by the efforts of the Hindu Religious Affairs Minister, Mr. Sevur Ramachandran. Opened in April 2016 by Palanisamy. The Arani Revenue Division consists of the taluks of Arani, Polur, Chettupattu, Kalasapakkam and Jamunamathur. In addition to this, the Arani Revenue Division is one of the highest earners in the Thiruvannamalai district.

State Assembly constituency[edit]

Arani block is one of the 234 assembly seats in Tamilnadu. Arani municipality is subject to the Arni (state assembly constituency) and Arni (Lok Sabha constituency). In the legislative elections held in 2016, he belongs to the Anna dravida munnetra kazagam (AIDMK). Arani was the winner of Mr.sevoor.Ramachandran.

Lok Shaba constituency[edit]

Arani Loksabha constituency

Economy[edit]

Major revenue generated from couple of business Rice production and Silk saree weaving, more than 300 rice mills to produce best quality rice called "Arni Ponni" from paddy, the town also has a large communities of silk weavers who specialize in making silk sarees. Hand looms are most frequently used for the weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods such as Power looms. Arani is the number one in revenue earning in Tiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu. Though the town is not well known outside Tamil Nadu, a bulk of India's silk apparels is produced by the people of Arani.[18]

Education[edit]

University of Engineering College,Arani

Arani is separate Education District in Tiruvannamalai District. There are two Engineering colleges were presented in Arani they are University College of Engineering, Anna University.[19] and A.C.S Engineering College. Polytechnic Colleges and ITI Colleges also located in Arani.[citation needed]

The Govt. Boys High School, Govt. Girls High School, Subramaniya Sastri High School and more Private higher secondary schools were located in Arani. The affiliated body of AISECT under MCIT GoI: M/S MTECH Business Solutions (IT Training Division), is present in Arani.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook : Tiruvannamalai" (PDF). Census of India. p. 30. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  2. ^ Arani Municipality population
  3. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics – Arani".
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Arani". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Population Details". arani municipality. 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  8. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Arani". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Arani". Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  10. ^ D. Madhavan. "Experts stress the need to preserve Arni's architectural heritage". Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  11. ^ M T Saju. "British Era palace falling apart in Arni". Times of India. Retrieved 4 July 2016. It was Maratha king Shahji (Shivaji's father) who handed over Arni with 100 villages to his commander Vedaji Bhaskar Punt in AD 1640
  12. ^ HF Murland (1922). Baillie-Ki-Paltan: Being a History of the 2nd Battalion, Madras Pioneers 1759-1930. Naval and Military Press, Uckfield. p 80.
  13. ^ "Chairman of municipality". Arani municipality. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Commissioner of municipality". Arani municipality. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  15. ^ "Vice Chairman of municipality". Arani municipality. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  16. ^ "MLA of Arani". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  17. ^ "Seventeenth Loksabha, Member of the Parliament". Parliament of India. 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  18. ^ Elisabetta Basile (2013). Capitalist Development in India's Informal Economy. Routledge. p. 159. ISBN 978-1135039592.
  19. ^ "College Website". University College.

External links[edit]